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Size of The Subarray With Maximum Sum

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Given an array arr[] of size N, the task is to find the length of the subarray having maximum sum.

Examples : 

Input :  a[] = {1, -2, 1, 1, -2, 1}
Output : Length of the subarray is 2
Explanation : Subarray with consecutive elements 
and maximum sum will be {1, 1}. So length is 2

Input : ar[] = { -2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3 }
Output : Length of the subarray is 5
Explanation : Subarray with consecutive elements 
and maximum sum will be {4, -1, -2, 1, 5}. 

Method 1: This problem is mainly a variation of Largest Sum Contiguous Subarray Problem
The idea is to update starting index whenever the sum ending here becomes less than 0.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

// C++ program to print length of the largest
// contiguous array sum
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
int maxSubArraySum(int a[], int size)
{
    int max_so_far = INT_MIN, max_ending_here = 0,
       start =0, end = 0, s=0;
 
    for (int i=0; i< size; i++ )
    {
        max_ending_here += a[i];
 
        if (max_so_far < max_ending_here)
        {
            max_so_far = max_ending_here;
            start = s;
            end = i;
        }
 
        if (max_ending_here < 0)
        {
            max_ending_here = 0;
            s = i + 1;
        }
    }
     
    return (end - start + 1);
}
 
/*Driver program to test maxSubArraySum*/
int main()
{
    int a[] = {-2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3};
    int n = sizeof(a)/sizeof(a[0]);
    cout << maxSubArraySum(a, n);
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

// Java program to print length of the largest
// contiguous array sum
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    static int maxSubArraySum(int a[], int size)
    {
        int max_so_far = Integer.MIN_VALUE,
        max_ending_here = 0,start = 0,
        end = 0, s = 0;
 
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
        {
            max_ending_here += a[i];
 
            if (max_so_far < max_ending_here)
            {
                max_so_far = max_ending_here;
                start = s;
                end = i;
            }
 
            if (max_ending_here < 0)
            {
                max_ending_here = 0;
                s = i + 1;
            }
        }
        return (end - start + 1);
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int a[] = { -2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3 };
        int n = a.length;
        System.out.println(maxSubArraySum(a, n));
    }
}

                    

Python3

# Python3 program to print largest contiguous array sum
 
from sys import maxsize
 
# Function to find the maximum contiguous subarray
# and print its starting and end index
def maxSubArraySum(a,size):
 
    max_so_far = -maxsize - 1
    max_ending_here = 0
    start = 0
    end = 0
    s = 0
 
    for i in range(0,size):
 
        max_ending_here += a[i]
 
        if max_so_far < max_ending_here:
            max_so_far = max_ending_here
            start = s
            end = i
 
        if max_ending_here < 0:
            max_ending_here = 0
            s = i+1
 
    return (end - start + 1)
 
# Driver program to test maxSubArraySum
a = [-2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3]
print(maxSubArraySum(a,len(a)))

                    

C#

// C# program to print length of the
// largest contiguous array sum
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to find maximum subarray sum
    static int maxSubArraySum(int []a, int size)
    {
        int max_so_far = int.MinValue,
        max_ending_here = 0,start = 0,
        end = 0, s = 0;
 
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
        {
            max_ending_here += a[i];
 
            if (max_so_far < max_ending_here)
            {
                max_so_far = max_ending_here;
                start = s;
                end = i;
            }
 
            if (max_ending_here < 0)
            {
                max_ending_here = 0;
                s = i + 1;
            }
        }
        return (end - start + 1);
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        int []a = {-2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3};
        int n = a.Length;
        Console.Write(maxSubArraySum(a, n));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by parashar...

                    

PHP

<?php
// PHP program for Bresenham’s
// Line Generation Assumptions :
 
// 1) Line is drawn from
// left to right.
// 2) x1 < x2 and y1 < y2
// 3) Slope of the line is
// between 0 and 1.
// We draw a line from lower
// left to upper right.
 
// function for line generation
function bresenham($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2)
{
$m_new = 2 * ($y2 - $y1);
$slope_error_new = $m_new - ($x2 - $x1);
for ($x = $x1, $y = $y1; $x <= $x2; $x++)
{
    echo "(" ,$x , "," , $y, ")\n";
 
    // Add slope to increment
    // angle formed
    $slope_error_new += $m_new;
 
    // Slope error reached limit,
    // time to increment y and
    // update slope error.
    if ($slope_error_new >= 0)
    {
        $y++;
        $slope_error_new -= 2 * ($x2 - $x1);
    }
}
}
 
// Driver Code
$x1 = 3; $y1 = 2; $x2 = 15; $y2 = 5;
bresenham($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2);
 
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.
?>

                    

Javascript

<script>
 
// JavaScript program to print length
// of the largest contiguous array sum
function maxSubArraySum(a, size)
{
    let max_so_far = Number.MIN_VALUE,
    max_ending_here = 0,start = 0,
    end = 0, s = 0;
 
    for(let i = 0; i < size; i++)
    {
        max_ending_here += a[i];
 
        if (max_so_far < max_ending_here)
        {
            max_so_far = max_ending_here;
            start = s;
            end = i;
        }
 
        if (max_ending_here < 0)
        {
            max_ending_here = 0;
            s = i + 1;
        }
    }
    return (end - start + 1);
}
 
// Driver code
let a = [ -2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3 ];
let n = a.length;
 
document.write(maxSubArraySum(a, n));
 
// This code is contributed by splevel62
 
</script>

                    

Output : 
5

 

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Approach#2: Using Kadane’s algorithm

This approach implements the Kadane’s algorithm to find the maximum subarray sum and returns the size of the subarray with maximum sum.

Algorithm

1. Initialize max_sum, current_sum, start, end, max_start, and max_end to the first element of the array.
2. Iterate through the array from the second element.
3. If the current element is greater than the sum of the current element and current_sum, update start to the current index.
4. Update current_sum as the maximum of the current element and the sum of current element and current_sum.
5. If current_sum is greater than max_sum, update max_sum, end to the current index, and max_start and max_end to start and end respectively.
6. Return max_end – max_start + 1 as the size of the subarray with maximum sum.

C++

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the maximum subarray sum
int max_subarray_sum(vector<int>& a)
{
    int n = a.size();
    int max_sum = a[0];
    int current_sum = a[0];
    int start = 0;
    int end = 0;
    int max_start = 0;
    int max_end = 0;
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
        // If the current element is greater than the sum so
        // far plus the current element, then update the
        // start index to the current index
        if (a[i] > current_sum + a[i]) {
            start = i;
        }
 
        // Update the current sum to be either the current
        // element or the sum so far plus the current
        // element
        current_sum = max(a[i], current_sum + a[i]);
 
        // If the current sum is greater than the maximum
        // sum so far, then update the maximum sum and its
        // start and end indices
        if (current_sum > max_sum) {
            max_sum = current_sum;
            end = i;
            max_start = start;
            max_end = end;
        }
    }
 
    // Return the length of the maximum subarray
    return max_end - max_start + 1;
}
 
int main()
{
    vector<int> a{ -2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3 };
    cout << max_subarray_sum(a) << endl;
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

import java.util.*;
 
public class Main
{
 
  // Function to find the maximum subarray sum
  static int maxSubarraySum(List<Integer> a) {
    int n = a.size();
    int max_sum = a.get(0);
    int current_sum = a.get(0);
    int start = 0;
    int end = 0;
    int max_start = 0;
    int max_end = 0;
 
    // Traverse the list
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
      // If the current element is greater than the sum so
      // far plus the current element, then update the
      // start index to the current index
      if (a.get(i) > current_sum + a.get(i)) {
        start = i;
      }
 
      // Update the current sum to be either the current
      // element or the sum so far plus the current
      // element
      current_sum = Math.max(a.get(i), current_sum + a.get(i));
 
      // If the current sum is greater than the maximum
      // sum so far, then update the maximum sum and its
      // start and end indices
      if (current_sum > max_sum) {
        max_sum = current_sum;
        end = i;
        max_start = start;
        max_end = end;
      }
    }
 
    // Return the length of the maximum subarray
    return max_end - max_start + 1;
  }
 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    List<Integer> a = Arrays.asList(-2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3);
    System.out.println(maxSubarraySum(a));
  }
}

                    

Python3

def max_subarray_sum(a):
    n = len(a)
    max_sum = a[0]
    current_sum = a[0]
    start = 0
    end = 0
    max_start = 0
    max_end = 0
     
    for i in range(1, n):
        if a[i] > current_sum + a[i]:
            start = i
        current_sum = max(a[i], current_sum + a[i])
        if current_sum > max_sum:
            max_sum = current_sum
            end = i
            max_start = start
            max_end = end
     
    return max_end - max_start + 1
 
a = [-2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3]
print(max_subarray_sum(a))

                    

C#

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
public class MaxSubarraySum {
    public static int FindMaxSubarraySum(List<int> a) {
        int n = a.Count;
        int maxSum = a[0];
        int currentSum = a[0];
        int start = 0;
        int end = 0;
        int maxStart = 0;
        int maxEnd = 0;
 
        // Traverse the list
        for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
            // If the current element is greater than the sum so
            // far plus the current element, then update the
            // start index to the current index
            if (a[i] > currentSum + a[i]) {
                start = i;
            }
 
            // Update the current sum to be either the current
            // element or the sum so far plus the current
            // element
            currentSum = Math.Max(a[i], currentSum + a[i]);
 
            // If the current sum is greater than the maximum
            // sum so far, then update the maximum sum and its
            // start and end indices
            if (currentSum > maxSum) {
                maxSum = currentSum;
                end = i;
                maxStart = start;
                maxEnd = end;
            }
        }
 
        // Return the length of the maximum subarray
        return maxEnd - maxStart + 1;
    }
 
    public static void Main() {
        List<int> a = new List<int> { -2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3 };
        Console.WriteLine(FindMaxSubarraySum(a));
    }
}

                    

Javascript

function max_subarray_sum(a) {
  const n = a.length;
  let max_sum = a[0];
  let current_sum = a[0];
  let start = 0;
  let end = 0;
  let max_start = 0;
  let max_end = 0;
 
  // Traverse the array
  for (let i = 1; i < n; i++) {
    // If the current element is greater than the sum so
    // far plus the current element, then update the
    // start index to the current index
    if (a[i] > current_sum + a[i]) {
      start = i;
    }
 
    // Update the current sum to be either the current
    // element or the sum so far plus the current
    // element
    current_sum = Math.max(a[i], current_sum + a[i]);
 
    // If the current sum is greater than the maximum
    // sum so far, then update the maximum sum and its
    // start and end indices
    if (current_sum > max_sum) {
      max_sum = current_sum;
      end = i;
      max_start = start;
      max_end = end;
    }
  }
 
  // Return the length of the maximum subarray
  return max_end - max_start + 1;
}
 
const a = [-2, -3, 4, -1, -2, 1, 5, -3];
console.log(max_subarray_sum(a));
//This code is contributed by Zaidkhan15

                    

Output
5

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is length of array
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Note: The above code assumes that there is at least one positive element in the array. If all the elements are negative, the code needs to be modified to return the maximum element in the array.



Last Updated : 17 May, 2023
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