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Irregular Verb

Irregular Verb


Irregular verbs are an important type of verb in the English language. It does not follow normal rules of grammar. It is an important topic for all students, especially for those who are preparing for competitive examinations. In this article, we will delve into the world of irregular verbs, and explore their characteristics, types, and common example of verbs. by the end of this article, you have a solid understanding of irregular verbs and be better equipped to use them correctly in your daily conversations and writing.

What are Irregular Verbs? 

Irregular verbs are a subgroup of verbs that do not allow the typical conjunction pattern of regular verbs. Irregular verbs do not follow the normal rule of grammar. Irregular verbs differ from regular verbs in that way you can not predict the past form or 2nd form of a verb from its first or base form. As it does not follow normal rules, you have to memorize these verbs. 

Definition of Irregular verbs

Irregular verbs are verbs that do not follow the usual rules of grammar. The forms of irregular verbs can not be changed by adding ‘ed’ or ‘d’ to the end. Irregular verbs do not follow the usual rules of grammar for the tense and past participle. Irregular verbs have their own unique tense forms and past participle. For irregular verbs, you have to change the inside vowel of a verb in most cases. For example, ‘swim’ changes to ‘swam’ and ‘swum’. 

For Example – Have, Say, Make, Lose, Bring, Think, Catch, Keep, Hold, Find, Teach, Buy, Tell, Put, Know, Begin, Drink, Write, Speak, Grow, Get, Go, Come, Become, etc. 

Using Irregular Verbs in Sentences

To use irregular verbs correctly, it is essential to understand their conjugation in different tenses. Here are some examples of irregular verbs used in sentences:

  • She went to the store yesterday.
  • They have had a great time on their vacation.
  • He did his homework earlier today.
  • We saw a beautiful sunset at the beach.
  • I have eaten dinner already.

Forms of Irregular Verbs

There are three forms of an irregular verb. 

  • 1st form or present simple form.
  • 2nd form or simple past form.
  • 3rd form or Past participle form. 

Types of Irregular Verbs

There are a few types of irregular verbs that can be found. Here we discuss these types of irregular verbs given below. 

Type 1: Irregular Verbs with the same base form, past simple and past participle  

Base form

Past simple 

Past participle 

Put

Put

Put

Hit

Hit

Hit

Cost

Cost

Cost

Cast

Cast

Cast

Spread

Spread 

Spread 

Let

Let

Let

Cut

Cut

Cut

Set

Set

Set

Shed

Shed

Shed

Split

Split

Split

Hust

Hust

Hust

Type 2: Irregular Verbs with the same past simple and past participle  

Base form

Past simple 

Past participle 

Hold

Held

Held

Lend

Lent

Lent

Find

Found

Found

Wind

Wound

Wound

Lead

Led

Led

Spend

Spent

Spent

Bring

Brought 

Brought 

Teach

Taught 

Taught 

Catch

Caught 

Caught 

Buy

Bought

Bought

Win

Won

Won

Dig

Dug

Dug

Say

Said

Said

Type 3: Irregular Verbs with the same Base form and Past participle  

Base form 

Past simple 

Past participle 

Run

Ran

Run

Come

Came

Come

Become 

Became 

Become 

Overcome 

Overcame 

Overcome 

Type 4: Irregular Verbs with different Base forms, Past simple and Past participle  

Base form 

Past simple 

Past participle 

Fly

Flew

Flown 

Arise

Arose

Arisen

Awake

Awoke

Awoken

Wake

Woke

Woken

Bite

Bit

Bitten

Bear

Bore

Born

Bear

Bore

Borne

Fall

Fell

Fallen 

Write

Wrote

Written 

Wear

Wore

Worn

Withdraw 

Withdrew 

Withdrawn 

Steal

Stole

Stolen

Rise

Rose

Risen

Ring

Rang

Rung

Ride

Rode

Ridden

Characteristics of Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs exhibit distinct characteristics that set them apart from regular verbs. Here are some key irregular verbs:

1. Unpredictable Past Tense

  • Irregular verbs have an irregular past tense form that does not follow a consistent pattern. For Example, the past tense of “go” is “went,” and the past tense of “sing” is “sang.”

2. Unpredictable Past Participle

  • Same to the past tense, irregular verbs also have irregular past participle forms. The past participle is commonly used in compound verb tenses such as the present perfect and past perfect. Examples of irregular past participles include “broken,” “written,” and “eaten.”

3. Vowel Changes

  • most irregular verbs undergo vowel changes in their different forms. For instance, the verb “drink” changes its vowel sound from “i” in the base form to “u” in the past tense and past participle, becoming “drank” and “drunk,” respectively.

List of Irregular Verbs 

Have, Say, Make, Lose, Bring, Think, Catch, Keep, Hold, Find, Teach, Buy, Tell, Put, Know, Begin, Drink, Write, Speak, Grow, Get, Go, Come, Become,  See, Go, Know, Get, Give, Tell, Come, Run, Send, Win, Steal, Speak, Swim etc. 

Irregular Verbs Examples

Set 1 – Irregular Verbs with the Same Spelling across All Forms

Regular Verbs vs. Irregular Verbs 

Regular Verbs 

Irregular Verbs 

2nd form can be made easily by adding ‘ed’

You can not predict the 2nd form easily.

2nd form is formed by adding ‘ed’ to the first form. 

Examples: Care – cared, add – added

2nd form is formed by changing the vowel in the middle of the verb. 

Examples: Tell – Told, do – did

2nd and 3rd forms are always alike.

2nd  and 3rd forms are not alike. 

It has four form verbs. 

It has five or three form verbs.

Unlimited in number.

Limited in number, approximately over 200.

Irregular Verb Exercise 

1. Someone has __________ (use the past participle form of steal) my purse. 

2. Have you ________ (  use the past participle form of do) this work? 

3. The innocent girl ___________ ( use the past simple form of break) the toy by mistake. 

4. I was _________ ( use the past participle form of losing) my mobile. 

5. Today Rahul _________ ( use the past simple form of buy) a new car. 

6. After working two days, some workers _______ ( use the past simple form of leave) the job. 

7. The drunk man ________ ( use the past simple form of hit) the bike. 

8. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was ___________ ( use the past participle form of fight) for freedom. 

9. Argentina _______ ( use the past simple form of win) the FIFA 2022 Cup. 

10. Has the class _________ ( use the past participle form of begin) yet? 

Answer :  

1. Stolen 

2. Done 

3. Broke 

4. Lost 

5. Bought 

6. Left 

7. Hit 

8. Fought

9. Won

10. Begun 

FAQ’s on Irregular Verbs in English

Q1. What are irregular verbs? 

Irregular verbs do not follow the normal rule of grammar. Irregular verbs differ from regular verbs in that way you can not predict the past form or 2nd form of a verb from its first or base form. As it does not follow normal rules, you have to memorize these verbs. 

Q2. What is the definition of irregular verbs? 

Irregular verbs are verbs that do not follow the usual rules of grammar. The forms of irregular verbs can not be changed by adding ‘ed’ or ‘d’ to the end. 

Q3. What are the 4 types of irregular verbs? 

  • Type 1: Verbs with the same base form, past simple and past participle. 
  • Type 2: Verbs with the same past simple and past participle. 
  • Type 3: verbs with the same Base form and Past participle. 
  • Type 4: Verbs with different Base forms, Past simple and Past participle. 

Q4. What are examples of irregular verbs?  

Have, Say, Make, Lose, Bring, Think, Catch, Keep, Hold, Find, Teach, Buy, Tell, Put, Know, Begin, Drink, Write, Speak, Grow, Get, Go, Come, Become,  See, Go, Know, Get, Give, Tell, Come, Run, Send, Win, Steal, Speak, Swim etc. 

Q5. What is V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 list?

In the context of verb conjugation, we use five distinct forms denoted as V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5. V1 represents the base form of the verb, V2 is the simple past form, V3 is the past participle form, V4 is the third-person singular present form, and V5 is the present participle form.



Last Updated : 30 Nov, 2023
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