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Check if n is divisible by power of 2 without using arithmetic operators
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 05 Mar, 2021

Given two positive integers n and m. The problem is to check whether n is divisible by 2m or not without using arithmetic operators.
Examples: 
 

Input : n = 8, m = 2
Output : Yes

Input : n = 14, m = 3
Output : No

 

Approach: If a number is divisible by 2 then it has its least significant bit (LSB) set to 0, if divisible by 4 then two LSB’s set to 0, if by 8 then three LSB’s set to 0 and so on. Keeping this in mind, a number n is divisible by 2m if (n & ((1 << m) – 1)) is equal to 0 else not.
 

C++




// C++ implementation to chech whether n
// is divisible by pow(2, m)
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
 
using namespace std;
 
// function to chech whether n
// is divisible by pow(2, m)
bool isDivBy2PowerM(unsigned int n,
                    unsigned int m)
{
    // if expression results to 0, then
    // n is divisible by pow(2, m)
    if ((n & ((1 << m) - 1)) == 0)
        return true;
 
    // n is not divisible
    return false;
}
 
// Driver program to test above
int main()
{
    unsigned int n = 8, m = 2;
    if (isDivBy2PowerM(n, m))
        cout << "Yes";
    else
        cout << "No";
    return 0;
}

Java




// JAVA Code for Check if n is divisible 
// by power of 2 without using arithmetic
// operators
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
     
    // function to chech whether n
    // is divisible by pow(2, m)
    static boolean isDivBy2PowerM(int n,
                                    int m)
    {
        // if expression results to 0, then
        // n is divisible by pow(2, m)
        if ((n & ((1 << m) - 1)) == 0)
            return true;
      
        // n is not divisible
        return false;
    }
     
    /* Driver program to test above function */
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
            int n = 8, m = 2;
             
            if (isDivBy2PowerM(n, m))
                System.out.println("Yes");
            else
                System.out.println("No");
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Arnav Kr. Mandal.

Python3




# Python3 implementation to chech
# whether n is divisible by pow(2, m)
 
# function to chech whether n
# is divisible by pow(2, m)
def isDivBy2PowerM (n, m):
     
    # if expression results to 0, then
    # n is divisible by pow(2, m)
    if (n & ((1 << m) - 1)) == 0:
        return True
         
    # n is not divisible
    return False
 
# Driver program to test above
n = 8
m = 2
if isDivBy2PowerM(n, m):
    print("Yes")
else:
    print( "No")
     
# This code is contributed by "Sharad_Bhardwaj".

C#




// C# Code for Check if n is divisible
// by power of 2 without using arithmetic
// operators
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    // function to chech whether n
    // is divisible by pow(2, m)
    static bool isDivBy2PowerM(int n, int m)
    {
        // if expression results to 0, then
        // n is divisible by pow(2, m)
        if ((n & ((1 << m) - 1)) == 0)
            return true;
 
        // n is not divisible
        return false;
    }
 
    /* Driver program to test above function */
    public static void Main()
    {
        int n = 8, m = 2;
 
        if (isDivBy2PowerM(n, m))
            Console.Write("Yes");
        else
            Console.Write("No");
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Sam007

PHP




<?php
// PHP implementation to chech whether
// n is divisible by pow(2, m)
 
// function to chech whether n
// is divisible by pow(2, m)
function isDivBy2PowerM($n, $m)
{
     
    // if expression results to 0, then
    // n is divisible by pow(2, m)
    if (($n & ((1 << $m) - 1)) == 0)
        return true;
 
    // n is not divisible
    return false;
}
 
    // Driver Code
    $n = 8;
    $m = 2;
    if (isDivBy2PowerM($n, $m))
        echo "Yes";
    else
        echo "No";
 
// This code is contributed by ajit
?>

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript implementation to chech whether n
// is divisible by pow(2, m)
 
// function to chech whether n
// is divisible by pow(2, m)
function isDivBy2PowerM(n, m)
{
    // if expression results to 0, then
    // n is divisible by pow(2, m)
    if ((n & ((1 << m) - 1)) == 0)
        return true;
 
    // n is not divisible
    return false;
}
 
// Driver program to test above
 
    let n = 8, m = 2;
    if (isDivBy2PowerM(n, m))
        document.write("Yes");
    else
        document.write("No");
 
// This code is contributed by Surbhi Tyagi.
 
</script>

Output: 

Yes

 



 

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