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Multiples of 3 and 5 without using % operator

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 11 Aug, 2021

Write a short program that prints each number from 1 to n on a new line. 
 

  1. For each multiple of 3, print “Multiple of 3” instead of the number.
  2. For each multiple of 5, print “Multiple of 5” instead of the number.
  3. For numbers which are multiples of both 3 and 5, print “Multiple of 3. Multiple of 5.” instead of the number.

Examples: 
 

Input  : 15 
Output : 1
         2
         Multiple of 3.
         4
         Multiple of 5.
         Multiple of 3.
         7
         8
         Multiple of 3.
         Multiple of 5.
         11
         Multiple of 3.
         13
         14
         Multiple of 3. Multiple of 5.

 

The idea is iterate from 1 to n and keep track of multiples of 3 and 5 by adding 3 and 5 to current multiple. If current number matches with a multiple, we update our output accordingly.
 

C++




// C++ program to print multiples
// of 3 and 5 without using % operator.
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
void findMultiples(int n)
{
    int a = 3; // To keep track of multiples of 3
    int b = 5; // To keep track of multiples of 5
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
    {
        string s = "";
 
        // Found multiple of 3
        if (i == a)
        {
            a = a + 3; // Update next multiple of 3
            s = s + "Multiple of 3. ";
        }
 
        // Found multiple of 5
        if (i == b)
        {
            b = b + 5; // Update next multiple of 5
            s = s + "Multiple of 5.";
        }
 
        if (s == "")
            cout << (i) << endl;
        else
        cout << (s) << endl;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    findMultiples(20);
 
    return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed
// by Sach_Code

Java




// Java program to print multiples of 3 and
// 5 without using % operator.
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
    static void findMultiples(int n)
    {
        int a = 3// To keep track of multiples of 3
        int b = 5// To keep track of multiples of 5
        for (int i=1; i<=n; i++)
        {
            String s = "";
 
            // Found multiple of 3
            if (i==a)
            {
                a = a + 3// Update next multiple of 3
                s = s + "Multiple of 3. ";
            }
 
            // Found multiple of 5
            if (i==b)
            {
                b = b+5// Update next multiple of 5
                s = s + "Multiple of 5.";
            }
 
            if (s == "")
                System.out.println(i);
            else  System.out.println(s);
        }
    }
 
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        findMultiples(20);
    }
}

C#




// C# program to print multiples of 3 and
// 5 without using % operator.
using System;
 
public class GFG {
     
    static void findMultiples(int n)
    {
         
        // To keep track of multiples of 3
        int a = 3;
         
        // To keep track of multiples of 5
        int b = 5;
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
        {
            String s = "";
 
            // Found multiple of 3
            if (i == a)
            {
                 
                // Update next multiple of 3
                a = a + 3;
                s = s + "Multiple of 3. ";
            }
 
            // Found multiple of 5
            if (i == b)
            {
                 
                // Update next multiple of 5
                b = b + 5;
                s = s + "Multiple of 5.";
            }
 
            if (s == "")
                Console.WriteLine(i);
            else
                Console.WriteLine(s);
        }
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main ()
    {
        findMultiples(20);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Sam007.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to print multiples
// of 3 and 5 without using % operator.
 
function findMultiples($n)
{
    $a = 3; // To keep track of multiples of 3
    $b = 5; // To keep track of multiples of 5
    for ($i = 1; $i <= $n; $i++)
    {
        $s = "";
 
        // Found multiple of 3
        if ($i == $a)
        {
            $a = $a + 3; // Update next multiple of 3
            $s = $s . "Multiple of 3. ";
        }
 
        // Found multiple of 5
        if ($i == $b)
        {
            $b = $b + 5; // Update next multiple of 5
            $s = $s . "Multiple of 5.";
        }
 
        if ($s == "")
            echo ($i). "\n";
        else
            echo ($s). "\n";
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
findMultiples(20);
 
// This code is contributed
// by Akanksha Rai(Abby_akku)

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
 
    function findMultiples(n)
    {
        let a = 3;  // To keep track of multiples of 3
        let b = 5;  // To keep track of multiples of 5
        for (let i=1; i<=n; i++)
        {
            let s = "";
 
            // Found multiple of 3
            if (i==a)
            {
                a = a + 3;  // Update next multiple of 3
                s = s + "Multiple of 3. ";
            }
 
            // Found multiple of 5
            if (i==b)
            {
                b = b+5;  // Update next multiple of 5
                s = s + "Multiple of 5.";
            }
 
            if (s == "") {
                document.write(i);
                document.write("<br />");
             }
            else {
                document.write(s);
                document.write("<br />");
            }
        }
    }
 
// Driver Code
    findMultiples(20);
    
   // This code is contributed by susmitakundugoaldanga.
</script>

Output: 
 



1
2
Multiple of 3. 
4
Multiple of 5.
Multiple of 3. 
7
8
Multiple of 3. 
Multiple of 5.
11
Multiple of 3. 
13
14
Multiple of 3. Multiple of 5.
16
17
Multiple of 3. 
19
Multiple of 5.

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1) 
This article is contributed by Nimish Jain. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
 

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