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Why is it Better to use textContent instead of innerHTML ?

Last Updated : 29 Jan, 2024
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Using textContent instead of innerHTML is generally considered better practice when dealing with text content in the context of the Document Object Model (DOM).

Here are a few reasons why textContent is often preferred:

  • Security: Using textContent helps in reducing the risk of security vulnerabilities such as Cross-Site Scripting (XSS). When you use innerHTML, you’re allowing HTML content to be inserted directly, and if that content comes from an untrusted source, it could include malicious scripts. textContent only deals with plain text, making it safer in situations where the input might not be entirely trusted.
  • Performance: Manipulating textContent tends to be faster than manipulating innerHTML.
  • Clarity of Intent: When you use the textContent, it indicates that you are working with plain text content. This can improve code readability and make it explicit that you are not dealing with HTML markup.

In summary, if you’re dealing strictly with text content and want to prioritize security and performance, go with textContent. If you need to work with HTML structure and understand and mitigate the associated security risks, then innerHTML that might be the way to go.

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