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# Python – Step Frequency of elements in List

Sometimes, while working with Python, we can have a problem in which we need to compute frequency in list. This is quite common problem and can have usecase in many domains. But we can atimes have problem in which we need incremental count of elements in list. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Method #1 : Using loop + defaultdict() The combination of above functions can be used to perform this task. In this, we just initialize list with a default value and increment its frequency using a loop.

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Step Frequency of elements in List``# using loop + defaultdict()``from` `collections ``import` `defaultdict` `# Initializing loop``test_list ``=` `[``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'best'``, ``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'life'``]` `# printing original list``print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))` `# Step Frequency of elements in List``# using loop + defaultdict()``res_d ``=` `defaultdict(``int``)``res ``=` `[]``for` `ele ``in` `test_list:``    ``res_d[ele] ``+``=` `1``    ``res.append(res_d[ele])` `# printing result``print` `(``"Step frequency of elements is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best', 'gfg', 'is', 'life']
Step frequency of elements is : [1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1]```

Time complexity: O(n), where n is the number of elements in the input list test_list.
Auxiliary space: O(m), where m is the number of unique elements in the input list test_list. The defaultdict data structure is used in the code, which may occupy a space equivalent to the number of unique elements in the input list.

Method #2 : Using list comprehension + enumerate() The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this we just iterate and store the counter using enumerate().

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Step Frequency of elements in List``# using list comprehension + enumerate()``from` `collections ``import` `defaultdict` `# Initializing loop``test_list ``=` `[``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'best'``, ``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'life'``]` `# printing original list``print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))` `# Step Frequency of elements in List``# using list comprehension + enumerate()``res ``=` `[test_list[ : idx ``+` `1``].count(ele) ``for` `(idx, ele) ``in` `enumerate``(test_list)]` `# printing result``print` `(``"Step frequency of elements is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output :

```The original list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best', 'gfg', 'is', 'life']
Step frequency of elements is : [1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1]```

Time Complexity: O(n^2)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method #3 : Using for loop + count() method

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Step Frequency of elements in List` `# Initializing loop``test_list ``=` `[``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'best'``, ``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'life'``]` `# printing original list``print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))` `# Step Frequency of elements in List` `res ``=` `[]``for` `ele ``in` `range``(``0``,``len``(test_list)):``    ``res.append(test_list[:ele``+``1``].count(test_list[ele]))``    `  `# printing result``print` `(``"Step frequency of elements is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best', 'gfg', 'is', 'life']
Step frequency of elements is : [1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1]```

Time Complexity: O(n*n) where n is the number of elements in the list “test_list”.
Auxiliary Space: O(n), where n is the number of elements in the new res list

Method #4 : Using operator.countOf() method

## Python3

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate``# Step Frequency of elements in List``import` `operator as op``# Initializing loop``test_list ``=` `[``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'best'``, ``'gfg'``, ``'is'``, ``'life'``]` `# printing original list``print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list))` `# Step Frequency of elements in List` `res ``=` `[]``for` `ele ``in` `range``(``0``,``len``(test_list)):``    ``res.append(op.countOf(test_list[:ele``+``1``],test_list[ele]))``    `  `# printing result``print` `(``"Step frequency of elements is : "` `+` `str``(res))`

Output

```The original list is : ['gfg', 'is', 'best', 'gfg', 'is', 'life']
Step frequency of elements is : [1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1]```

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

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