Cyclic shifts of integer N by another integer m
Given an integer N represented as a binary representation of X = 16 bits. We are also given a number ‘m’ and a character c which is either L or R. The task is to determine a number M that is generated after cyclically shifting the binary representation of N by m positions either left if c = L or right if c = R.
Input : N = 7881, m = 5, c = L
Output : 55587
N in binary is 0001 1110 1100 1001 and shifting it left by 5 positions, it becomes 1101 1001 0010 0011 which in the decimal system is 55587.
Input : N = 7881, m = 3, c = R
Output : 9177
N in binary is 0001 1110 1100 1001 and shifted 3 positions to right, it becomes 0010 0011 1101 1001 which in the decimal system is 9177.
To solve the problem mentioned above we observe that we have to right shift the number by m if the char is R, else we will do a left shift by m if the char is L where left shifts is equivalent to multiplying a number by 2, right shifts is equivalent to dividing a number by 2.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)