|A single firm manages and owns a centralized program cyber-attacks Raible, which runs on a single server or cluster of servers.
|On a blockchain network, a decentralized app, or “dApp,” runs.
|The user interacts with a traditional program.
|The User interacts with a Smart contract-based blockchain.
|The user gets the app from the app store and utilizes it by sending requests/information to a centralized server or cluster of servers. The server processes the request and responds appropriately after receiving it.
|In the case of DApps, there is no such requirement of downloading the app instead the user must pay a set amount (in cryptocurrency) to the developer to use these apps. The user has the facility to download the application’s source code via a “smart contract,” which is a collection of code, logic, and data that can be used to execute the application.
|The centralized application’s backend code operates on centralized servers.
|The decentralized application’s backend code operates on a peer-to-peer network.
|Examples include- Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft, Twitter, Instagram, Netflix, WhatsApp
|Examples include- Some of the popular dApps in the market are Uniswap, CryptoKitties, Rarible, IDEX, MakerDAO, CryptoPunks, BitTorrent, Audius, and MetaMask
|Centralized Applications require lower computing power.
|Decentralized Applications (dApps) require high computing power.
|Centralized Applications are less secure.
|Decentralized Applications (dApps) are highly secure.
|Not Trustworthy as lack of transparency is there.
|Trustworthy as these are highly transparent.
|These apps are more vulnerable to cyber attacks.
|These apps are less vulnerable to cyber attacks.
|If any server goes down system collapse.
|If any node goes down system will run normally.
|They have low transaction times.
|They have high transaction times.
|These apps are easy to use for end-user.
|These apps are difficult to use for the end-user.
|They provide censorship.
|They provide resistance to Censorship.
|You pay for the services of centralized apps.
|They pay to become part of dApps.
|Usability and Scalability
|In terms of usability and scalability, they are better.
|In terms of usability and scalability, they are limited.
- You retain complete control over the application and how it is utilized as the developer.
- These apps can handle higher traffic levels.
- Easy to update as it is sent automatically on user’s device.
- If the server goes down even then the user will be able to access an app.
- Because of decentralization user data is not at risk in the event of a data breach or hacking attempt.
- If a system error occurs, an app may shut down and no one may use the app until the issue is repaired, which may cause your customers to be inconvenienced.
- You must safeguard the main server, for that you may pay additional cybersecurity expenditures.
- Difficult to fix the bugs and update the software due to decentralization.
- Because cryptocurrencies and blockchain aren’t currently “popular” technology, your target audience is limited.
- These apps are not suitable for short term as dApp transactions are typically slower and more expensive than centralized transactions, you may find it difficult to attract users to your App in the short term.
|Which one is for you?
| A centralized app works for you if you want a system that is easier to manage.
|A decentralized app works for you if you want benefits like redundancy and security.