Calculate the Sum of Matrix or Array columns in R Programming – colSums() Function

** colSums()** function in R Language is used to compute the sums of matrix or array columns.

Syntax:colSums (x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)

Parameters:x:matrix or arraydims:this is integer value whose dimensions are regarded as ‘columns’ to sum over. It is over dimensions 1:dims.

**Example 1:**

`# R program to illustrate` `# colSums function` ` ` `# Initializing a matrix with 3 ` `# rows and 3 columns` `x <` `-` `matrix(rep(` `1` `:` `9` `), ` `3` `, ` `3` `)` ` ` `# Getting the matrix representation` `x` ` ` `# Calling the colSums() function` `colSums(x)` |

**Output:**

[, 1] [, 2] [, 3] [1, ] 1 4 7 [2, ] 2 5 8 [3, ] 3 6 9 [1] 6 15 24

**Example 2:**

`# R program to illustrate` `# colSums function` ` ` `# Initializing a 3D array` `x <` `-` `array(` `1` `:` `12` `, c(` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `3` `))` ` ` `# Getting the array representation` `x` ` ` `# Calling the colSums() function` `colSums(x, dims ` `=` `1` `)` `colSums(x, dims ` `=` `2` `)` |

**Output:**

,, 1 [, 1] [, 2] [, 3] [1, ] 1 3 5 [2, ] 2 4 6,, 2 [, 1] [, 2] [, 3] [1, ] 7 9 11 [2, ] 8 10 12,, 3 [, 1] [, 2] [, 3] [1, ] 1 3 5 [2, ] 2 4 6 [, 1] [, 2] [, 3] [1, ] 3 15 3 [2, ] 7 19 7 [3, ] 11 23 11 [1] 21 57 21