Python requests are generally used to fetch the content from a particular resource URI. Whenever we make a request to a specified URI through Python, it returns a response object. Now, this response object would be used to access certain features such as content, headers, etc. This article revolves around how to check the response.headers out of a response object. response.headers returns a dictionary of response headers. To check more about headers, visit – Different HTTP Headers
How to use response.headers using Python requests?
To illustrate use of response.headers, let’s ping API of Github. To run this script, you need to have Python and requests installed on your PC.
- Download and Install Python 3 Latest Version
- How to install requests in Python – For windows, linux, mac
Example code –
Example Implementation –
Save above file as
request.py and run using
Check that headers at the start of the output, it shows the different headers. Headers are used for different purposes such as Authentication/ Passing and retrieving data from the server, etc.
There are many libraries to make an HTTP request in Python, which are httplib, urllib, httplib2, treq, etc., but requests is the one of the best with cool features. If any attribute of requests shows NULL, check the status code using below attribute.
If status_code doesn’t lie in range of 200-29. You probably need to check method begin used for making a request + the url you are requesting for resources.
- GET method - Python requests
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- GET and POST requests using Python
- Python Requests Tutorial
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- response.iter_content() - Python requests
- response.status_code - Python requests
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- response.raise_for_status() - Python requests
- response.elapsed - Python requests
- response.content - Python requests