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Old Mughal Provinces – Hyderabad, Awadh, and Bengal

Last Updated : 26 May, 2023
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The eighteenth-century political developments in India were extremely sensational and the nation was changing at an exceptionally quick speed. During the primary portion of the 100 years, the Mughal Empire was contracting because of the development of autonomous realms. In the last part, the British had begun making major areas of strength in eastern India. Three states stand apart unmistakably among the states that were cut out of the old Mughal areas in the eighteenth 100 years. These states were established by individuals from the high Mughal honorability who had been legislative heads of enormous regions. These states and their originators are as under:

  • Awadh: Sa’adat Khan
  • Bengal: Murshid Quli Khan
  • Hyderabad: Asaf Jah
Old Mughal Provinces

Old Mughal Provinces


The pioneer behind Hyderabad, Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah, is one of the most powerful rulers of the Mughal domain that history has rarely seen. Thus, he then became the main legislative leader of Awadh and was later put in charge of the Deccan. As a principal representative, he has unlimited power over political, dictatorial, and monetary powers. He was responsible for recruiting skilled and organized soldiers from northern India, bringing new opportunities to the south of the subcontinent. Despite the fact that he was a  Mughal domain worker, he was a free ruler who did not ask for any contribution from Delhi. He was responsible for bringing in talented warriors and officers from the north and giving them fighter planes. 

As for the Hyderabad territory, they fought continuously in the light of the Maratha kingdom and the Telugu warriors on the opposite side. In achieving Nizam’s wishes, they needed to control the raw material of the Coromandel coast, controlled by the British as it became the most impressive on the continent. 


Saadat Khan was appointed Chief Legislator of Awadh in 1722 and is considered to have played a huge role in the separation from the Mughal domain. It is a place by nature responsible for controlling the rich alluvial plains of the Ganges and the shipping route between Bengal and the north of the country. The main representative in charge of overseeing the monetary, military, and political business activities of the Awadh region. He tried to reduce the influence of the Mughal kingdom on Awadh by reducing the number of officials appointed by the Mughals. 

He also reduced the number of Rajput zamindars and the ripe lands of the Afghans. Those who generate income have agreed to pay the public authority a decent amount of money, and thus they have enough opportunity to get rid of crime. These new innovations gave new groups such as brokers and lenders control over the income that the rulers set out from earlier times. 


The principal representative, Murshid Quli Khan removed Bengal from the control of the Mughal territory. Like the rulers of Awadh and Hyderabad, the Chief Representative controlled all the state’s authorized revenues. With a job to lessen the Mughal’s impact on Bengal, he moves the Jagirdars to Orissa and asks for an income reassessment to take place in Bengal. Revenue is collected strictly from the zamindars, which is problematic because they cannot provide land for the larger zamindars. 

The growth of a province in the 18th century in Bengal brought about a dramatic shift among the zamindars. There is a  recognizable close relationship between the state and the brokerage firms in Hyderabad and Awadh. During his reign, they proved to be extremely successful. 

Similarities Between Hyderabad, Awadh, and Bengal

Hyderabad, Awadh (also called Oudh), and Bengal were all historical areas inside the Indian subcontinent that shared positive similarities. Here are some commonalities among these regions:

1. Subahs of the Mughal Empire: Hyderabad, Awadh, and Bengal were all as soon as subahs (administrative divisions) of the Mughal Empire. These areas had been governed by means Mughal-appointed viceroys or nawabs who had a sure diploma of autonomy in dealing with local affairs even as acknowledging the overall authority of the Mughal emperor.

2. Rich Cultural Heritage: Each of these regions had a wealthy cultural history and contributed considerably to the arts, literature, architecture, and delicacies of the Indian subcontinent. They had been recognized for their wonderful artistic styles, local languages, and cultural practices.

3. Persian Influence: Persian way of life and language had a huge effect on Hyderabad, Awadh, and Bengal. The Mughal Empire had Persian roots, and Persian turned into broadly used as the court language in those regions. Persian literary and cultural traditions, together with poetry, tune, and structure, had been influential in shaping the cultural milieu of these areas.

4. Economic Prosperity: Hyderabad, Awadh, and Bengal were all regarded for their monetary prosperity at some stage in certain periods in records. They were centers of exchange, trade, and enterprise, and their strategic locations facilitated big alternate networks and connections with other regions and nations.

5. Muslim-majority Population: All 3 regions had massive Muslim populations. The Mughal rulers, who were Muslims, established their rule in those regions and had a long-lasting impact on the spiritual and cultural composition of the regions. However, it is worth noting that these regions also had numerous nonsecular groups, which includes Hindus and different spiritual organizations.

6. British East India Company Rule: All 3 areas got here under the management of the British East India Company at distinct times during the colonial period. The British gradually accelerated their influence and ultimately installed direct rule over those areas, finishing the authority of the local rulers. The British presence considerably impacted the social, monetary, and political structures of Hyderabad, Awadh, and Bengal.

While there are similarities among these regions, it is also important to recognize that each vicinity has its particular ancient and cultural characteristics, and the specific dynamics and reviews varied across time durations.

FAQs on Old Mughal Provinces

Q 1. Who was the organizer behind Awadh Hyderabad and Bengal?


Indeed every one of the organizers behind the three independent realms of Hyderabad, Bengal, and Awadh, to be specific Nizam-ul-Mulk, Murshid Quli Khan and Alivardi Khan, and Saadat Khan and Safdar Jung, were men of high private ethical quality. Essentially every one of them carried on with grave and basic existences.

Q 2. What did Awadh Bengal and Hyderabad share for all intents and purposes?


The three states Awadh, Bengal, and Hyderabad had specific normal highlights:

  • They were completely settled by the Mughal aristocrats, They were exceptionally dubious of a portion of the managerial framework that they had keen on specific, the jagirdari framework.
  • Their strategies for charge assortment were unique.

Q 3. For what reason was Awadh a significant area?


It was one of the main states to arise out of the separation of the Mughal Empire. It had the accompanying elements: It was a prosperous district controlling a rich alluvial Ganga plain.It was the principal shipping lane between north India and Bengal.

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