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Android Slide Up/Down in Kotlin

  • Last Updated : 23 Feb, 2021

In Android Animations are the visuals that are added to make the user interface more interactive, clear and good looking.

In this article we will be discussing how to create a Slide Up/Down animation in Kotlin.

XML AttributesDescription
android:durationIt is used to specify the duration of animation
android:fromYDeltaIt is the change in Y coordinate to be applied at the start of the animation
android:toYDeltaIt is the change in Y coordinate to be applied at the end of the animation
android:idSets unique id of the view

First step is to create a new Project in Android Studio. For this follow these steps:

  • Click on File, then New and then New Project and give name whatever you like
  • Then, select Kotlin language Support and click next button.
  • Select minimum SDK, whatever you need
  • Select Empty activity and then click finish.

After that, we need to design our layout. For that we need to work with the XML file. Go to app > res > layout and paste the following code:

Modify activity_main.xml file




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
                xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
                xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="match_parent"
                tools:context=".MainActivity" android:orientation="vertical">
  
    <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textView"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="GeeksForGeeks"
            android:layout_centerInParent="true"
            android:textSize="30sp"
            android:textStyle="bold" />
  
    <Button
            android:id="@+id/slide_up"
            android:layout_width="100dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Slide Up"
            android:layout_marginTop="140dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="100dp" />
    <Button
            android:id="@+id/slide_down"
            android:layout_width="100dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginTop="140dp"
            android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/slide_up"
            android:text="Slide Down"
            android:textAllCaps="false" />
  
</RelativeLayout>

Add anim folder

In this folder, we will be adding the XML files which will be used to produce the animations. For this to happen, go to app/res right click and then select, Android Resource Directory and name it as anim.
Again right click this anim folder and select Animation resource file and name it as slide_up. Similarly, also create slide_down.xml and paste the following code.



slide_up.xml




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <translate
            android:duration="1000"
            android:fromYDelta="0"
            android:toYDelta="-100%" />
</set>

slide_down.xml




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <translate
            android:duration="1000"
            android:fromYDelta="-100%"
            android:toYDelta="0" />
</set>

Modify MainActivity.kt file

Open app/src/main/java/yourPackageName/MainActivity.kt and do the following changes:




package com.geeksforgeeks.myfirstKotlinapp
  
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.view.animation.AnimationUtils
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.activity_main.*
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        //setting buttons onClickListener
        slide_down.setOnClickListener {
            //adding our custom made animation xml file
            val animation = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(
                this, R.anim.fade_out)
            //appending animation to textView
            textView.startAnimation(animation)
        }
        slide_up.setOnClickListener {
            val animation = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(
                this, R.anim.fade_in)
            textView.startAnimation(animation)
        }
    }
}

AndroidManifest.xml file




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
          package="i.apps.slideup">
  
    <application
            android:allowBackup="true"
            android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
            android:label="@string/app_name"
            android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
            android:supportsRtl="true"
            android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
  
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>
  
</manifest>

Run as emulator:



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