Write a program to reverse an array or string

Given an array (or string), the task is to reverse the array/string.

Examples :

Input  : arr[] = {1, 2, 3}
Output : arr[] = {3, 2, 1}

Input :  arr[] = {4, 5, 1, 2}
Output : arr[] = {2, 1, 5, 4}


Iterative way :

1) Initialize start and end indexes as start = 0, end = n-1
2) In a loop, swap arr[start] with arr[end] and change start and end as follows :
start = start +1, end = end – 1

reverse-a-number



Another example to reverse a string:

reverse-a-string

Below is the implementation of the above approach :

C++

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// Iterative C++ program to reverse an array
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
/* Function to reverse arr[] from start to end*/
void rvereseArray(int arr[], int start, int end)
{
    while (start < end)
    {
        int temp = arr[start]; 
        arr[start] = arr[end];
        arr[end] = temp;
        start++;
        end--;
    
}     
  
/* Utility function to print an array */
void printArray(int arr[], int size)
{
   for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
   cout << arr[i] << " ";
  
   cout << endl;
  
/* Driver function to test above functions */
int main() 
{
    int arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
      
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]); 
  
    // To print original array 
    printArray(arr, n);
      
    // Function calling
    rvereseArray(arr, 0, n-1);
      
    cout << "Reversed array is" << endl;
      
    // To print the Reversed array
    printArray(arr, n);
      
    return 0;
}

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C

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// Iterative C program to reverse an array
#include<stdio.h>
  
/* Function to reverse arr[] from start to end*/
void rvereseArray(int arr[], int start, int end)
{
    int temp;
    while (start < end)
    {
        temp = arr[start];   
        arr[start] = arr[end];
        arr[end] = temp;
        start++;
        end--;
    }   
}     
  
/* Utility that prints out an array on a line */
void printArray(int arr[], int size)
{
  int i;
  for (i=0; i < size; i++)
    printf("%d ", arr[i]);
  
  printf("\n");
  
/* Driver function to test above functions */
int main() 
{
    int arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]); 
    printArray(arr, n);
    rvereseArray(arr, 0, n-1);
    printf("Reversed array is \n");
    printArray(arr, n);    
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Iterative java program to reverse an
// array
public class GFG {
      
   /* Function to reverse arr[] from 
    start to end*/
    static void rvereseArray(int arr[],
                    int start, int end)
    {
        int temp;
           
        while (start < end)
        {
            temp = arr[start]; 
            arr[start] = arr[end];
            arr[end] = temp;
            start++;
            end--;
        
    }     
       
    /* Utility that prints out an
    array on a line */
    static void printArray(int arr[], 
                            int size)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
             System.out.print(arr[i] + " ");
           
         System.out.println();
    
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[]) {
          
        int arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
        printArray(arr, 6);
        rvereseArray(arr, 0, 5);
        System.out.print("Reversed array is \n");
        printArray(arr, 6); 
         
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Sam007

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Python

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# Iterative python program to reverse an array
  
# Function to reverse A[] from start to end
def reverseList(A, start, end):
    while start < end:
        A[start], A[end] = A[end], A[start]
        start += 1
        end -= 1
  
# Driver function to test above function
A = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
print(A)
reverseList(A, 0, 5)
print("Reversed list is")
print(A)
# This program is contributed by Pratik Chhajer

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C#

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// Iterative C# program to reverse an
// array
using System;
  
class GFG {
  
    /* Function to reverse arr[] from 
    start to end*/
    static void rvereseArray(int []arr,
                    int start, int end)
    {
        int temp;
          
        while (start < end)
        {
            temp = arr[start]; 
            arr[start] = arr[end];
            arr[end] = temp;
            start++;
            end--;
        
    }     
      
    /* Utility that prints out an
    array on a line */
    static void printArray(int []arr, 
                            int size)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
            Console.Write(arr[i] + " ");
          
        Console.WriteLine();
    
      
    // Driver function
    public static void Main()
    {
        int []arr = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
        printArray(arr, 6);
        rvereseArray(arr, 0, 5);
        Console.Write("Reversed array is \n");
        printArray(arr, 6); 
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Sam007

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PHP

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<?php 
// Iterative PHP program 
// to reverse an array
  
/* Function to reverse 
$arr from start to end*/
function rvereseArray(&$arr, $start
                       $end)
{
    while ($start < $end)
    {
        $temp = $arr[$start]; 
        $arr[$start] = $arr[$end];
        $arr[$end] = $temp;
        $start++;
        $end--;
    
}     
  
/* Utility function to 
   print an array */
function printArray(&$arr, $size)
{
for ($i = 0; $i < $size; $i++)
echo $arr[$i] . " ";
  
echo "\n";
  
// Driver code
$arr = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
  
// To print original array
printArray($arr, 6);
  
// Function calling
rvereseArray($arr, 0, 5);
  
echo "Reversed array is" ."\n";
  
// To print the Reversed array
printArray($arr, 6);
  
// This code is contributed
// by ChitraNayal
?>

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Output :

1 2 3 4 5 6 
Reversed array is 
6 5 4 3 2 1 

Time Complexity : O(n)

Recursive Way :

1) Initialize start and end indexes as start = 0, end = n-1
2) Swap arr[start] with arr[end]
3) Recursively call reverse for rest of the array.

Below is the implementation of the above approach :

C++

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// Recursive C++ program to reverse an array
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
/* Function to reverse arr[] from start to end*/
void rvereseArray(int arr[], int start, int end)
{
    if (start >= end)
    return;
      
    int temp = arr[start]; 
    arr[start] = arr[end];
    arr[end] = temp;
      
    // Recursive Function calling
    rvereseArray(arr, start + 1, end - 1); 
}     
  
  
/* Utility function to print an array */
void printArray(int arr[], int size)
{
   for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
   cout << arr[i] << " ";
  
   cout << endl;
  
/* Driver function to test above functions */
int main() 
{
    int arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
      
    // To print original array
    printArray(arr, 6);
      
    // Function calling
    rvereseArray(arr, 0, 5);
      
    cout << "Reversed array is" << endl;
      
    // To print the Reversed array
    printArray(arr, 6);
      
    return 0;
}

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C

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// Recursive C program to reverse an array
#include <stdio.h>
  
/* Function to reverse arr[] from start to end*/
void rvereseArray(int arr[], int start, int end)
{
   int temp;
   if (start >= end)
     return;
   temp = arr[start];   
   arr[start] = arr[end];
   arr[end] = temp;
   rvereseArray(arr, start+1, end-1);   
}     
  
/* Utility that prints out an array on a line */
void printArray(int arr[], int size)
{
  int i;
  for (i=0; i < size; i++)
    printf("%d ", arr[i]);
  
  printf("\n");
  
/* Driver function to test above functions */
int main() 
{
    int arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
    printArray(arr, 6);
    rvereseArray(arr, 0, 5);
    printf("Reversed array is \n");
    printArray(arr, 6);    
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Recursive Java Program to reverse an array
import java.io.*;
  
class ReverseArray {
  
    /* Function to reverse arr[] from start to end*/
    static void rvereseArray(int arr[], int start, int end)
    {
        int temp;
        if (start >= end)
            return;
        temp = arr[start];
        arr[start] = arr[end];
        arr[end] = temp;
        rvereseArray(arr, start+1, end-1);
    }
  
    /* Utility that prints out an array on a line */
    static void printArray(int arr[], int size)
    {
        for (int i=0; i < size; i++)
            System.out.print(arr[i] + " ");
        System.out.println("");
    }
  
    /*Driver function to check for above functions*/
    public static void main (String[] args) {
        int arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
        printArray(arr, 6);
        rvereseArray(arr, 0, 5);
        System.out.println("Reversed array is ");
        printArray(arr, 6);
    }
}
/*This article is contributed by Devesh Agrawal*/

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Python

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# Recursive python program to reverse an array
  
# Function to reverse A[] from start to end
def reverseList(A, start, end):
    if start >= end:
        return
    A[start], A[end] = A[end], A[start]
    reverseList(A, start+1, end-1)
  
# Driver function to test above function
A = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
print(A)
reverseList(A, 0, 5)
print("Reversed list is")
print(A)
# This program is contributed by Pratik Chhajer

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C#

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// C# program to reverse an array
using System;
  
class GFG
{
    /* Function to reverse arr[] 
    from start to end*/
    static void rvereseArray(int []arr, int start,
                                        int end)
    {
        int temp;
        if (start >= end)
            return;
              
        temp = arr[start];
        arr[start] = arr[end];
        arr[end] = temp;
          
        rvereseArray(arr, start+1, end-1);
    }
  
    /* Utility that prints out an 
    array on a line */
    static void printArray(int []arr, int size)
    {
        for (int i =  0; i < size; i++)
            Console.Write(arr[i] + " ");
      
        Console.WriteLine("");
    }
  
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main () 
    {
        int []arr = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
          
        printArray(arr, 6);
        rvereseArray(arr, 0, 5);
          
        Console.WriteLine("Reversed array is ");
        printArray(arr, 6);
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Sam007

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PHP

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<?php 
// Iterative PHP program 
// to reverse an array
  
/* Function to reverse
$arr from start to end*/
function rvereseArray(&$arr
                       $start, $end)
{
    if ($start >= $end)
    return;
      
    $temp = $arr[$start]; 
    $arr[$start] = $arr[$end];
    $arr[$end] = $temp;
  
    //Recursive Function calling
    rvereseArray($arr, $start + 1,
                       $end - 1); 
}     
  
/* Utility function 
to print an array */
function printArray(&$arr, $size)
{
for ($i = 0; $i < $size; $i++)
echo $arr[$i] . " ";
  
echo "\n";
  
// Driver code
$arr = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
  
// To print original array
printArray($arr, 6);
  
// Function calling
rvereseArray($arr, 0, 5);
  
echo "Reversed array is" ."\n";
  
// To print the Reversed array
printArray($arr, 6);
  
// This code is contributed
// by ChitraNayal
?>

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Output :

1 2 3 4 5 6 
Reversed array is 
6 5 4 3 2 1 

Time Complexity : O(n)

Please write comments if you find any bug in the above programs or other ways to solve the same problem.

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Improved By : Sam007, chitranayal, pp_pankaj