Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Count equal element pairs in the given array
  • Last Updated : 25 May, 2021

Given an array arr[] of N integers representing the lengths of the gloves, the task is to count the maximum possible pairs of gloves from the given array. Note that a glove can only pair with a same-sized glove and it can only be part of a single pair.

Examples: 

Input: arr[] = {6, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 2, 1} 
Output:
(arr[1], arr[4]) and (arr[2], arr[5]) are the only possible pairs.

Input: arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 1, 2} 
Output:

Simple Approach: Sort the given array so that all the equal elements are adjacent to each other. Now, traverse the array and for every element if it equal to the element next to it then it is a valid pair and skip these two elements. Else the current element doesn’t make a valid pair with any other element and hence only skip the current element.



Below is the implementation of the above approach:  

C++14




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the maximum
// possible pairs of gloves
int cntgloves(int arr[], int n)
{
    // To store the required count
    int count = 0;
 
    // Sort the original array
    sort(arr, arr + n);
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n - 1;) {
 
        // A valid pair is found
        if (arr[i] == arr[i + 1]) {
            count++;
 
            // Skip the elements of
            // the current pair
            i = i + 2;
        }
 
        // Current elements doesn't make
        // a valid pair with any other element
        else {
            i++;
        }
    }
    return count;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 6, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 2, 1 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    // Function call
    cout << cntgloves(arr, n);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation of the approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to return the maximum
    // possible pairs of gloves
    static int cntgloves(int arr[], int n)
    {
         
        // Sort the original array
        Arrays.sort(arr);
        int res = 0;
        int i = 0;
 
        while (i < n) {
             
            // take first number
            int number = arr[i];
            int count = 1;
            i++;
 
            // Count all duplicates
            while (i < n && arr[i] == number) {
                count++;
                i++;
            }
             
            // If we spotted number just 2
            // times, increment
            // result
            if (count >= 2) {
                res = res + count / 2;
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        int arr[] = {6, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 2, 1};
        int n = arr.length;
 
        // Function call
        System.out.println(cntgloves(arr, n));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Lakhan murmu

Python3




# Python3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to return the maximum
# possible pairs of gloves
 
 
def cntgloves(arr, n):
 
    # To store the required count
    count = 0
 
    # Sort the original array
    arr.sort()
    i = 0
    while i < (n-1):
 
        # A valid pair is found
        if (arr[i] == arr[i + 1]):
            count += 1
 
            # Skip the elements of
            # the current pair
            i = i + 2
 
        # Current elements doesn't make
        # a valid pair with any other element
        else:
            i += 1
 
    return count
 
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    arr = [6, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 2, 1]
    n = len(arr)
 
    # Function call
    print(cntgloves(arr, n))
 
    # This code is contributed by AnkitRai01

C#




// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to return the maximum
    // possible pairs of gloves
    static int cntgloves(int[] arr, int n)
    {
        // To store the required count
        int count = 0;
 
        // Sort the original array
        Array.Sort(arr);
 
        for (int i = 0; i < n - 1;) {
 
            // A valid pair is found
            if (arr[i] == arr[i + 1]) {
                count++;
 
                // Skip the elements of
                // the current pair
                i = i + 2;
            }
 
            // Current elements doesn't make
            // a valid pair with any other element
            else {
                i++;
            }
        }
        return count;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        int[] arr = { 6, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 2, 1 };
        int n = arr.Length;
 
        // Function call
        Console.WriteLine(cntgloves(arr, n));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Princi Singh

Javascript




<script>
 
    // Javascript implementation of the approach
 
    // Function to return the maximum
    // possible pairs of gloves
    function cntgloves(arr, n)
    {
          
        // Sort the original array
        arr.sort();
        let res = 0;
        let i = 0;
  
        while (i < n) {
              
            // take first number
            let number = arr[i];
            let count = 1;
            i++;
  
            // Count all duplicates
            while (i < n && arr[i] == number) {
                count++;
                i++;
            }
              
            // If we spotted number just 2
            // times, increment
            // result
            if (count >= 2) {
                res = res + Math.floor(count / 2);
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
 
     
    // Driver code
     
    let arr = [6, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 2, 1];
        let n = arr.length;
  
        // Function call
        document.write(cntgloves(arr, n));
  
 // This code is contributed by susmitakundugoaldanga.
</script>
Output: 
2

 

Efficient Approach 
1) Create an empty hash table (unordered_map in C++, HashMap in Java, Dictionary in Python) 
2) Store frequencies of all elements. 
3) Traverse through the hash table. For every element, find its frequency. Increment the result by frequency/2 for every element,

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with industry experts, please refer Geeks Classes Live 




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :