typing.NamedTuple – Improved Namedtuples
The NamedTuple class of the typing module added in Python 3.6 is the younger sibling of the namedtuple class in the collections module. The main difference being an updated syntax for defining new record types and added support for type hints. Like dictionaries, NamedTuples contain keys that are hashed to a particular value. But on the contrary, it supports both access from key-value and iteration, the functionality that dictionaries lack.
Creating a NamedTuple
NamedTuple can be created using the following syntax:
class class_name(NamedTuple): field1: datatype field2: datatype
This is equivalent to:
class_name = collections.namedtuple('class_name', ['field1', 'field2'])
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- Access by index: The attribute values of namedtuple() are ordered and can be accessed using the index number, unlike dictionaries that are not accessible by index.
- Access by keyname: Access by key name is also allowed as in dictionaries.
- using getattr(): This is yet another way to access the value by giving namedtuple and key-value as its argument.
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The fields are immutable. So if we try to change the values, we get the attribute error:
AttributeError: can't set attribute