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What is a Compound Noun? Definition, Types & Examples

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Compound Noun

Compound Noun

Compound nouns are used to identify a class of people, places, things or a particular name. It is an important topic for all students, especially for those who are preparing for competitive examinations. One or more questions from this topic are asked in every competitive examination.

Also Read:

What is a Compound Noun? 

A compound noun is a type of noun that is formed by combining two or more words to create a new noun. There are three types of compound nouns, including Open or spaced compound nouns, hyphenated compound nouns, and closed or solid compound nouns.

Definition of Compound Noun : 

“Compound Noun is a noun that is made with two or more words together.” 

We can also say – “Compound Nouns are made by joining more than one word together.” 

Types of Compound Nouns –

There are three main types of Compound Nouns

1. Closed or Solid Compound Nouns

2. Spaced or Open Compound Nouns

3. Hyphenated Compound Nouns

Closed or Solid Compound Nouns : 

Closed or Solid Compound Noun is made up by joining two words without any spaces or hyphens. 

Examples: Sunflower, Football, Bathroom, Rainfall etc.

Spaced or Open Compound Nouns : 

It is made up of joining two words with a space. 

Examples : Cricket bat, Fast food, Ice cream, Rain forest etc. 

Hyphenated Compound Nouns : 

Hyphenated Compound Noun is made up by joining two or more words by a hyphen. 

Examples : Mother-in-law, Self – esteem, Father-in-law etc. 

Compound Nouns Examples 

Washing machine, Greenhouse, Dining – table, Bus stop, Swimming pool, Sunrise, Sunset, Blackboard, Whiteboard, Mother – in – law, Output, Check – out, Check-in, Haircut, Hotspot, Smartphone, Hardware, Long lasting, Underline, Underground, Shutdown, Input, Overthrow. 

Forming Compound Nouns with all Parts of Speech  

Compound Nouns can be formed by combining different parts of speech such as noun, verb, preposition and adjective. Here we form compound Nouns with the help of all parts of speech. A compound noun can be a common noun, proper noun or an abstract noun.

Noun + Noun 

NounNounCompound Noun
BusStopBus stop
FootBallFootball 
AirPortAirport 
Basket BallBasketball 
RailwayStation Railway station 

Noun + Verb 

NounVerbCompound Noun
SunRiseSunrise 
SunSetSunset
FootPrintFootprint 
SnowFallSnowfall
RainFallRainfall 

Noun + Preposition

NounPreposition Compound Noun
Motherin – lawMother – in – law
Sonin – lawSon – in – law
Brother in – lawBrother – in – law

Preposition + Verb 

Preposition VerbCompound Noun 
InPutInput
OutPutOutput
InTakeIntake
OverThrowOverthrow

Verb + Preposition

VerbPreposition Compound Noun 
CheckInCheck-in
Check OutCheck – out
BreakDownBreakdown
BuildUpBuild up 
ShutDownShutdown 

Preposition + Noun 

Preposition NounCompound Noun 
UnderLineUnderline 
UnderGround Underground 
OffShoreOffshore 
UpStairsUpstairs 
OverNightOvernight 

Adjective + Noun 

Adjective NounCompound Noun 
BlackBoard Blackboard 
WhiteBoard Whiteboard 
HardWareHardware 
HotSpotHotspot 
SoftWareSoftware 

Adjective + Verb 

Adjective VerbCompound Noun 
LongLasting Long-lasting 
EverLasting Everlasting 
HighLight Highlight
LongAwaited Long awaited 

List of Compound Nouns

Washing machine, Greenhouse, Dining – table, Bus stop, Swimming pool, Sunrise, Sunset, Blackboard, Whiteboard, Mother – in – law, Output, Check – out , Check – in , Haircut , Hotspot, Smartphone , Hardware, Long lasting, Underline, Underground, Shutdown, Input, Overthrow. 

Rules for Compound Noun

1. When the compound noun is singular or a single word, make it plural by adding s to the end.

Examples : 

Underline – underlines 

Hotspot – hotspots

2. When the compound noun is hyphenated or separated, make it plural by adding s to the word that is plural. 

Example : 

Mother-in-law = Two mothers-in-law 

Difference between Compound Nouns and Collective Noun

A collective noun is a single word which refers to a group or a team and that can be singular or plural. 

Examples : 

flock = A group of birds 

Troop = A group of army 

Team = A group of player 

A compound noun is made up of more than one word. 

Examples : 

Blackboard = black + board 

Ice cream = Ice + cream 

Overnight = over + night 

Practice Questions/Quiz 

Read the sentences carefully and identify the compound nouns given below.

1. Write something on the blackboard.

2. My teacher had a heart attack.

3. They swim in the swimming pool. 

4. Rahul’s father-in-law went to America last month. 

5. My friend booked a dining – table for his colleagues in a restaurant. 

6. In 2022, Argentina won the FIFA football match. 

7. Do not drive without a driving licence.

8. Please underline the word. 

9. Due to inflation, many  Chinese companies shut down their company. 

10. She is my mother-in-law. 

Answer 

1. blackboard

2. heart attack

3. swimming pool

4. father – in – law

5. dining – table

6. football

7. driving licence.

8. underline

9. shutdown

10. mother-in-law. 

Also Check:

FAQs on Compound Noun

Q1. What is a Compound Nouns? 

A compound Noun is a noun that is made with two or more words together.

Compound Nouns are made by joining more than one word together. 

Q2. What are 10 examples of Compound Nouns? 

1. blackboard

2. heart attack

3. swimming pool

4. father – in – law

5. dining – table

6. football

7. driving licence.

8. underline

9. shutdown

10. mother-in-law.

Q3. What are 3 Compound Nouns? 

Blackboard, Hotspot, Input.
 

Q4. What are 10 examples of compound nouns?

Compound nouns are formed by combining two or more words to create a single noun that represents a specific concept or thing. Here are 10 examples of compound nouns:

1. Toothbrush: A brush for cleaning teeth.

2. Bookstore: A store where books are sold.

3. Raincoat: A coat designed to keep you dry in the rain.

4. Mailbox: A box for receiving mail.

5. Lighthouse: A tall structure with a light to guide ships.

6. Soccer ball: A ball used in the game of soccer.

7. Airplane: A powered flying vehicle.

8. Coffee cup: A cup for drinking coffee.

9. Firefighter: A person who fights fires.

10. Hairbrush: A brush for grooming hair.

Compound nouns are common in English and help to describe a wide range of objects, concepts, and activities. They can be written as one word, hyphenated, or as separate words, depending on the specific compound and language conventions.

Q5. What is compound noun easy?

A compound noun is a noun that is formed by combining two or more words to create a single noun that represents a specific concept or thing. These words can be written as one word, hyphenated, or as separate words, depending on the specific compound and language conventions. Compound nouns are used to describe a wide range of objects, concepts, and activities. For example, “toothbrush” is a compound noun formed by combining “tooth” and “brush” to describe the tool used for cleaning teeth.

Q6. What is a compound noun in ielts?

In IELTS, a “compound noun” is when two or more words combine to form a single noun. Understanding and using compound nouns correctly is essential for both written and spoken English proficiency, as they often appear in various IELTS exam sections. Examples include “healthcare system,” “technology advancements,” and “income inequality.”




Last Updated : 13 Sep, 2023
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