Output of Python Program | Set 3

Difficulty level : Intermediate

Predict the output of following Python Programs.

Program 1:

class Geeks:
    def __init__(self, id):
        self.id = id

manager = Geeks(100)

manager.__dict__['life'] = 49

print manager.life + len(manager.__dict__)

Output:

51

Explanation : In the above program we are creating a member variable having name ‘life’ by adding it directly to the dictionary of the object ‘manager’ of class ‘Geeks’. Total numbers of items in the dictionary is 2, the variables ‘life’ and ‘id’. Therefore the size or the length of the dictionary is 2 and the variable ‘life’ is assigned a value ’49’. So the sum of the variable ‘life’ and the size of the dictionary is 49 + 2 = 51.

 

Program 2:

a = "GeeksforGeeks "

b = 13

print a + b

Output:

An error is shown.

Explanation : As you can see the variable ‘b’ is of type integer and the variable ‘a’ is of type string. Also as Python is a strongly typed language we cannot simply concatenate an integer with a string. We have to first convert the integer variable to the type string to concatenate it with a string variable. So, trying to concatenate an integer variable to a string variable, an exception of type “TypeError” is occurred.

 

Program 3:

dictionary = {}
dictionary[1] = 1
dictionary['1'] = 2
dictionary[1] += 1

sum = 0
for k in dictionary:
    sum += dictionary[k]

print sum

Output:

4

Explanation : In the above dictionary, the key 1 enclosed between single quotes and only 1 represents two different keys as one of them is integer and other is string. So, the output of the program is 4.

 

Program 4:

dictionary = {1:'1', 2:'2', 3:'3'}
del dictionary[1]
dictionary[1] = '10'
del dictionary[2]
print len(dictionary)

Output:

2

Explanation : The task of the ‘del’ function is to remove key-value pairs from a dictionary. Initially the size of the given dictionary was 3. Then the key value pair for key 1 is first removed and then added back with a new value. Then the key value pair for key 2 is removed. So, finally the size of the dictionary is 2.

This article is contributed by Pratik Agarwal. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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