Python | os.listdir() method

os.listdir() method in python is used to get the list of all files and directories in the specified directory. If we don’t specify any directory, then list of files and directories in the current working directory will be returned.

Syntax: os.listdir(path)

Parameters:
path (optional) : path of the directory

Return Type: This method returns the list of all files and directories in the specified path. The return type of this method is list.

Code #1: use of os.listdir() method

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python program to explain os.listdir() method 
    
# importing os module 
import os
  
# Get the list of all files and directories
# in the root directory
path = "/"
dir_list = os.listdir(path)
  
print("Files and directories in '", path, "' :"
  
# print the list
print(dir_list)

chevron_right


Output:

Files and directories in ' / ' :
['sys', 'run', 'tmp', 'boot', 'mnt', 'dev', 'proc', 'var', 'bin', 'lib64', 'usr', 
'lib', 'srv', 'home', 'etc', 'opt', 'sbin', 'media']

 
Code #2: use of os.listdir() method

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python program to explain os.listdir() method 
    
# importing os module 
import os
  
# Get the path of current working directory
path = os.getcwd()
  
# Get the list of all files and directories
# in current working directory
dir_list = os.listdir(path)
  
  
print("Files and directories in '", path, "' :"
# print the list
print(dir_list)

chevron_right


Output:

Files and directories in ' /home/ihritik ' :
['.rstudio-desktop', '.gnome', '.ipython', '.cache', '.config', '.ssh', 'Public',
'Desktop', '.pki', 'R', '.bash_history', '.Rhistory', '.oracle_jre_usage', 'Music', 
'.ICEauthority', 'Documents', 'examples.desktop', '.swipl-dir-history', '.local', 
'.gnupg', '.profile', 'Pictures', '.keras', '.viminfo', '.thunderbird', 'Templates',
'.bashrc', '.bash_logout', '.sudo_as_admin_successful', 'Videos', 'images', 
'tf_wx_model', 'Downloads', '.mozilla', 'geeksforgeeks']

 
Code #3: omitting path parameter

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python program to explain os.listdir() method 
   
# importing os module 
import os
  
  
# If we do not specify any path
# os.listdir() method will return
# the list of all files and directories
# in current working directory
  
dir_list = os.listdir()
  
print("Files and directories in  current working directory :"
  
# print the list
print(dir_list)

chevron_right


Output:

Files and directories in current working directory :
['.rstudio-desktop', '.gnome', '.ipython', '.cache', '.config', '.ssh', 'Public',
'Desktop', '.pki', 'R', '.bash_history', '.Rhistory', '.oracle_jre_usage', 'Music', 
'.ICEauthority', 'Documents', 'examples.desktop', '.swipl-dir-history', '.local', 
'.gnupg', '.profile', 'Pictures', '.keras', '.viminfo', '.thunderbird', 'Templates',
'.bashrc', '.bash_logout', '.sudo_as_admin_successful', 'Videos', 'images', 
'tf_wx_model', 'Downloads', '.mozilla', 'geeksforgeeks']

As we can see the output of Code #2 and Code #3 are same. So if we omit the path parameter os.listdir() method will return the list of all files and directories in the current working directory.



My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

self motivated and passionate programmer

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.




Article Tags :

Be the First to upvote.


Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.