Count consonants in a string (Iterative and recursive methods)

Given a string, count total number of consonants in it. A consonant is a English alphabet character that is not vowel (a, e, i, o and u). Examples of constants are b, c, d, f, g, ..

Examples :

Input : abc de
Output : 3
There are three consonants b, c and d.

Input : geeksforgeeks portal
Output : 12



1. Iterative Method

C++

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// Iterative CPP program to count total number
// of consonants 
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to check for consonant
bool isConsonant(char ch)
{
    // To handle lower case
    ch = toupper(ch);
  
    return !(ch == 'A' || ch == 'E' || 
            ch == 'I' || ch == 'O' || 
            ch == 'U') && ch >= 65 && ch <= 90;
}
  
int totalConsonants(string str)
{
    int count = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) 
  
        // To check is character is Consonant
        if (isConsonant(str[i]))
            ++count;
    return count;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string str = "abc de";
    cout << totalConsonants(str);
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Iterative Java program
// to count total number
// of consonants 
  
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to check for consonant
    static boolean isConsonant(char ch)
    {
        // To handle lower case
        ch = Character.toUpperCase(ch);
       
        return !(ch == 'A' || ch == 'E' || 
                ch == 'I' || ch == 'O' || 
                ch == 'U') && ch >= 65 && ch <= 90;
    }
   
    static int totalConsonants(String str)
    {
        int count = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) 
       
            // To check is character is Consonant
            if (isConsonant(str.charAt(i)))
                ++count;
        return count;
    }
      
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String str = "abc de";
        System.out.println( totalConsonants(str));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Nikita Tiwari.

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Python3

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# Iterative Python3 program to count 
# total number of consonants 
  
# Function to check for consonant
def isConsonant(ch):
      
    # To handle lower case
    ch = ch.upper()
  
    return not (ch == 'A' or ch == 'E' or 
                ch == 'I' or ch == 'O' or 
                ch == 'U') and ord(ch) >= 65 and ord(ch) <= 90
  
def totalConsonants(string):
      
    count = 0
      
    for i in range(len(string)):
  
        # To check is character is Consonant
        if (isConsonant(string[i])):
            count += 1
              
    return count
  
# Driver code
string = "abc de"
print(totalConsonants(string))
  
  
# This code id contributed by Ansu Kumari.

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C#

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// Iterative C# program to count 
// total number of consonants 
using System;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to check for consonant
    static bool isConsonant(char ch)
    {
        // To handle lower case
        ch = Char.ToUpper(ch);
      
        return !(ch == 'A' || ch == 'E' || 
                 ch == 'I' || ch == 'O' || 
                 ch == 'U') && ch >= 65 && ch <= 90;
    }
  
    static int totalConsonants(String str)
    {
        int count = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < str.Length; i++) 
      
            // To check is character is Consonant
            if (isConsonant(str[i]))
                ++count;
        return count;
    }
      
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
        String str = "abc de";
        Console.Write( totalConsonants(str));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.

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PHP

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<?php 
// Iterative PHP program to count total number
// of consonants 
   
// Function to check for consonant
function isConsonant($ch)
{
    // To handle lower case
    $ch = strtoupper($ch);
   
    return !($ch == 'A' || $ch == 'E' || 
            $ch == 'I' || $ch == 'O' || 
            $ch == 'U') && ord($ch) >= 65 && ord($ch) <= 90;
}
   
function totalConsonants($str)
{
    $count = 0;
    for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($str); $i++) 
   
        // To check is character is Consonant
        if (isConsonant($str[$i]))
            ++$count;
    return $count;
}
   
// Driver code
  
$str = "abc de";
echo totalConsonants($str);
return 0;
 // This code is contributed by Ita_c.
?>

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Output:

3

2. Recursive Method

C++

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// Recursive CPP program to count total number
// of consonants 
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to check for consonant
bool isConsonant(char ch)
{
    // To handle lower case
    ch = toupper(ch);
  
    return !(ch == 'A' || ch == 'E' || 
            ch == 'I' || ch == 'O' || 
            ch == 'U') && ch >= 65 && ch <= 90;
}
  
// to count total number of consonants from 
// 0 to n-1
int totalConsonants(string str, int n)
{
    if (n == 1)
        return isConsonant(str[0]);
  
    return totalConsonants(str, n - 1) + 
           isConsonant(str[n-1]);
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string str = "abc de";
    cout << totalConsonants(str, str.length());
    return 0;
}

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Python3

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# Recursive Python3 program to count 
# total number of consonants 
  
# Function to check for consonant
def isConsonant(ch):
      
    # To handle lower case
    ch = ch.upper()
  
    return not (ch == 'A' or ch == 'E' or 
                ch == 'I' or ch == 'O' or 
                ch == 'U') and ord(ch) >= 65 and ord(ch) <= 90
  
# To count total number of  
# consonants from 0 to n-1
def totalConsonants(string, n):
      
    if n == 1:
        return isConsonant(string[0])
  
    return totalConsonants(string, n - 1) + isConsonant(string[n-1])
  
  
# Driver code
string = "abc de"
print(totalConsonants(string, len(string)))
  
  
# This code is contributed by Ansu Kuamri.

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Output :

3

Illustration of recursive method:



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Improved By : nitin mittal, Ita_c