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Output of C programs | Set 55 (Shift Operators)

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Prerequisite: Shift operators Q.1 What Is The Output Of this program?
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    unsigned int i = 0x80;
    printf("%d ", i << 1);
    return 0;
}

                    
Option a) 0 b) 256 c) 100 d) 80
ans :- b
Explanation :- We know that 0x is hexa-decimal representation of number so 80 converted in decimal is 128 binary(10000000), its left shift 1 so it is (100000000)equal to 256. Q.2 What Is The Output Of this program?
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    unsigned int a = 0xffff;
    unsigned int k = ~a;
    printf("%d %d\n", a, k);
    return 0;
}

                    
Option a) 65535 -65536 b) -65535 65535 c) 65535 65535 d) -65535 -65535
ans :- a
Explanation :- This code 0x is Hexadecimal representation of number so ffff hexadecimal is converted into Decimal 65535 and stored in a. The negation of a -65535 is stored in k. k is an unsigned integer but it has a negative value in it. When k is being printed the format specifier is %d which represents signed integer thus -65536 gets printed as value of k. If the format specifier for k had been %u the value that would have been printed is 4294901760. Q.3 What Is The Output Of this program?
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    unsigned int a = -1;
    unsigned int b = 4;
    printf("%d\n", a << b);
    return 0;
}

                    
Option a) -1 b) 16 c) 8 d) -16
ans :- d
Explanation :- Here a integer is simply left-shifted 4 bit and print so it is -16. Q.4 What Is The Output Of this program?
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    unsigned int m = 32;
    printf("%d %d", m >> 1, ~m);
    return 0;
}

                    
Option a) 16 5 b) 64 -32 c) 16 33 d) 16 -33
ans :- d
Explanation :- This program 32 is(10000) and we know that negative number in binary system contain a one’s complement so here take a complement of a number and only print this number so the negation of 32 is -33. Q.5 What Is The Output Of this program?
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    unsigned int a = -1;
    unsigned int b = 15;
    printf("%d, ", a << 1);
    printf("%d\n", b >> 1);
    return 0;
}

                    
Option a) -2, 7 b) 2, 8 c) -1, 15 d) -2, 15
ans :- a
Explanation :- Here -1 binary(0001) if left shift 1 so it is -2(0010) and 15 binary(1111) is right shift 1 so it is (0111)so value 7.

Last Updated : 03 Jan, 2020
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