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Types of hacking

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 22 Aug, 2022
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Overview :
Hacking is the activity of characterizing weaknesses in a knowledge processing system and a network to take advantage of the security to comprehend access to private knowledge or business data. Computers became obligatory in running a decent business. It is not enough to possess isolated computers systems. They need to be networked to facilitate communication with external businesses. This exposes them to the surface world and hacking. System hacking means exploitation of computers to commit fallacious acts like fraud, privacy invasion, stealing corporate/personal knowledge, etc. Cyber-crimes cost several organizations several bucks every year. Businesses are compelled to defend themselves against such attacks.

Types of Hacking :
Hacking is something from which you’ve to protect yourself and solely can be done by anticipating how a hacker might think to get into the system.

  1. Phishing
    In this type of hacking, hackers intention is to steal critical information of users like account passwords, MasterCard detail, etc. For example, hackers can replicate an original website for users interaction and can steal critical information from the duplicate website the hacker has created.
     
  2. Virus
    These are triggered by the hacker into the filters of the website once they enter into it . The purpose is to corrupt the information or resources on the net website.
     
  3. UI redress –
    In this technique, the hacker creates a pretend interface and once the user clicks with the intent of progressing to a particular website, they are directed to a special website.
     
  4. Cookie theft –
    Hackers access the net website exploitation malicious codes and steal cookies that contain tips, login passwords, etc. Get access to your account then will do any factor besides your account.
     
  5. Distributed Denial-of-service(DDoS)
    This hacking technique is aimed toward taking down a website so that a user cannot access it or deliver their service. Gets the server down and stops it from responding, which may cause a condition error constantly.
     
  6. DNS spoofing
    This essentially uses the cache knowledge of an internet website or domain that the user might have forgotten keeping up to date. It then directs the data to a distinct malicious website.
     
  7. Social Engineering
    Social engineering is an attempt to manipulate you to share personal info, sometimes by impersonating a trustworthy supply.
     
  8. Missing Security Patches –
    Security tools will become outdated as a result of the hacking landscape advancement and needs frequent updates to protect against new threats.
     
  9. Malware-Injection Devices –
    Cyber-criminals will use hardware to sneak malware onto your pc. You would have detected infected USB sticks which can allow hackers remote access to your device when it is connected to your pc.
     
  10. Cracking Password
    Hackers will get your credentials through a technique known as key-logging.

Techniques to protect yourself :

  1. First, you’ve to make sure that your personal information and account details are kept private.
  2. Install antivirus code for shielding from malicious activity.
  3. Do not click on an unauthorized link and make sure to check any data sent to you is from a legitimate source.
  4. Always have updated software and do not use default configurations on devices.
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