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Python | os.path.dirname() method

  • Last Updated : 26 Aug, 2019

OS module in Python provides functions for interacting with the operating system. OS comes under Python’s standard utility modules. This module provides a portable way of using operating system dependent functionality. os.path module is sub module of OS module in Python used for common path name manipulation.

os.path.dirname() method in Python is used to get the directory name from the specified path.

Syntax: os.path.dirname(path)

Parameter:
path: A path-like object representing a file system path.

Return Type: This method returns a string value which represents the directory name from the specified path.

Code: Use of os.path.dirname() method




# Python program to explain os.path.dirname() method 
    
# importing os.path module 
import os.path
  
# Path
path = '/home/User/Documents'
  
# Get the directory name  
# from the specified path
dirname = os.path.dirname(path)
  
# Print the directory name  
print(dirname)
  
  
# Path
path = '/home/User/Documents/file.txt'
  
# Get the directory name  
# from the specified path
dirname = os.path.dirname(path)
  
# Print the directory name  
print(dirname)
  
  
# Path
path = 'file.txt'
  
# Get the directory name  
# from the specified path
dirname = os.path.dirname(path)
  
# Print the directory name  
print(dirname)
  
# In the above specified path 
# does not contains any
# directory so, 
# It will print Nothing  
Output:
/home/User
/home/User/Documents

Reference: https://docs.python.org/3/library/os.path.html

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