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Selection Sort Visualizer in JavaScript
  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 12 Feb, 2021

Selection sort is the simplest sorting algorithm that works by repeatedly finding the minimum element (considering ascending order) from the unsorted part and putting it at the beginning. 

In order to know more about it. Please refer to Selection Sort

An algorithm like Selection Sort can be easily understood by visualizing instead of long codes. In this article, Selection Sort Visualizer is implemented using HTML, CSS & JavaScript.

Pre-requisites:

Approach:



  • Button Generate New Array generates an array of random values using the Math.random() function and a bar corresponding to that value in terms of height.
  • Different colors are used to indicate which elements are unsorted(sky-blue), compared(darkblue & red) & sorted(lightgreen).
  • Button Selection Sort the elements using the selection sort algorithm.
  • Finally, elements are sorted.

Example: Click Generate New Array button to generate a new random array. Click the Selection Sort button to perform Visualization.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
  <!-- head -->
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" 
          content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge" />
      
    <!-- title -->
    <title>Sorting Visualizer</title>
  
    <!-- linking style.css -->
    <link href="style.css" rel="stylesheet" />
  </head>
  
  <!-- body -->
  <body >
   <section class="head">Selection Sort Visualizer</section>
   <section class="data-container"></section
      
   <!-- "Generate New Array" button -->
   <button  class="btn1" onclick="generate()" id="Button1" >
     Generate New Array</button>   
     
   <!-- "Selection Sort" button -->
   <button class="btn2" 
           onclick="SelectionSort(),disable()" id="Button2" >
     Selection Sort</button>
  </body>
  
  <!-- linking index.js -->
  <script src="index.js"></script>
</html>

CSS




.mySlides {
    display: none;
}
  
body {
    background-color: rgb(255, 235, 211);
    font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;
}
  
.head {
    margin-top: 20px;
    margin-right: 20vw;
    margin-left: 20vw;
    text-align: center;
    font-size: 30px;
    background-color: #6f459e;
    color: white;
    border-radius: 19px;
    font-weight: bolder;
}
  
.data-container {
    width: 600px;
    height: 384px;
    position: relative;
    margin: 0 auto;
}
  
.bar {
    width: 28px;
    position: absolute;
    left: 0;
    bottom: 0;
    background-color: rgb(0, 183, 255);
    transition: 0.2s all ease;
}
  
.bar__id {
    position: absolute;
    top: -24px;
    width: 100%;
    text-align: center;
}
.btn1 {
    padding: 12px;
    font-weight: bolder;
    background-color: #6f459e;
    border-radius: 10px;
    color: white;
    font-size: 16px;
    border: white;
    margin-left: 37vw;
    margin-top: 4vw;
    margin-right: 1vw;
}
.btn2 {
    padding: 12px;
    font-weight: bolder;
    background-color: #6f459e;
    border-radius: 10px;
    color: white;
    font-size: 16px;
    border: white;
}

Javascript




const container = document.querySelector(".data-container");
  
// function to generate bars
function generatebars(num = 20) {
    
  //for loop to generate 20 bars
  for (let i = 0; i < num; i += 1) {
  
    // To generate random values from 1 to 100
    const value = Math.floor(Math.random() * 100) + 1; 
      
    // To create element "div"
    const bar = document.createElement("div");
  
    // To add class "bar" to "div"
    bar.classList.add("bar");
  
    // Provide height to the bar
    bar.style.height = `${value * 3}px`;
  
    // Translate the bar towards positive X axis 
    bar.style.transform = `translateX(${i * 30}px)`;
      
    // To create element "label"
    const barLabel = document.createElement("label");
  
    // To add class "bar_id" to "label"
    barLabel.classList.add("bar_id");
  
    // Assign value to "label"
    barLabel.innerHTML = value;
      
    // Append "Label" to "div"
    bar.appendChild(barLabel);
  
    // Append "div" to "data-container div"
    container.appendChild(bar);
  }
}
  
// asynchronous function to perform "Selection Sort"
async function SelectionSort(delay = 300) {
  let bars = document.querySelectorAll(".bar");
  // Assign 0 to min_idx
   var min_idx = 0;
   for (var i = 0; i < bars.length; i += 1) {
  
    // Assign i to min_idx
    min_idx = i;
  
    // Provide darkblue color to the ith bar
    bars[i].style.backgroundColor = "darkblue";
    for (var j = i + 1; j < bars.length; j += 1) {
  
      // Provide red color to the jth bar
      bars[j].style.backgroundColor = "red";
        
      // To pause the execution of code for 300 milliseconds
      await new Promise((resolve) =>
        setTimeout(() => {
          resolve();
        }, 300)
      );
  
      // To store the integer value of jth bar to var1 
      var val1 = parseInt(bars[j].childNodes[0].innerHTML);
  
      // To store the integer value of (min_idx)th bar to var2 
      var val2 = parseInt(bars[min_idx].childNodes[0].innerHTML);
        
      // Compare val1 & val2
      if (val1 < val2) {
        if (min_idx !== i) {
  
          // Provide skyblue color to the (min-idx)th bar
          bars[min_idx].style.backgroundColor = "  rgb(24, 190, 255)";
        }
        min_idx = j;
      } else {
  
        // Provide skyblue color to the jth bar
        bars[j].style.backgroundColor = "  rgb(24, 190, 255)";
      }
    }
  
    // To swap ith and (min_idx)th bar
    var temp1 = bars[min_idx].style.height;
    var temp2 = bars[min_idx].childNodes[0].innerText;
    bars[min_idx].style.height = bars[i].style.height;
    bars[i].style.height = temp1;
    bars[min_idx].childNodes[0].innerText = bars[i].childNodes[0].innerText;
    bars[i].childNodes[0].innerText = temp2;
      
    // To pause the execution of code for 300 milliseconds
    await new Promise((resolve) =>
      setTimeout(() => {
        resolve();
      }, 300)
    );
  
    // Provide skyblue color to the (min-idx)th bar
    bars[min_idx].style.backgroundColor = "  rgb(24, 190, 255)";
  
    // Provide lightgreen color to the ith bar
    bars[i].style.backgroundColor = " rgb(49, 226, 13)";
  }
  
  // To enable the button "Generate New Array" after final(sorted)
  document.getElementById("Button1").disabled = false;
  document.getElementById("Button1").style.backgroundColor = "#6f459e";
  
  // To enable the button "Selection Sort" after final(sorted)
  document.getElementById("Button2").disabled = false;
  document.getElementById("Button2").style.backgroundColor = "#6f459e";
}
  
// Call "generatebars" function
generatebars();
  
// function to generate new random array 
 function generate()
{
  window.location.reload();
 }
  
//  function to disable the button
function disable()
{
  // To disable the button "Generate New Array"
  document.getElementById("Button1").disabled = true;
  document.getElementById("Button1").style.backgroundColor = "#d8b6ff";
  
  // To disable the button "Selection Sort"
  document.getElementById("Button2").disabled = true;
  document.getElementById("Button2").style.backgroundColor = "#d8b6ff";  
}

Output:

  • New array generated:

  • After the sorting:

full-stack-img

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