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Proper Noun – Definition, Examples, & Rules

Last Updated : 27 Mar, 2024
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There are two primary categories of nouns: common and proper. Proper nouns are name words that are used to designate or categorize a particular person, place, or thing, whereas common nouns are generic. Make sure that the first letter of a proper noun is always capitalized.

Read through the following sections to gain a detailed understanding of proper nouns and how they are used in sentences.

Proper-Nouns

What is a Proper Noun?

A name that begins with a capital letter and is used to identify a certain person, place, or organization. Frequently in contrast to the common noun.

Proper Noun Definition

A Noun is referred to as a Proper Noun when it specifically names a person, place, or thing. It is an important topic regarding parts of speech. Regardless of where they appear in a sentence, the words that fall under this category of Proper Nouns always start with a capital letter. 

Proper Noun Examples in Sentences

• Sten read the book to his son.
• The family decorated their home for Christmas.
• The Redfort is in Delhi.
• In history class we learned about World War II.
• My favourite novel is The Wings of fire.
• Seven students travelled to London during their spring break.

Examples of Proper Nouns and Common Nouns

Proper Noun  Common Noun
Britain  Country
Ganga River
Dog Animal
Bees Insects
Tata Company
Rolls Royce Car

Types of Proper Noun

  1. People’s Names: This is the most common type of proper noun. It includes first names (like Sarah or Michael), last names (like Smith or Johnson), and titles when they’re part of a name (like Doctor Jones or Queen Elizabeth).
  2. Geographical Names: These are names given to specific places on Earth. They can include continents (like Africa), countries (like Brazil), states or provinces (like Texas or Ontario), cities (like Paris), oceans (like the Atlantic Ocean), rivers (like the Nile River), and mountains (like Mount Everest).
  3. Names of Days and Months: Days of the week (like Monday or Friday) and months of the year (like January or July) are also proper nouns. However, seasons (like summer or winter) are not usually considered proper nouns unless they’re part of a title or a specific event.
  4. Holidays and Festivals: Names of specific holidays and festivals are proper nouns too. This includes religious and cultural celebrations (like Christmas, Hanukkah, Diwali, or Ramadan).
  5. Organizations and Institutions: Names of specific schools, universities, companies, government bodies, and other organizations are proper nouns. Examples include Harvard University, the United Nations, and Microsoft.
  6. Brand Names: These are specific names given to products or services by companies. Apple, Nike, and Coca-Cola are all examples of brand names.
  7. Works of Art and Literature: Titles of books, movies, songs, paintings, and other creative works are proper nouns. Examples include “The Great Gatsby,” “Starry Night,” and “Bohemian Rhapsody.”
  8. Historical Events and Periods: Specific events in history and historical periods are named with proper nouns. Examples include the Renaissance, the French Revolution, and World War II.

Difference Between Common Nouns and Proper Nouns

The major distinction between a proper noun and a common noun is that the former is the term used to refer to something in an official capacity. They do not allude to a certain class, like Mango. Common nouns, on the other hand, are still names, but they denote a specific style rather than the actual name, such as fruit. As a result, the fruit is a common noun while the mango is a proper noun.
A proper noun is a specific name for a person, group, thing, or location. In English grammar, proper nouns play a vital role in speech. Understanding the differences between subjects, objects, and verbs aids with English language learning. In a sentence, proper nouns are usually capitalized. Every language generally has proper nouns.

Common nouns are used to identify a group of things or living things. A common noun is one of the main nouns in English grammar; without one, a sentence cannot be finished. Common nouns frequently refer to things and persons, although they have nothing to do with the formal names of particular things.

Common Noun vs Proper Noun

Common Nouns Proper Nouns
  • Home
  • Planet
  • Door
  • Bear
  • State
  • Table
  • School
  • Curtain
  • The White House
  • The Jupiter
  • Queen Elizabeth
  • The Global Public School
  • Denmark
  • The Taj Hotel
  • The Sun
  • The India Gate

Articles with Proper Nouns

When referring to individuals, places, or things by their proper nouns, we do not use articles. An architect, Alice. Mary is my friend, NOT Alice or Alice. NOT a Mary India’s capital is Delhi. However, we use “the” after plural names. The Smiths and I are eating supper together.

Proper Noun Capitalization Rules

No matter where a proper noun comes in a sentence, the basic rule for proper nouns states that the first letter of the noun should be capitalized, e.g., Sean works at the movie auditorium, and the group took a trip to Paris last year. In both examples, the proper noun was capitalized even though Paris was in the middle of the sentence.

Proper Noun Quiz/Exercise

Underline the Proper Noun in the following sentences

• United States of America is the biggest economy in the world.
• She met Joshep at the office.
• Millions of people speak English as a second language.
• He comes from Britain.
• The Ganga is the holy river of India.
• Neptune is the 8th planet in our solar system.
• Sten is my classmate.
• Which is the capital city of Nigeria?
• Antarctica is the smallest continent in the world.

Answer’s

United States of America is the biggest economy in the world.
• She met Joshep at the office.
• Millions of people speak English as a second language.
• He comes from Britain.
• The Ganga is the holy river of India.
Neptune is the 8th planet in our solar system.
Sten is my classmate.
• Which is the capital city of Nigeria?
• Antarctica is the smallest continent in the world.

Also Read:

Proper Noun- FAQs

Q1. What is the definition of a Proper Noun? 
 

Answer. A name that begins with a capital letter and is used to identify a certain person, place, or organization. Frequently in contrast to the common noun.
 

Q2. What is a Proper Noun & write 5 examples?
 

Answer. A Noun is referred to as a Proper Noun when it specifically names a person, place, or thing. Regardless of where they appear in a sentence, the words that fall under this category of Proper Nouns always start with a capital letter, e.g., Sten, Bat, Football, Russia, Bees.

 Q3. Should we capitalize all Nouns?

Answer. No, only the Proper noun is capitalized because they tell us the name of a particular person, place, or thing.

Q 4. Is a dog a Proper Noun? 
 

Answer. When Dog is used to specify an animal, it is called a proper noun, but a dog can also be a common noun as it is a general term to refer to all breeds of dog.



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