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PyCairo – Drawing the outline
  • Last Updated : 12 Nov, 2020

In this article, we will learn how we can draw an outline to a solid surface using PyCairo in python. The outline is basically a border to the object, it is used to highlight the object.

PyCairo: Pycairo is a Python module providing bindings for the Cairo graphics library. This library is used for creating SVG i.e vector files in python. The easiest and quickest way to open an SVG file to view it (read-only) is with a modern web browser like Chrome, Firefox, Edge, or Internet Explorer nearly all of them should provide some sort of rendering support for the SVG format.  

SVG: File is a graphics file that uses a two-dimensional vector graphic format created by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). It describes images using a text format that is based on XML. SVG files are developed as a standard format for displaying vector graphics on the web.

Steps of Implementation :

  • Import the Pycairo module.
  • Create an SVG surface object and add context to it.
  • Setting color of the context & line width
  • Creating Shape
  • Preserving inside color of object, so that the border color can be changed which can be used as outline
  • Setting color & width of border i.e outline

Example 1 :



Python3




# importing pycairo
import cairo
  
# creating a SVG surface 
# here geek95 is file name &
# 700, 700 is dimension
with cairo.SVGSurface("geek95.svg", 700, 700) as surface:
      
    # creating a cairo context
    #object for SVG surface
    # using Context method
    context= cairo.Context(surface)
  
    # Creating shape
    context.rectangle(25, 50, 50, 120)
  
    # setting color of the context
    context.set_source_rgb(1, 0, 0)
  
    # Fill the color inside 
    context.fill()
  
    # Creating shape
    context.rectangle(125, 50, 50, 120)
  
    # setting color of the context
    context.set_source_rgb(0, 1, 1)
  
    # Setting outline width
    context.set_line_width(4)
  
    # stroke out the color and width property
    context.stroke()
  
    # Creating shape
    context.rectangle(225, 50, 50, 120)
  
    # setting color of the context for inside
    context.set_source_rgb(0, 0, 1)
  
    # Preserving inside color of object
    context.fill_preserve()
  
    # setting color of the context for outline
    context.set_source_rgb(1, 1, 0)
  
    context.set_line_width(4)
  
    # stroke out the color and width property
    context.stroke()
  
# printing message when file is saved
print("File Saved")  

Output :

Example 2:

Python3




# importing pycairo
import cairo
  
# creating a SVG surface 
# here geek95 is file name & 700, 700 is dimension
with cairo.SVGSurface("geek95.svg", 700, 700) as surface:
  
  # creating a cairo context
  # object for SVG surface
  # using Context method
  context= cairo.Context(surface)
  
  
  # Creating shape
  context.arc(500, 60, 40, 0, 2*22/7)
    
  # setting color of the context for inside
  context.set_source_rgb(0, 0, 0)
    
  # Preserving inside color of object
  context.fill_preserve()
    
  # setting color of the context for outline
  context.set_source_rgb(1, 1, 0)
    
  # Setting outline width
  context.set_line_width(4)
    
  # stroke out the color and width property
  context.stroke()
    
# printing message when file is saved
print("File Saved")

Output :

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