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What is Salary Slip?

Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2023
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A salary slip is an important document that is issued by an employer to an employee as a record of the employee’s salary and other deductions. Salary slip is typically issued on a monthly basis and includes details such as the employee’s name, salary, and any deductions that have been made from the salary, such as taxes and insurance premiums.

What is Salary Slip?

Employees frequently receive a regular payment called a salary in exchange for their job, such as weekly, bimonthly, or monthly. A salary slip often called a pay stub or paycheck stub is a record that includes information about an employee’s compensation and any deductions made. The employee’s name, position description, salary, and any deductions for taxes, insurance, or other benefits are often included. A salary slip has several crucial functions. In order to help with budgeting and financial planning, it gives employees a record of their earnings and deductions. It can also be used to demonstrate income for tax purposes or when applying for a loan or mortgage. A salary slip can also be used to confirm employment and pay for several reasons, like background checks or applications for housing.

What is Payroll Number?

An employee’s employer will give them a payroll number, which is a unique identifying number. It is used to keep track of an employee’s payroll data, including their pay, perks, and tax deductions. Employees are often given a payroll number when they are first hired, which they can use to access the payroll and HR systems of the business. It is typically unique to the employee and the business and consists of a string of numbers or a mix of letters and numbers. The payroll number tracks employees’ payroll data, including their pay, perks, and tax deductions.

Additionally, it is used to track an employee’s attendance and leave and to produce paychecks or direct deposit payments. A payroll number can be used for more than just payroll; for example, it might be used to identify an employee for HR or benefits purposes. It can also monitor a worker’s performance or produce demographic information on the workforce.

What are the Components of a Salary Slip?

Here are some common components of a salary slip:

Income & Allowance

  • Information of the employee: Name, position title, and payroll number are all included.
  • Pay period: The dates of the pay period for which the salary slip is applicable are displayed here.
  • Gross salary: Before any deductions, this is the total amount paid to the employee. Different categories, such as base pay, overtime pay, and any bonuses or commissions, may be subdivided within it.
  • Net salary: This represents the employee’s final take-home pay after all deductions have been made. The employee will pay this sum via direct deposit or a check.
  • Year-to-date (YTD) totals: The employee’s gross compensation, deductions, and net salary for the year’s first half are totaled here. Tracking earnings and deductions over time may be facilitated by this.
  • Leave balance: Some pay stubs may also include details about the employee’s remaining leave balance, such as the amount of vacation or sick days.
  • Employer details: This contains the name and contact details of the employer as well as any applicable tax or payroll information.
  • Dearness Compensation: It is based on a proportion of the base salary. To lessen the effects of inflation, this provision is provided. It is fully taxable and must be disclosed when filing income tax returns.
  • Medical Benefits: Paid to employees on a predetermined schedule and a monthly basis for health-related expenses; fully taxable; and paid regardless of whether the employees submitted medical bills. 
  • Performance Bonuses: It is presented in appreciation for a worker’s efforts. This falls under the heading of incentives, bonuses, and evaluations.


Any deductions from the employee’s gross pay, such as those for taxes, insurance premiums, and retirement contributions, are included in this. Different categories may be used to categorize these deductions, including federal income tax and state and local taxes.

Tax Is Withheld at the Source

The employer withholds a specified amount of tax from the employee’s paycheck each month on behalf of the Indian Income Tax Department.
Deductions depending on income tax slabs can be lowered by participating in tax-saving plans.

Employee Provident Fund(EPF)

Every month, a mandatory contribution is withheld from the income. At least 12% of the base pay is deducted, with the employer contributing the same amount. Section 80C of the Income Tax Act exempts employee contributions to EPF from taxes.

Professional Tax

A monthly deduction is made from an employee’s paycheck to pay the government a small sum of the tax.

State governments choose the tax rate and deductions

An essential document known as a salary slip must be sent to employees no later than payday. Employees may need to request a salary certificate if their employer does not consistently deliver payslips.

Impact of Standard Deduction on Salary Slip

A predetermined amount, known as the standard deduction, lowers the amount of income that is liable to federal income tax. Taxpayers who do not itemize their deductions on their tax return are eligible for it. Your filing status determines the standard deduction, which is then annually modified for inflation. Your pay stub won’t be directly impacted if you use the standard deduction on your tax return. However, it can affect how much federal income tax is deducted from your paychecks. If you use the standard deduction, less tax may be withheld from your paycheck, increasing your net pay (also known as take-home pay) as shown on your pay stub. You must consider your whole tax status, including your income, deductions, and credits, to assess the effect of the standard deduction on your pay stub. To determine the impact of the standard deduction on your pay, utilize a tax calculator or speak with a tax expert.

Format of a Salary Slip?

A salary slip typically includes the following information:

  • Employee’s name and identification number
  • Period of pay (e.g., week, month)
  • Gross pay: the total amount of money earned before deductions
  • Deductions: the amounts withheld from the gross income for taxes, benefits, and other purposes
  • Net income: the total amount of money received after deductions

Further details that may be included on a salary slip are:

  • Hourly pay rate or salary
  • Overtime pay
  • Bonuses or commissions
  • Leave or time off balances
  • Contributions to retirement or savings plans
  • Health insurance premiums or other benefits deductions

Depending on the business, the region, and the type of employment, a salary slip’s structure and content may change. Some companies might give employees an electronic pay stub or let them access their pay information online. Others might give the employee a paper pay stub or mention money on their regular payment.

Why is a Salary Slip Important?

For employees, a salary slip is crucial since it serves as a record of their income and deductions. It acts as evidence of income and has several uses, including

  • Evidence of employment: A pay stub is acceptable as official employment documentation. The applicant must provide a copy of their most recent pay stub when applying for a travel visa or admission to institutions and colleges. One of the most critical background check documents is the pay stub. As legal evidence, the document refutes the salary allegation. The current classification is also listed on the pay stub. The employee’s career trajectory at the company can be demonstrated using their previous slips.
  • Take out a loan or a credit card: A salary slip contains all the information on the pay and title. It acts as official documentation of a worker’s capacity to repay credit. The salary slip is also used to apply for loans, credit cards, mortgages, and other types of borrowing. So, if you want to apply for a loan, credit card, mortgage, etc., you must provide this document. Banks and lending institutions make sure to obtain a copy of the pay stub. The pay statements are used to evaluate the borrower’s creditworthiness.
  • Planning a financial budget: Employees can track their income and expenses on a salary slip and make financial plans.
  • Tax conformity: In order to report income and determine tax obligations, a salary slip is used. It can assist workers in making sure they are paying the appropriate tax amount and claiming any credits or deductions for which they are eligible.
  • Verifying employment: When applying for a loan, mortgage, or rental agreement, a salary slip can be used as documentation of work and pay.
  • Employee advantages: Information about employee benefits, such as health insurance premiums, retirement contributions, and time off balances, may be found on a pay stub. This might aid employees in managing and comprehending their benefits.
  • Record-keeping: When there are questions or discrepancies, having a record of an employee’s pay and deductions, such as a salary slip, can be helpful.
  • Take advantage of government aid: You can utilize the pay stub to sign up for several free services. They can even be used to get services that are heavily subsidized. These services include food and medical supplies.

Difference Between Cost to Company (CTC) and Gross Salary

The phrase “cost to company” (CTC) refers to an employee’s whole compensation package. It includes not just the employee’s base income but also any additional amenities like health insurance, retirement contributions, and other incentives that the employer provides for the employee. On the other hand, a worker’s gross wage is their pay before any deductions are made. It is the salary an employee receives, often determined monthly or biweekly. Before any taxes or other deductions are made, an employee’s gross salary is the sum of their earnings.

In conclusion, gross compensation is the total amount that an employee makes before any deductions are made. In contrast, CTC is the total amount an employer spends on an employee, including benefits.

Wrapping Up

Each pay period, employees receive a salary slip containing information about their compensation and deductions. It is a crucial document that aids workers in understanding and managing their pay and benefits and their tax and financial obligations. A wage slip can be used for several things, including record-keeping, tax compliance, budgeting, financial planning, and employment verification. Depending on the business, the region, and the type of employment, the format and content of a salary slip may change. Some companies might offer an electronic pay stub or permit employees to view their pay information online. Others might hand out a paper pay stub or include information about pay on the employee’s regular paycheck.

FAQ’s on Salary Slip

Q1. What is the purpose of a Salary Slip?

Ans: A salary slip is used to give employees information about their pay and deductions and can be used for several things, including record-keeping, tax compliance, employment verification, budgeting, and financial planning.

Q2. What specific details appear on a Salary Slip?

Ans: The name and identification number of the employee, the period of payment, the gross pay, deductions, and the net income usually are included on a salary slip. The hourly wage or salary, extra compensation, bonuses or commissions, unused leave or time off balances, and contributions to retirement or savings plans are other information that may be included.

Q3. How can I get a copy of my Salary Slip?

Ans: Depending on your employment, there may be a difference in how to get your pay stub. Some businesses might give employees access to an electronic pay stub or their pay information online via a portal or app. Others might give the employee a paper pay stub or mention money on their regular payment.

Q4. How can I determine my net pay from my salary slip?

Ans: You must deduct all deductions from your gross pay to get your net pay from your pay stub. Your net pay—the amount you will receive after deductions—is the sum of these figures.

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