Given a non-negative number n and two values l and r. The problem is to count the number of set bits in the range l to r in the binary representation of n, i.e, to count set bits from the rightmost lth bit to the rightmost rth bit.
Constraint: 1 <= l <= r <= number of bits in the binary representation of n.
Input : n = 42, l = 2, r = 5 Output : 2 (42)10 = (101010)2 There are '2' set bits in the range 2 to 5. Input : n = 79, l = 1, r = 4 Output : 4
We have existing solution for this problem please refer Count set bits in a range link. We can solve this problem quickly in Python. Approach is very simple,
- Convert decimal into binary using bin(num) function.
- Now remove first two characters of output binary string because bin function appends ‘0b’ as prefix in output string by default.
- Slice string starting from index (l-1) to index r and reverse it, then count set bits in between.
Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.
To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning – Basic Level Course