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Difference between Management and Administration

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Management and administration are closely related concepts within an organisation, but they have distinct roles and functions.

Management-and-Administration

What is Management?

Management encompasses the process of strategically planning, organizing resources, coordinating efforts, directing activities, and maintaining control within an organization to achieve its intended goals and objectives. This multifaceted discipline involves making informed decisions, optimizing resource allocation, fostering collaboration among teams, providing leadership, and monitoring progress to ensure alignment with established benchmarks. Whether in the context of businesses, nonprofits, or government entities, effective management is pivotal for resource efficiency, goal attainment, and adaptability in a dynamic environment. A range of management theories and models, from classical to contemporary, contribute to shaping management practices, with approaches tailored to factors such as organisational culture, industry dynamics, and leadership preferences.

What is Administration?

Administration involves overseeing an organisation’s day-to-day operations, ensuring they run smoothly by implementing policies and decisions set by management. This entails tasks like managing schedules, facilitating communication, optimizing resource allocation, and resolving issues that arise. Administrators play a vital role in policy implementation, making certain that guidelines are followed and organisational goals are pursued. Their coordination efforts harmonize different teams and individuals, while their adaptability enables them to respond effectively to changing circumstances. While management focuses on strategic direction, administration handles the practical and operational aspects, jointly contributing to an organisation’s overall functionality and achievement. In smaller settings, these roles may merge, whereas larger organisations might have separate departments or individuals dedicated to each function.

Difference between Management and Administration

Basis

Management

Administration

MeaningManagement encompasses the process of strategically planning, organizing resources, coordinating efforts, directing activities, and maintaining control within an organization to achieve its intended goals and objectives. Administration involves overseeing an organisation’s day-to-day operations, ensuring they run smoothly by implementing policies and decisions set by management.
FocusManagement is primarily concerned with planning, organizing, directing, and controlling resources to achieve organizational goals.Administration focuses on establishing policies, guidelines, and procedures to ensure the smooth operation of the organization.
ScopeManagement is a broader term that encompasses various functions such as planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling.Administration is a narrower term, often associated with the implementation of policies, rules, and regulations set by the management.
Key PersonManager is the key person in the case of management.Administrator is the key person in the case of administration. 
Decision-MakingManagers make strategic decisions related to setting goals, formulating plans, and allocating resources.Administrators make decisions related to implementing policies, procedures, and guidelines set by the management.
NatureIt is more dynamic, action-oriented, and focused on achieving objectives through efficient resource utilization.It is more concerned with establishing a stable framework, ensuring adherence to rules, and maintaining order within the organisation.
Time HorizonManagers focus on both short-term and long-term goals, with an emphasis on adapting to changing circumstances.Administrators tend to have a longer-term perspective, aiming to establish enduring structures and processes.
FunctionManagement involves guiding, directing, and leading employees toward achieving organizational goals.Administration involves establishing policies, rules, and regulations that guide the actions of employees and ensure organisational efficiency.
RoleThe role of management is executive in nature.The role of administration is decisive in nature.

Last Updated : 18 Oct, 2023
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