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Print all the paths from root, with a specified sum in Binary tree

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021

Given a Binary tree and a sum S, print all the paths, starting from root, that sums upto the given sum.
Note that this problem is different from root to leaf paths. Here path doesn’t need to end on a leaf node.

Examples:  

Input : 
Input : sum = 8, 
        Root of tree
         1
       /   \
     20      3
           /    \
         4       15    
        /  \     /  \
       6    7   8    9           
Output :
Path: 1 3 4

Input : sum = 38,
        Root of tree
          10
       /     \
     28       13
           /     \
         14       15
        /   \     /  \
       21   22   23   24
Output : Path found: 10 28 
        Path found: 10 13 15

For this problem, preorder traversal is best suited as we have to add up a key value as we land on that node.
We start from the root and start traversing by preorder traversal, adding key value to the sum_so_far and checking whether it is equal to the required sum. 
Also, as tree node doesn’t have a pointer pointing to its parent, we have to explicitly save from where we have moved. We use a vector path to store the path for this.
Every node in this path contributes to the sum_so_far. 

C++




// C++ program to print all paths begiinning with
// root and sum as given sum
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// A Tree node
struct Node
{
    int key;
    struct Node *left, *right;
};
 
// Utility function to create a new node
Node* newNode(int key)
{
    Node* temp = new Node;
    temp->key = key;
    temp->left = temp->right = NULL;
    return (temp);
}
 
 
void printPathsUtil(Node* curr_node, int sum,
            int sum_so_far, vector<int> &path)
{
    if (curr_node == NULL)
        return;
 
    // add the current node's value
    sum_so_far += curr_node->key;
 
    // add the value to path
    path.push_back(curr_node->key);
 
    // print the required path
    if (sum_so_far == sum )
    {
        cout << "Path found: ";
        for (int i=0; i<path.size(); i++)
            cout << path[i] << " ";
 
        cout << endl;
    }
 
    // if left child exists
    if (curr_node->left != NULL)
        printPathsUtil(curr_node->left, sum, sum_so_far, path);
 
    // if right child exists
    if (curr_node->right != NULL)
        printPathsUtil(curr_node->right, sum, sum_so_far, path);
 
 
    // Remove last element from path
    // and move back to parent
    path.pop_back();
}
 
// Wrapper over printPathsUtil
void printPaths(Node *root, int sum)
{
    vector<int> path;
    printPathsUtil(root, sum, 0, path);
}
 
// Driver program
int main ()
{
    /* 10
    /     \
    28     13
        /     \
        14     15
        / \     / \
    21 22 23 24*/
    Node *root = newNode(10);
    root->left = newNode(28);
    root->right = newNode(13);
 
    root->right->left = newNode(14);
    root->right->right = newNode(15);
 
    root->right->left->left = newNode(21);
    root->right->left->right = newNode(22);
    root->right->right->left = newNode(23);
    root->right->right->right = newNode(24);
 
    int sum = 38;
 
    printPaths(root, sum);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to print all paths beginning
// with root and sum as given sum
import java.util.ArrayList;
 
class Graph{
 
// A Tree node
static class Node
{
    int key;
    Node left, right;
};
 
// Utility function to create a new node
static Node newNode(int key)
{
    Node temp = new Node();
    temp.key = key;
    temp.left = temp.right = null;
    return (temp);
}
 
static void printPathsUtil(Node curr_node, int sum,
                           int sum_so_far,
                           ArrayList<Integer> path)
{
    if (curr_node == null)
        return;
         
    // Add the current node's value
    sum_so_far += curr_node.key;
 
    // Add the value to path
    path.add(curr_node.key);
 
    // Print the required path
    if (sum_so_far == sum)
    {
        System.out.print("Path found: ");
        for(int i = 0; i < path.size(); i++)
            System.out.print(path.get(i) + " ");
             
        System.out.println();
    }
 
    // If left child exists
    if (curr_node.left != null)
        printPathsUtil(curr_node.left, sum,
                       sum_so_far, path);
 
    // If right child exists
    if (curr_node.right != null)
        printPathsUtil(curr_node.right, sum,
                       sum_so_far, path);
 
    // Remove last element from path
    // and move back to parent
    path.remove(path.size() - 1);
}
 
// Wrapper over printPathsUtil
static void printPaths(Node root, int sum)
{
    ArrayList<Integer> path = new ArrayList<>();
    printPathsUtil(root, sum, 0, path);
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
     
    /*    10
       /     \
     28       13
           /     \
         14       15
        /   \     /  \
       21   22   23   24*/
    Node root = newNode(10);
    root.left = newNode(28);
    root.right = newNode(13);
 
    root.right.left = newNode(14);
    root.right.right = newNode(15);
 
    root.right.left.left = newNode(21);
    root.right.left.right = newNode(22);
    root.right.right.left = newNode(23);
    root.right.right.right = newNode(24);
 
    int sum = 38;
 
    printPaths(root, sum);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by sanjeev2552

Python3




# Python3 program to Print all the
# paths from root, with a specified
# sum in Binary tree
     
# Binary Tree Node
""" utility that allocates a newNode
with the given key """
class newNode:
 
    # Construct to create a newNode
    def __init__(self, key):
        self.key = key
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
 
# This function prints all paths
# that have sum k
def printPathsUtil(curr_node, sum,
                sum_so_far, path):
 
    # empty node
    if (not curr_node) :
        return
    sum_so_far += curr_node.key
     
    # add current node to the path
    path.append(curr_node.key)
 
    # print the required path
    if (sum_so_far == sum ) :
     
        print("Path found:", end = " ")
        for i in range(len(path)):
            print(path[i], end = " ")
 
        print()
     
    # if left child exists
    if (curr_node.left != None) :
        printPathsUtil(curr_node.left, sum,
                    sum_so_far, path)
 
    # if right child exists
    if (curr_node.right != None) :
        printPathsUtil(curr_node.right, sum,
                    sum_so_far, path)
 
    # Remove the current element
    # from the path
    path.pop(-1)
 
# A wrapper over printKPathUtil()
def printPaths(root, sum):
 
    path = []
    printPathsUtil(root, sum, 0, path)
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
    """ 10
    /     \
    28     13
        /     \
        14     15
        / \     / \
    21 22 23 24"""
    root = newNode(10)
    root.left = newNode(28)
    root.right = newNode(13)
 
    root.right.left = newNode(14)
    root.right.right = newNode(15)
 
    root.right.left.left = newNode(21)
    root.right.left.right = newNode(22)
    root.right.right.left = newNode(23)
    root.right.right.right = newNode(24)
 
    sum = 38
 
    printPaths(root, sum)
 
# This code is contributed by
# Shubham Singh(SHUBHAMSINGH10)

Javascript




<script>
  
// JavaScript program to print all paths beginning
// with root and sum as given sum
 
// A Tree node
class Node
{
    constructor()
    {
        this.key = 0;
        this.left = null;
        this.right = null;
    }
};
 
// Utility function to create a new node
function newNode(key)
{
    var temp = new Node();
    temp.key = key;
    temp.left = temp.right = null;
    return (temp);
}
 
function printPathsUtil(curr_node, sum, sum_so_far, path)
{
    if (curr_node == null)
        return;
         
    // Add the current node's value
    sum_so_far += curr_node.key;
 
    // Add the value to path
    path.push(curr_node.key);
 
    // Print the required path
    if (sum_so_far == sum)
    {
        document.write("Path found: ");
        for(var i = 0; i < path.length; i++)
            document.write(path[i] + " ");
             
        document.write("<br>");
    }
 
    // If left child exists
    if (curr_node.left != null)
        printPathsUtil(curr_node.left, sum,
                       sum_so_far, path);
 
    // If right child exists
    if (curr_node.right != null)
        printPathsUtil(curr_node.right, sum,
                       sum_so_far, path);
 
    // Remove last element from path
    // and move back to parent
    path.pop();
}
 
// Wrapper over printPathsUtil
function printPaths(root, sum)
{
    var path = [];
    printPathsUtil(root, sum, 0, path);
}
 
// Driver code
 
/*    10
   /     \
 28       13
       /     \
     14       15
    /   \     /  \
   21   22   23   24*/
var root = newNode(10);
root.left = newNode(28);
root.right = newNode(13);
root.right.left = newNode(14);
root.right.right = newNode(15);
root.right.left.left = newNode(21);
root.right.left.right = newNode(22);
root.right.right.left = newNode(23);
root.right.right.right = newNode(24);
var sum = 38;
printPaths(root, sum);
 
</script>

Output: 

Path found: 10 28 
Path found: 10 13 15



This article is contributed by Shubham Gupta. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
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