Python | os.path.exists() method

OS module in Python provides functions for interacting with the operating system. OS comes under Python’s standard utility modules. This module provides a portable way of using operating system dependent functionality. os.path module is sub module of OS module in python used for common path name manipulation.

os.path.exists() method in Python is used to check whether the specified path exists or not. This method can be also used to check whether the given path refers to an open file descriptor or not.

Syntax: os.path.exists(path)



Parameter:
path: A path-like object representing a file system path. A path-like object is either a string or bytes object representing a path.

Return Type: This method returns a Boolean value of class bool. This method returns True if path exists otherwise returns False.

Code #1: Use of os.path.exists() method

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# Python program to explain os.path.exists() method 
    
# importing os module 
import os
  
# Specify path
path = '/usr/local/bin/'
  
# Check whether the specified
# path exists or not
isExist = os.path.exists(path)
print(isExist)
  
  
# Specify path
path = '/home/User/Desktop/file.txt'
  
# Check whether the specified
# path exists or not
isExist = os.path.exists(path)
print(isExist)

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Output:

True
False

Note: os.path.exists() function may return False, if permission is not granted to execute os.stat() on the requested file, even if the path exists.

Reference: https://docs.python.org/3/library/os.path.html



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