Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

Program to find the initials of a name.

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 16 Nov, 2021

Given a string name, we have to find the initials of the name 

Examples: 

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with experts, please refer DSA Live Classes for Working Professionals and Competitive Programming Live for Students.

Input  : prabhat kumar singh
Output : P K S
We take the first letter of all
words and print in capital letter.

Input  : Jude Law
Output : J L

Input  : abhishek kumar singh
Output : A K S

1) Print first character in capital. 
2) Traverse rest of the string and print every character after space in capital letter.



C++




// C++ program to print initials of a name
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
void printInitials(const string& name)
{
    if (name.length() == 0)
        return;
 
    // Since toupper() returns int, we do typecasting
    cout << (char)toupper(name[0]);
 
    // Traverse rest of the string and print the
    // characters after spaces.
    for (int i = 1; i < name.length() - 1; i++)
        if (name[i] == ' ')
            cout << " " << (char)toupper(name[i + 1]);
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string name = "prabhat kumar singh";
    printInitials(name);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to print initials of a name
class initials {
     
    static void printInitials(String name)
    {
        if (name.length() == 0)
            return;
 
        // Since toupper() returns int,
        // we do typecasting
        System.out.print(Character.toUpperCase(
            name.charAt(0)));
 
        // Traverse rest of the string and
        // print the characters after spaces.
        for (int i = 1; i < name.length() - 1; i++)
            if (name.charAt(i) == ' ')
                System.out.print(" " + Character.toUpperCase(
                                        name.charAt(i + 1)));
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String name = "prabhat kumar singh";
        printInitials(name);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Danish Kaleem

Python




# Python program to print
# initials of a name
 
# user define function
def printInitials(name):
    if(len(name) == 0):
        return
    print(name[0].upper()),
    for i in range(1, len(name) - 1):
        if (name[i] == ' '):
            print (name[i + 1].upper()),
 
def main():
    name = "Prabhat Kumar Singh"
    printInitials(name)
 
if __name__=="__main__":
    main()
 
# This code is contributed
# by prabhat kumar singh

C#




// C# program to print initials of a name
using System;
 
class initials {
     
    static void printInitials(String name)
    {
        if (name.Length == 0)
            return;
 
        // Since toupper() returns int,
        // we do typecasting
        Console.Write(Char.ToUpper(name[0]));
 
        // Traverse rest of the string and
        // print the characters after spaces.
        for (int i = 1; i < name.Length - 1; i++)
            if (name[i] == ' ')
                Console.Write(" " + Char.ToUpper(name[i + 1]));
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main()
    {
        String name = "prabhat kumar singh";
        printInitials(name);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal.

PHP




<?php
// php program to print initials of a name
 
function printInitials($name)
{
    if (strlen($name) == 0)
        return;
 
    // Since toupper() returns int, we do typecasting
    echo strtoupper($name[0]);
 
    // Traverse rest of the string and print the
    // characters after spaces.
    for ($i = 1; $i < strlen($name) - 1; $i++)
        if ($name[$i] == ' ')
            echo " " . strtoupper($name[$i + 1]);
}
 
// Driver code
$name = "prabhat kumar singh";
printInitials($name);
 
// This code is contributed by Sam007
?>

Javascript




<script>
    // Javascript program to print initials of a name
     
    function printInitials(name)
    {
        if (name.length == 0)
            return;
   
        // Since toupper() returns int,
        // we do typecasting
        document.write(name[0].toUpperCase());
   
        // Traverse rest of the string and
        // print the characters after spaces.
        for (let i = 1; i < name.length - 1; i++)
            if (name[i] == ' ')
                document.write(" " + name[i + 1].toUpperCase());
    }
     
    let name = "prabhat kumar singh";
      printInitials(name);
     
</script>

Output: 

P K S

Another possible solution is given as follows:

C++




// C++ program to solve the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
void printInitials(string name)
{
    if (name.length() == 0)
        return;
 
    // split the string using 'space'
    // and print the first character of every word
    stringstream X(name); // X is an object of stringstream
                          // that references the S string
 
    // use while loop to check the getline() function
    // condition
    while (getline(X, name, ' ')) {
        /* X represents to read the string from
         stringstream, T use for store the token string and,
         ' ' whitespace represents to split the string where
         whitespace is found. */
 
        cout << (char)toupper(name[0])<<" "; // print split string
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string name = "prabhat kumar singh";
    printInitials(name);
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1

Java




// Java program to print initials of a name
class initials {
     
    static void printInitials(String name)
    {
        if (name.length() == 0)
            return;
 
        //split the string using 'space'
        //and print the first character of every word
        String words[] = name.split(" ");
        for(String word : words) {
            System.out.print(Character.toUpperCase(word.charAt(0)) + " ");
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
        String name = "prabhat kumar singh";
        printInitials(name);
    }
}

Python3




# Python3 program to print initials of a name
def printInitials(name):
     
    if (len(name) == 0):
        return
 
    # Split the string using 'space'
    # and print the first character of
    # every word
    words = name.split(" ")
    for word in words:
        print(word[0].upper(), end = " ")
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
     
    name = "prabhat kumar singh"
    printInitials(name)
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29

C#




// C# program to print initials of a name
using System;
 
public class initials {
     
    static void printInitials(String name)
    {
        if (name.Length == 0)
            return;
 
        //split the string using 'space'
        //and print the first character of every word
        String []words = name.Split(' ');
        foreach(String word in words) {
            Console.Write(char.ToUpper(word[0]) + " ");
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String []args)
    {
        String name = "prabhat kumar singh";
        printInitials(name);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1

Javascript




<script>
// javascript program to print initials of a name
    function printInitials( name) {
        if (name.length == 0)
            return;
 
        // split the string using 'space'
        // and print the first character of every word
        var words = name.split(" ");
     
        words.forEach(myFunction);
 
 
    }
    function myFunction(item) {
 document.write((item[0].toUpperCase()) + " ");
}
 
    // Driver code
        var name = "prabhat kumar singh";
        printInitials(name);
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1
</script>

Output: 

P K S

The complexity of this code will be less than O(w) where w is number of words in sentence, which can be little better than number of characters in String. 
This code is contributed by Anuj Khasgiwala
We can also use strtok() function in C/C++ to achieve this. 
 

This article is contributed by Prabhat kumar singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!