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Pirs and Temples

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Pirs were profound pioneers having extraordinary abilities. They likewise worked as instructors and adjudicators. Whenever early pilgrims in Bengal looked for a few requests and confirmation in the unsteady states of the new settlements pirs inclined toward them and gave them full upright help. Individuals saw them as conscious figures. The religion of pirs turned out to be exceptionally well known and their sanctums can be tracked down wherever in Bengal.

Sanctuaries and other strict designs were frequently worked by people or gatherings who were turning out to be strong – to both show their power and announce their devotion a few unobtrusive block and earthenware sanctuaries in Bengal were fabricated – with help of a few “low” gatherings the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (chime metal specialists)- European exchanging organizations set out new financial open doors families having a place with these gatherings benefited of these-social and monetary position improved-broadcasted their status through the development of sanctuaries nearby divinities when loved in covered hovels in towns earned the respect of the Brahmanas-their pictures started to be housed in sanctuaries. 

The sanctuaries started to duplicate the twofold roofed(dochala)or four-roofed (Chauchala) design of the covered hovels prompted the development of the average Bengali style in sanctuary engineering four three-sided rooftops put on the four dividers to climb to meet on a bent line or a point-Temples based on a square stage inside was moderately plain-external dividers of numerous sanctuaries enriched with artworks, elaborate tiles or earthenware tablets-in Bishnupur in the Bankura region of West Bengal-embellishments arrived at a serious level of greatness.

Pirs as Community Pioneers

They likewise were instructors and adjudicators. Here and there with heavenly powers to balance out the settlement. A large number of the fundamental square and stoneware asylums in Bengal were worked with the assistance of a couple of “low” social affairs of individuals.

  • From sixteenth 100 years, individuals relocated in enormous numbers from less rich western Bengal to the forested and mucky of south-eastern Bengal.
  • With Mughal command over Bengal, the capital moved to Dhaka. Authorities got land awards Mosques were set up.
  • As they moved eastwards, they cleared timberlands and brought the land under rice development. Bit by bit, neighborhood networks of fisher-people and moving cultivators, frequently tribal, converged with the new networks of workers.
  • This corresponded with the foundation of Mughal command over Bengal with their capital in the core of the eastern delta at Dhaka. Authorities and functionaries got land and frequently set up mosques that filled in as communities for strict change there.
  • Community pioneers, who additionally worked as educators and adjudicators were now and again attributed with extraordinary powers. Individuals alluded to them with friendship and regard as pirs.
  • This term included holy people or Sufis and other strict characters, trying colonizers and idolized officers, different Hindu and Buddhist divinities, and, surprisingly, animistic spirits.
  • Bengal additionally saw a sanctuary building binge from the late fifteenth 100 years, which finished in the nineteenth hundred years.
  • Temples and other strict designs were frequently worked by people or gatherings who were turning out to be strong – to both exhibit their power and declare their devotion. A large number of the unobtrusive block and earthenware sanctuaries in Bengal were worked fully supported by a few “low” gatherings, like the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (chime metal specialists). The approaching of the European exchanging organizations set out new financial open doors; numerous families having a place in these gatherings benefited from these. As their social and monetary position improved, they announced their status through the development of sanctuaries.
  • Local divinities venerated in covered cottages in towns earned the respect of the Brahmanas, and their pictures started to be housed in sanctuaries. The sanctuaries started to duplicate the twofold roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (Chauchala) design of the covered cabins.
  • In the relatively more complicated four-roofed structure, four three-sided rooftops put on the four dividers climb to merge on a bent line or a point. Sanctuaries were typically based on a square stage. The inside was somewhat plain, however, the external dividers of numerous sanctuaries were enhanced with works of art, decorative tiles, or earthenware tablets.

16th Century

People relocated from less rich areas of West Bengal to additional thick and forested areas of SE Bengal. Cleared woodlands and began rice development. Neighborhood people groups and moving cultivators converged with new laborer local area It matched with the foundation of Sultanate (Mughal) rule and capital at Dhaka – authorities got land and laid out mosques. Pirs had extraordinary abilities, individuals regarded them, local area pioneers. Included holy people or Sufis, trying colonizers and exalted fighters, different Hindu and Buddhist divinities and, surprisingly, animistic spirits.

15th -19th Century

Temple working in Bengal. Large numbers of the humble block and earthenware sanctuaries in Bengal were worked with help of “low” social grouplike Kolu (oil pressers) and Kansari (ringer metal laborers) European Trading Communities – set out new financial open doors Sanctuaries started to duplicate twofold roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (chauchala) construction of covered cabins. 

Four-roofed structure

  • Four three-sided rooftops put on the four dividers climb to combine on a bended line or a point. Sanctuaries were generally based on acquire stage – inside was plain and external divider was brightened Sanctuary greatness – Bishnupur in Bankura region of West Bengal.
  • Earthenware plaques on dividers of sanctuaries and viharas (Buddhist cloisters) portray scenes of fish being dressed and taken to the market in bins Bengal Brahmanas – were permitted to eat fish because of prevalence in nearby eating regimen – allowed under Brihaddharma Purana, 13th century Sanskrit text from Bengal. 

Sample Questions 

Question 1: Who are Pirs?                                                                                                                 

Answer:

 A Persian word meaning a significant helper. Neighborhood, who are moreover educators and adjudicators and sometimes with remarkable powers, were called Pirs. They intended to adjust the neighborhood. It comprised of holy people or Sufis and other strict ministers, warriors, colonizers, numerous Hindu and Buddhist divine beings, and animistic spirits. Pirs even had their altars.

Question 2: What is going on with ‘Territorial culture’?

Answer:

The entire of the climate and the social exercises did in that  is made and cultivated by the occupants of the district and which mirrors the ethnic, semantic, authentic and social provincial personality is known as ‘Territorial culture’.

Question 3: What is animism?                                                                                                                                                                      

Answer:

The attribution of the living soul to plants, dead things, and ordinary wonders is known as animism.  It is a conviction structure communicating plants and animals to have a soul pith. It was a critical piece of the significant guidance of outdated India.

Question 4: For what reason were sanctuaries inherent Bengal?                                                                                                             

Answer:

The approaching of the European exchanging organizations set out new monetary open doors for Bengal. The social and financial improvement prompted the development of sanctuaries. Large numbers of the unobtrusive block and earthenware sanctuaries in Bengal were worked fully backed by a few “low” gatherings, like the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (ringer metal specialists). At the point when nearby gods, when revered in covered hovels in towns, earned the respect of the Brahmanas, their pictures started to be housed in sanctuaries.



Last Updated : 29 Sep, 2022
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