response.history – Python requests
Python requests are generally used to fetch the content from a particular resource URI. Whenever we make a request to a specified URI through Python, it returns a response object. Now, this response object would be used to access certain features such as content, headers, etc. This article revolves around how to check the response.history out of a response object. response.history returns a list of response objects holding the history of request (url). Basically, it shows how did the request reach the target in form of a list of responses.
How to use response.history using Python requests?
To illustrate use of response.history, let’s ping geeksforgeeks.org. To run this script, you need to have Python and requests installed on your PC.
- Download and Install Python 3 Latest Version
- How to install requests in Python – For windows, linux, mac
Example code –
Example Implementation –
Save above file as
request.py and run using
Check that history list at the start of the output, it shows the different responses.Response 301 shows a redirect request.
There are many libraries to make an HTTP request in Python, which are httplib, urllib, httplib2, treq, etc., but requests is the one of the best with cool features. If any attribute of requests shows NULL, check the status code using below attribute.
If status_code doesn’t lie in range of 200-29. You probably need to check method begin used for making a request + the url you are requesting for resources.
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