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Which region is known as the ‘Rice Bowl of India’?

Last Updated : 17 Jul, 2023
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Krishna- Godavari is known as the region of rice bowl in India as it produces the highest quantity of rice all over the country. The main delta of the Krishna- Godavari rivers lies in the state of Andhra Pradesh where the production is optimum and hence the state is known as the Rice Bowl state in India. Rice makes up seventy-seven percent of the total crop production.

India is a country in South Asia and is the seventh-largest country by area and second-largest by population. It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean from three of its sides. The Indian subcontinent has always been an important place for world trade. The large abundance of natural resources was an additional advantage. It became a prominent place for trade due to the above reasons and the vast coastline. There was a huge market in the European countries for Indian spices and various crops grown in the country. India has always been highly dependent on the agricultural sector. The fertile land in the country helps the production of various crops. 

Rice Bowl of India

Rice Bowl of India

Rice Production in India

Rice is one of the main crops grown in India. It is a basic food crop. Rice is a tropical crop in nature and thus it requires a hot and humid climate for the proper growth of the plant. The Rice plant comes under the category of Kharif crop. The amount of water required for the cultivation of rice is high when compared to the other crops. Due to the High water requirement, it is grown in areas with high availability of water. Rice is a staple food in the eastern and southern parts of the country. Rice production has always been an important part of the economy of the country. India is currently the second-largest producer of rice in the world. In the last financial year, the production of rice was almost 120 million tons. Rice is grown in northeastern parts of the country, delta regions, and coastal regions.

Krishna Godavari Basin

Krishna Godavari Basin is commonly known as the rice bowl of the country. The Krishna Godavari Basin is commonly known as so due to the high production of rice in this region. The quantity produced in this basin contributes highly to the total production of the state of Andhra. The Krishna Godavari Basin is formed by two east-coast rivers namely, Krishna and Godavari. This is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The climate in this region is hot and humid. The general temperature is between 35 and 49 o C in summers and 25 to 30 o C. The Krishna Godavari Basin includes uplands plains, delta plains, and coastal plains. The land in this region is very fertile. All these conditions are the reason for the high rice production in this region.


Sometimes, Chhattisgarh is also called the rice bowl of India. The main reason for this name for Chhattisgarh is the variety of rice grown in this region. There are over 20,000 varieties of rice grown in this region.  They include wild types, varieties that can be cultivated, and aromatic and nonaromatic varieties. The rice grown varies from place to place. Chhattisgarh produces almost 10.5 million tonnes of rice in the year 2018. Rice is grown in over 35 percent of the total area of this region. Currently, Chhattisgarh is the 7 th largest producer of rice in this country. Bastar district in Chhattisgarh has the highest cultivation of rice in the said area.  Chhattisgarh is the largest exporter of rice among all the rice-producing states in India. Almost 85 percent of the population of this area is dependent on agriculture as their main source of income. So the area under cultivation is very high. The climate in this area is highly suitable for the growth of paddy but the main factor is the availability of water. The monsoon rains in this area are very good and hence provide the required water for irrigation. So for these reasons, Chhattisgarh is known as the Rice Bowl of India.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q 1. Which district is known as a bowl of rice?


Krishna- Godavari delta is known as the rice bowl of India.

Q 2. Which two states are known as the rice bowl of India?


Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the two states are known as rice bowl of India.

Q 3. Which city is known as the rice bowl of the world?


Thailand and Vietnam are known as the rice bowl of the world, though are not officially proclaimed so.

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