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What are the 4 types of programming?

Last Updated : 07 Feb, 2024
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The term “types of programming” can refer to different aspects or classifications within the field of programming. One common way to categorize programming is based on the programming paradigm or style. There are four main programming paradigms:

  1. Imperative Programming: In imperative programming, the focus is on describing how a program operates by providing a sequence of statements that change the program’s state. It emphasizes the use of variables, loops, and conditional statements to control the flow of execution. Languages like C, C++, Java, and Python support imperative programming.
  2. Declarative Programming: Declarative programming focuses on describing what a program should accomplish rather than how it should achieve it. It emphasizes expressing the logic of a program using expressions or declarations, often in a more abstract or high-level manner. Examples include functional programming (e.g., Haskell, Lisp) and logic programming (e.g., Prolog).
  3. Object-Oriented Programming (OOP): Object-oriented programming organizes software design around objects, which are instances of classes that encapsulate data and behavior. It emphasizes concepts such as inheritance, polymorphism, and encapsulation to create modular, reusable, and maintainable code. Languages like Java, C++, Python, and C# support OOP.
  4. Functional Programming: Functional programming treats computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions and avoids changing state or mutable data. It emphasizes the use of pure functions, immutability, and higher-order functions. Languages like Haskell, Lisp, Scala, and Clojure support functional programming.

These programming paradigms provide different approaches to problem-solving and have distinct strengths and weaknesses. Many modern programming languages incorporate features from multiple paradigms, allowing developers to choose the most suitable paradigm for their specific tasks or preferences

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