Construct a linked list from 2D matrix

Given a matrix. Convert it into a linked list matrix such that each node is connected to its next right and down node.

Example:

Input : 2D matrix 
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9

Output :
1 -> 2 -> 3 -> NULL
|    |    |
v    v    v
4 -> 5 -> 6 -> NULL
|    |    |
v    v    v
7 -> 8 -> 9 -> NULL
|    |    |
v    v    v
NULL NULL NULL

Question Source : Factset Interview Experience | Set 9

The idea is to construct a new node for every element of matrix and recursively create its down and right nodes.

C++

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// CPP program to construct a linked list
// from given 2D matrix
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// struct node of linked list
struct Node {
    int data;
    Node* right, *down;
};
  
// returns head pointer of linked list
// constructed from 2D matrix
Node* construct(int arr[][3], int i, int j, 
                              int m, int n)
{
    // return if i or j is out of bounds
    if (i > n - 1 || j > m - 1)
        return NULL;
  
    // create a new node for current i and j
    // and recursively allocate its down and
    // right pointers
    Node* temp = new Node();
    temp->data = arr[i][j];
    temp->right = construct(arr, i, j + 1, m, n);
    temp->down  = construct(arr, i + 1, j, m, n);
    return temp;
}
  
// utility function for displaying
// linked list data
void display(Node* head)
{
    // pointer to move right
    Node* Rp;
  
    // pointer to move down
    Node* Dp = head;
  
    // loop till node->down is not NULL
    while (Dp) {
        Rp = Dp;
  
        // loop till node->right is not NULL
        while (Rp) {
            cout << Rp->data << " ";
            Rp = Rp->right;
        }
        cout << "\n";
        Dp = Dp->down;
    }
}
  
// driver program
int main()
{
    // 2D matrix
    int arr[][3] = {
        { 1, 2, 3 },
        { 4, 5, 6 },
        { 7, 8, 9 }
    };
  
    int m = 3, n = 3;
    Node* head = construct(arr, 0, 0, m, n);
    display(head);
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Java program to construct a linked list
// from given 2D matrix
public class Linked_list_2D_Matrix {
  
    // node of linked list
    static class Node {
        int data;
        Node right;
        Node down;
    };
  
    // returns head pointer of linked list
    // constructed from 2D matrix
    static Node construct(int arr[][], int i, int j, 
                                     int m, int n) {
          
        // return if i or j is out of bounds
        if (i > n - 1 || j > m - 1)
            return null;
  
        // create a new node for current i and j
        // and recursively allocate its down and
        // right pointers
        Node temp = new Node();
        temp.data = arr[i][j];
        temp.right = construct(arr, i, j + 1, m, n);
        temp.down = construct(arr, i + 1, j, m, n);
        return temp;
    }
  
    // utility function for displaying
    // linked list data
    static void display(Node head) {
          
        // pointer to move right
        Node Rp;
  
        // pointer to move down
        Node Dp = head;
  
        // loop till node->down is not NULL
        while (Dp != null) {
            Rp = Dp;
  
            // loop till node->right is not NULL
            while (Rp != null) {
                System.out.print(Rp.data + " ");
                Rp = Rp.right;
            }
            System.out.println();
            Dp = Dp.down;
        }
    }
  
    // driver program
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        // 2D matrix
        int arr[][] = { { 1, 2, 3 }, 
                        { 4, 5, 6 }, 
                       { 7, 8, 9 } };
  
        int m = 3, n = 3;
        Node head = construct(arr, 0, 0, m, n);
        display(head);
    }
  
}
// This code is contributed by Sumit Ghosh

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C#

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// C# program to construct a linked list
// from given 2D matrix
using System;
      
public class Linked_list_2D_Matrix
{
  
    // node of linked list
    public class Node 
    {
        public int data;
        public Node right;
        public Node down;
    };
  
    // returns head pointer of linked list
    // constructed from 2D matrix
    static Node construct(int [,]arr, int i, int j, 
                                    int m, int n) 
    {
          
        // return if i or j is out of bounds
        if (i > n - 1 || j > m - 1)
            return null;
  
        // create a new node for current i and j
        // and recursively allocate its down and
        // right pointers
        Node temp = new Node();
        temp.data = arr[i, j];
        temp.right = construct(arr, i, j + 1, m, n);
        temp.down = construct(arr, i + 1, j, m, n);
        return temp;
    }
  
    // utility function for displaying
    // linked list data
    static void display(Node head)
    {
          
        // pointer to move right
        Node Rp;
  
        // pointer to move down
        Node Dp = head;
  
        // loop till node->down is not NULL
        while (Dp != null
        {
            Rp = Dp;
  
            // loop till node->right is not NULL
            while (Rp != null
            {
                Console.Write(Rp.data + " ");
                Rp = Rp.right;
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
            Dp = Dp.down;
        }
    }
  
    // Driver program
    public static void Main() 
    {
        // 2D matrix
        int [,]arr = { { 1, 2, 3 }, 
                        { 4, 5, 6 }, 
                    { 7, 8, 9 } };
  
        int m = 3, n = 3;
        Node head = construct(arr, 0, 0, m, n);
        display(head);
    }
}
  
/* This code contributed by PrinciRaj1992 */

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Output:

1 2 3 
4 5 6 
7 8 9

This article is contributed by Mandeep Singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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Improved By : princiraj1992