Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Python | Split list of strings into sublists based on length

View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 09 Mar, 2022
View Discussion
Improve Article
Save Article

Given a list of strings, write a Python program to split the list into sublists based on string length.
Examples: 
 

Input : ['The', 'art', 'of', 'programming']
Output : [['of'], ['The', 'art'], ['programming']]

Input : ['Welcome', 'to', 'geeksforgeeks']
Output : [['to'], ['Welcome'], ['geeksforgeeks']]

Approach #1 : Pythonic naive
A naive approach for the above method uses a dictionary and a for loop to traverse the list. In each iteration, it checks whether the element length is already in the list or not. If not, it adds the element length and element as key:value pair, otherwise, the element is just added to the value sublist. Finally, we make a list of all the values of the dict and return it.
 

Python3




# Python3 program to Divide list of strings
# into sublists based on string length
 
def divideList(lst):
    dct = {}
 
    for element in lst:
        if len(element) not in dct:
            dct[len(element)] = [element]
        elif len(element) in dct:
            dct[len(element)] += [element]
     
    res = []
    for key in sorted(dct):
        res.append(dct[key])
     
    return res
     
# Driver code
lst = ['The', 'art', 'of', 'programming']
print(divideList(lst))

Output: 

[['of'], ['The', 'art'], ['programming']]

 

  
Approach #2 : defaultdict() from collections module
This method uses defaultdict and saves it in a variable ‘group_by_len’. Using a for loop, we save the length of string as key and the string with the key length as its value. Finally, we make a list of all the values of ‘group_by_len’ and return it. 
 

Python3




# Python3 program to Divide list of strings
# into sublists based on string length
from collections import defaultdict
 
def divideList(lst):
    group_by_len = defaultdict(list)
    for ele in lst:
        group_by_len[len(ele)].append(ele)
         
    res = []
    for key in sorted(group_by_len):
        res.append(group_by_len[key])
         
    return res
     
# Driver code
lst = ['The', 'art', 'of', 'programming']
print(divideList(lst))

Output: 

[['of'], ['The', 'art'], ['programming']]

 

  
Approach #3 : groupby() from itertools module
The most efficient and simplest method to solve the given problem is using groupby() from itertools module. This is a one-liner where we use two variables ‘l'(for length) and ‘g'(group of strings) to traverse through ‘lst’, grouped by length and finally return all groups packed within a list. 
 

Python3




# Python3 program to Divide list of strings
# into sub lists based on string length
from itertools import groupby
 
def divideList(lst):
    res = dict((l, list(g)) for l, g in groupby(lst, key = len))
 
    # Sorting dict by key
    res = sorted(res.items(), key = lambda kv:(kv[0], kv[1]))
 
    # Removing key from list of tuple
    return [el[1:] for el in (tuple(x) for x in res)]
     
# Driver code
lst = ['The', 'art', 'of', 'programming']
print(divideList(lst))

Output: 

[(['of'],), (['The', 'art'],), (['programming'],)]

 


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!