Python – K Dice Combinations

Given Number of Dice, get all the possible combinations.

Input : K = 2
Output : [(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6), (3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6), (4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6), (5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)]
Explanation : All possible combinations printed.

Input : K = 1
Output : [(1, ), (2, ), (3, ), (4, ), (5, ), (6, )]
Explanation : All possible combinations printed.

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + product()

The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we extract all the possible elements using list comprehension, and in next step, all the possible combination are produced using product().



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# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# K Dice Combinations
# Using list comprehension + product()
from itertools import product
  
# initializing K
K = 3
  
# using list comprehension to formulate elements
temp = [list(range(1, 7)) for _ in range(K)]
  
# using product() to get Combinations
res = list(product(*temp))
  
# printing result
print("The constructed dice Combinations : " + str(res))

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Output

The constructed dice Combinations : [(1, 1, 1), (1, 1, 2), (1, 1, 3), (1, 1, 4), (1, 1, 5), (1, 1, 6), (1, 2, 1), (1, 2, 2), (1, 2, 3), (1, 2, 4), (1, 2, 5), (1, 2, 6), (1, 3, 1), (1, 3, 2), (1, 3, 3), (1, 3, 4), (1, 3, 5), (1, 3, 6), (1, 4, 1), (1, 4, 2), (1, 4, 3), (1, 4, 4), (1, 4, 5), (1, 4, 6), (1, 5, 1), (1, 5, 2), (1, 5, 3), (1, 5, 4), (1, 5, 5), (1, 5, 6), (1, 6, 1), (1, 6, 2), (1, 6, 3), (1, 6, 4), (1, 6, 5), (1, 6, 6), (2, 1, 1), (2, 1, 2), (2, 1, 3), (2, 1, 4), (2, 1, 5), (2, 1, 6), (2, 2, 1), (2, 2, 2), (2, 2, 3), (2, 2, 4), (2, 2, 5), (2, 2, 6), (2, 3, 1), (2, 3, 2), (2, 3, 3), (2, 3, 4), (2, 3, 5), (2, 3, 6), (2, 4, 1), (2, 4, 2), (2, 4, 3), (2, 4, 4), (2, 4, 5), (2, 4, 6), (2, 5, 1), (2, 5, 2), (2, 5, 3), (2, 5, 4), (2, 5, 5), (2, 5, 6), (2, 6, 1), (2, 6, 2), (2, 6, 3), (2, 6, 4), (2, 6, 5), (2, 6, 6), (3, 1, 1), (3, 1, 2), (3, 1, 3), (3, 1, 4), (3, 1, 5), (3, 1, 6), (3, 2, 1), (3, 2, 2), (3, 2, 3), (3, 2, 4), (3, 2, 5), (3, 2, 6), (3, 3, 1), (3, 3, 2), (3, 3, 3), (3, 3, 4), (3, 3, 5), (3, 3, 6), (3, 4, 1), (3, 4, 2), (3, 4, 3), (3, 4, 4), (3, 4, 5), (3, 4, 6), (3, 5, 1), (3, 5, 2), (3, 5, 3), (3, 5, 4), (3, 5, 5), (3, 5, 6), (3, 6, 1), (3, 6, 2), (3, 6, 3), (3, 6, 4), (3, 6, 5), (3, 6, 6), (4, 1, 1), (4, 1, 2), (4, 1, 3), (4, 1, 4), (4, 1, 5), (4, 1, 6), (4, 2, 1), (4, 2, 2), (4, 2, 3), (4, 2, 4), (4, 2, 5), (4, 2, 6), (4, 3, 1), (4, 3, 2), (4, 3, 3), (4, 3, 4), (4, 3, 5), (4, 3, 6), (4, 4, 1), (4, 4, 2), (4, 4, 3), (4, 4, 4), (4, 4, 5), (4, 4, 6), (4, 5, 1), (4, 5, 2), (4, 5, 3), (4, 5, 4), (4, 5, 5), (4, 5, 6), (4, 6, 1), (4, 6, 2), (4, 6, 3), (4, 6, 4), (4, 6, 5), (4, 6, 6), (5, 1, 1), (5, 1, 2), (5, 1, 3), (5, 1, 4), (5, 1, 5), (5, 1, 6), (5, 2, 1), (5, 2, 2), (5, 2, 3), (5, 2, 4), (5, 2, 5), (5, 2, 6), (5, 3, 1), (5, 3, 2), (5, 3, 3), (5, 3, 4), (5, 3, 5), (5, 3, 6), (5, 4, 1), (5, 4, 2), (5, 4, 3), (5, 4, 4), (5, 4, 5), (5, 4, 6), (5, 5, 1), (5, 5, 2), (5, 5, 3), (5, 5, 4), (5, 5, 5), (5, 5, 6), (5, 6, 1), (5, 6, 2), (5, 6, 3), (5, 6, 4), (5, 6, 5), (5, 6, 6), (6, 1, 1), (6, 1, 2), (6, 1, 3), (6, 1, 4), (6, 1, 5), (6, 1, 6), (6, 2, 1), (6, 2, 2), (6, 2, 3), (6, 2, 4), (6, 2, 5), (6, 2, 6), (6, 3, 1), (6, 3, 2), (6, 3, 3), (6, 3, 4), (6, 3, 5), (6, 3, 6), (6, 4, 1), (6, 4, 2), (6, 4, 3), (6, 4, 4), (6, 4, 5), (6, 4, 6), (6, 5, 1), (6, 5, 2), (6, 5, 3), (6, 5, 4), (6, 5, 5), (6, 5, 6), (6, 6, 1), (6, 6, 2), (6, 6, 3), (6, 6, 4), (6, 6, 5), (6, 6, 6)]

Method #2 : Using repeat + product()

This is another way in which this task can be performed. In this we use repeat parameter of product to reduce one step to solve this problem, of extraction of elements.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# K Dice Combinations
# Using repeat + product()
from itertools import product
  
# initializing K
K = 3
  
# using product() to get Combinations and repeat to get elements
res = list(product(range(1, 7), repeat = 3))
  
# printing result
print("The constructed dice Combinations : " + str(res))

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Output

The constructed dice Combinations : [(1, 1, 1), (1, 1, 2), (1, 1, 3), (1, 1, 4), (1, 1, 5), (1, 1, 6), (1, 2, 1), (1, 2, 2), (1, 2, 3), (1, 2, 4), (1, 2, 5), (1, 2, 6), (1, 3, 1), (1, 3, 2), (1, 3, 3), (1, 3, 4), (1, 3, 5), (1, 3, 6), (1, 4, 1), (1, 4, 2), (1, 4, 3), (1, 4, 4), (1, 4, 5), (1, 4, 6), (1, 5, 1), (1, 5, 2), (1, 5, 3), (1, 5, 4), (1, 5, 5), (1, 5, 6), (1, 6, 1), (1, 6, 2), (1, 6, 3), (1, 6, 4), (1, 6, 5), (1, 6, 6), (2, 1, 1), (2, 1, 2), (2, 1, 3), (2, 1, 4), (2, 1, 5), (2, 1, 6), (2, 2, 1), (2, 2, 2), (2, 2, 3), (2, 2, 4), (2, 2, 5), (2, 2, 6), (2, 3, 1), (2, 3, 2), (2, 3, 3), (2, 3, 4), (2, 3, 5), (2, 3, 6), (2, 4, 1), (2, 4, 2), (2, 4, 3), (2, 4, 4), (2, 4, 5), (2, 4, 6), (2, 5, 1), (2, 5, 2), (2, 5, 3), (2, 5, 4), (2, 5, 5), (2, 5, 6), (2, 6, 1), (2, 6, 2), (2, 6, 3), (2, 6, 4), (2, 6, 5), (2, 6, 6), (3, 1, 1), (3, 1, 2), (3, 1, 3), (3, 1, 4), (3, 1, 5), (3, 1, 6), (3, 2, 1), (3, 2, 2), (3, 2, 3), (3, 2, 4), (3, 2, 5), (3, 2, 6), (3, 3, 1), (3, 3, 2), (3, 3, 3), (3, 3, 4), (3, 3, 5), (3, 3, 6), (3, 4, 1), (3, 4, 2), (3, 4, 3), (3, 4, 4), (3, 4, 5), (3, 4, 6), (3, 5, 1), (3, 5, 2), (3, 5, 3), (3, 5, 4), (3, 5, 5), (3, 5, 6), (3, 6, 1), (3, 6, 2), (3, 6, 3), (3, 6, 4), (3, 6, 5), (3, 6, 6), (4, 1, 1), (4, 1, 2), (4, 1, 3), (4, 1, 4), (4, 1, 5), (4, 1, 6), (4, 2, 1), (4, 2, 2), (4, 2, 3), (4, 2, 4), (4, 2, 5), (4, 2, 6), (4, 3, 1), (4, 3, 2), (4, 3, 3), (4, 3, 4), (4, 3, 5), (4, 3, 6), (4, 4, 1), (4, 4, 2), (4, 4, 3), (4, 4, 4), (4, 4, 5), (4, 4, 6), (4, 5, 1), (4, 5, 2), (4, 5, 3), (4, 5, 4), (4, 5, 5), (4, 5, 6), (4, 6, 1), (4, 6, 2), (4, 6, 3), (4, 6, 4), (4, 6, 5), (4, 6, 6), (5, 1, 1), (5, 1, 2), (5, 1, 3), (5, 1, 4), (5, 1, 5), (5, 1, 6), (5, 2, 1), (5, 2, 2), (5, 2, 3), (5, 2, 4), (5, 2, 5), (5, 2, 6), (5, 3, 1), (5, 3, 2), (5, 3, 3), (5, 3, 4), (5, 3, 5), (5, 3, 6), (5, 4, 1), (5, 4, 2), (5, 4, 3), (5, 4, 4), (5, 4, 5), (5, 4, 6), (5, 5, 1), (5, 5, 2), (5, 5, 3), (5, 5, 4), (5, 5, 5), (5, 5, 6), (5, 6, 1), (5, 6, 2), (5, 6, 3), (5, 6, 4), (5, 6, 5), (5, 6, 6), (6, 1, 1), (6, 1, 2), (6, 1, 3), (6, 1, 4), (6, 1, 5), (6, 1, 6), (6, 2, 1), (6, 2, 2), (6, 2, 3), (6, 2, 4), (6, 2, 5), (6, 2, 6), (6, 3, 1), (6, 3, 2), (6, 3, 3), (6, 3, 4), (6, 3, 5), (6, 3, 6), (6, 4, 1), (6, 4, 2), (6, 4, 3), (6, 4, 4), (6, 4, 5), (6, 4, 6), (6, 5, 1), (6, 5, 2), (6, 5, 3), (6, 5, 4), (6, 5, 5), (6, 5, 6), (6, 6, 1), (6, 6, 2), (6, 6, 3), (6, 6, 4), (6, 6, 5), (6, 6, 6)]

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