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TIME() function in MYSQL

  • Last Updated : 27 Nov, 2020

TIME() function in MySQL is used to extracts the time part from a given time/datetime expression. If the expression is not a time or a datetime value, the TIME function will return ’00:00:00′. If expression is NULL, the TIME function will return NULL.

Syntax :

TIME(expression)

Parameter :
This method accepts one parameter.

  • expression : The time or datetime value from which we want to extract the time.

Returns :
It returns the time part from a given time/datetime expression.

Example-1 :
Extracting the time using TIME Function from a datetime expression where the datetime is specified in the format of YYYY-MM-DD HH-MM-SS.

SELECT TIME("2019-01-10 08:14:21")as Time ;

Output :

Time
08:14:21

Example-2 :
Extracting the time using TIME Function from a datetime expression where the datetime is specified in the format of HH-MM-SS.

SELECT TIME("18:24:23")as Time ;

Output :

TIME
18:24:23

Example-3 :
Extracting the time using TIME Function from a expression which is not a datetime.

SELECT TIME(NULL) AS TIME;

Output :

TIME
NULL

Example-4 :
The TIME function can be used to set value of columns. To demonstrate create a table named DeliveryDetails.

CREATE TABLE DeliveryDetails (
DeliveryId INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
ProductId INT NOT NULL,
ProductName VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
Delivered_At TIME NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY(DeliveryId)
);

Here, we will use TIME function when a delivery will be completed. The value in Delivered_At column will be the value given by TIME Function.

INSERT INTO  
DeliveryDetails(ProductId, ProductName, Delivered_At)
VALUES
(12345, 'Let Us Java', TIME (NOW()));

Now, checking the DeliveryDetails table :

SELECT * FROM DeliveryDetails;

Output :

DELIVERYIDPRODUCTIDPRODUCTNAMEDELIVERED_AT
112345Let Us Java09:48:34

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