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Count of all possible values of X such that A % X = B

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 17 May, 2021

Given two integers A and B. The task is to find the count of all possible values X such that A % X = B. If there are an infinite number of possible values then print -1.
Examples: 
 

Input: A = 21, B = 5 
Output:
8 and 16 are the only valid values for X.
Input: A = 5, B = 5 
Output: -1 
X can have any value > 5 
 

 

Approach: There are three possible cases: 
 

  1. If A < B then no value of X can satisfy the given condition.
  2. If A = B then infinite solutions are possible. So, print -1 as X can be any value greater than A.
  3. If A > B then the number of divisors of (A – B) which are greater than B is the required count.

Below is the implementation of the above approach: 
 

C++




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the count
// of all possible values for x
// such that (A % x) = B
int countX(int a, int b)
{
    // Case 1
    if (b > a)
        return 0;
 
    // Case 2
    else if (a == b)
        return -1;
 
    // Case 3
    else {
        int x = a - b, ans = 0;
 
        // Find the number of divisors of x
        // which are greater than b
        for (int i = 1; i * i <= x; i++) {
            if (x % i == 0) {
                int d1 = i, d2 = b - 1;
                if (i * i != x)
                    d2 = x / i;
                if (d1 > b)
                    ans++;
                if (d2 > b)
                    ans++;
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int a = 21, b = 5;
 
    cout << countX(a, b);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation of the approach
class GFG
{
     
    // Function to return the count
    // of all possible values for x
    // such that (A % x) = B
    static int countX(int a, int b)
    {
        // Case 1
        if (b > a)
            return 0;
     
        // Case 2
        else if (a == b)
            return -1;
     
        // Case 3
        else
        {
            int x = a - b, ans = 0;
     
            // Find the number of divisors of x
            // which are greater than b
            for (int i = 1; i * i <= x; i++)
            {
                if (x % i == 0)
                {
                    int d1 = i, d2 = b - 1;
                    if (i * i != x)
                        d2 = x / i;
                    if (d1 > b)
                        ans++;
                    if (d2 > b)
                        ans++;
                }
            }
            return ans;
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    static public void main (String args[])
    {
        int a = 21, b = 5;
     
        System.out.println(countX(a, b));
     
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by AnkitRai01

Python 3




# Python 3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to return the count
# of all possible values for x
# such that (A % x) = B
def countX( a, b):
    # Case 1
    if (b > a):
        return 0
 
    # Case 2
    elif (a == b):
        return -1
 
    # Case 3
    else:
        x = a - b
        ans = 0
 
        # Find the number of divisors of x
        # which are greater than b
        i = 1
        while i * i <= x:
            if (x % i == 0):
                d1 = i
                d2 = b - 1
                if (i * i != x):
                    d2 = x // i
                if (d1 > b):
                    ans+=1
                if (d2 > b):
                    ans+=1
            i+=1
        return ans
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    a = 21
    b = 5
 
    print(countX(a, b))
     
    # This code is contributed by ChitraNayal

C#




// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
 
class GFG
{
     
    // Function to return the count
    // of all possible values for x
    // such that (A % x) = B
    static int countX(int a, int b)
    {
        // Case 1
        if (b > a)
            return 0;
     
        // Case 2
        else if (a == b)
            return -1;
     
        // Case 3
        else
        {
            int x = a - b, ans = 0;
     
            // Find the number of divisors of x
            // which are greater than b
            for (int i = 1; i * i <= x; i++)
            {
                if (x % i == 0)
                {
                    int d1 = i, d2 = b - 1;
                    if (i * i != x)
                        d2 = x / i;
                    if (d1 > b)
                        ans++;
                    if (d2 > b)
                        ans++;
                }
            }
            return ans;
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    static public void Main ()
    {
        int a = 21, b = 5;
     
        Console.WriteLine(countX(a, b));
     
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by anuj_67..

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript implementation of the approach
 
// Function to return the count
// of all possible values for x
// such that (A % x) = B
function countX(a, b)
{
    // Case 1
    if (b > a)
        return 0;
 
    // Case 2
    else if (a == b)
        return -1;
 
    // Case 3
    else {
        let x = a - b, ans = 0;
 
        // Find the number of divisors of x
        // which are greater than b
        for (let i = 1; i * i <= x; i++) {
            if (x % i == 0) {
                let d1 = i, d2 = b - 1;
                if (i * i != x)
                    d2 = parseInt(x / i);
                if (d1 > b)
                    ans++;
                if (d2 > b)
                    ans++;
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
}
 
// Driver code
    let a = 21, b = 5;
 
    document.write(countX(a, b));
 
</script>
Output: 
2

 




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