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Python | os.DirEntry.name attribute
  • Last Updated : 28 Aug, 2019

OS module in Python provides functions for interacting with the operating system. OS comes under Python’s standard utility modules. This module provides a portable way of using operating system dependent functionality.

os.scandir() method of os module yields os.DirEntry objects corresponding to the entries in the directory given by specified path. os.DirEntry object has various attributes and method which is used to expose the file path and other file attributes of the directory entry.

name attribute on os.DirEntry object is used to get the entry’s base filename, relative to the path argument used in os.scandir() method.

Note: os.DirEntry objects are intended to be used and thrown away after iteration as attributes and methods of the object cache their values and never refetch the values again. If the metadata of the file has been changed or if a long time has elapsed since calling os.scandir() method. we will not get up-to-date information.

Syntax: os.DirEntry.name



Parameter: None

Return value: This attribute returns an string value which represents the entry’s base filename.

Code #1: Use of os.DirEntry.name attribute

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# Python program to explain os.DirEntry.name attribute 
  
# importing os module  
import os
  
  
# Directory to be scanned
# Current working directory
path = os.getcwd()
  
# Using os.scandir() method
# scan the specified directory
# and yield os.DirEntry object
# for each file and sub-directory
  
print("Base filename of all directory entry in '% s':" % path) 
with os.scandir(path) as itr:
    for entry in itr :
        # Exclude the entry name
        # starting with '.'  
        if not entry.name.startswith('.') :
            # print entry's name 
            print(entry.name)

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Output:

Base filename of all directory entry in '/home/ihritik':
Public 
Desktop
R
foo.txt
graph.cpp
tree.cpp
Pictures
abc.py
file.txt
Videos
images
Downloads 
GeeksforGeeks
Music  
Documents

Code #2: Use of os.DirEntry.name() attribute

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# Python program to explain os.DirEntry.name attribute 
  
# importing os module  
import os
  
# Directory to be scanned
# Current working directory
path = os.getcwd()
  
# Using os.scandir() method
# scan the specified directory
# and yield os.DirEntry object
# for each file and sub-directory
  
print("All files and directory whose name starts with letter 'D' in '% s'" % path) 
with os.scandir(path) as itr:
    for entry in itr :
        # Check if directory entry name
        # starts with letter 'D'
        if entry.name.startswith('D') :
            # print entry's name 
            print(entry.name)

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Output:

All files and directory whose name starts with letter 'D' in '/home/ihritik':
Desktop
Documents
Downloads

References: https://docs.python.org/3/library/os.html#os.DirEntry.name

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