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Difference between Fetch and Axios for making http requests

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For web applications to communicate with servers using the HTTP protocol, developers commonly use Fetch or Axios. Both are similar, but some prefer Axios for their simplicity. However, Fetch, a built-in API, is also powerful and can do what Axios does.

What is Fetch?

The Fetch API provides a fetch() method defined on the window object. It also provides a JavaScript interface for accessing and manipulating parts of the HTTP pipeline (requests and responses). The fetch method has one mandatory argument- the URL of the resource to be fetched. This method returns a Promise that can be used to retrieve the response to the request. 

Syntax:

fetch('path-to-the-resource-to-be-fetched')
.then((response) => {
// Code for handling the response
})
.catch((error) => {
// Code for handling the error
});

What is Axios?

Axios is a Javascript library used to make HTTP requests from node.js or XMLHttpRequests from the browser and it supports the Promise API that is native to JS ES6. It can be used intercept HTTP requests and responses and enables client-side protection against XSRF. It also has the ability to cancel requests. 

Syntax: 

axios.get('url')
.then((response) => {
// Code for handling the response
})
.catch((error) => {
// Code for handling the error
})

Difference between Axios and Fetch :

Axios

Fetch

Axios has url in request object.

Fetch has no url in request object.

Axios is a stand-alone third party package that can be easily installed.

Fetch is built into most modern browsers; no installation is required as such.

Axios enjoys built-in XSRF protection.

Fetch does not.

Axios uses the data property.

Fetch uses the body property.

Axios data contains the object.

Fetch’s body has to be stringified.

Axios request is ok when status is 200 and statusText is ‘OK’.

Fetch request is ok when response object contains the ok property.

Axios performs automatic transforms of JSON data.

Fetch is a two-step process when handling JSON data- first, to make the actual request; second, to call the .json() method on the response.

Axios allows cancelling request and request timeout.

Fetch does not.

Axios has the ability to intercept HTTP requests.

Fetch, by default, doesn’t provide a way to intercept requests.

Axios has built-in support for download progress.

Fetch does not support upload progress.

Axios has wide browser support.

Fetch only supports Chrome 42+, Firefox 39+, Edge 14+, and Safari 10.1+ (This is known as Backward Compatibility).

Axios “GET” call ignores data content

Fetch “GET” call can have body content



Last Updated : 25 Dec, 2023
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