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Modern Indian History Notes For UPSC

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Modern history is a crucial topic in the UPSC exam that requires a deep understanding of the political, economic, and social changes that took place during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. The modern era witnessed significant developments in science, technology, and industrialization that reshaped the world and transformed societies. In this article, we will explore some essential notes on modern history that will help UPSC aspirants prepare effectively for the exam. We will cover key events, movements, and personalities that shaped the modern era, with a focus on India’s struggle for independence. So, if you are preparing for the UPSC exam, read on to learn more about modern history and boost your exam preparations.

Important Modern History Notes:

  1. East India Company in India
  2. How Trade Led to Battles
  3. Company Rules Expand
  4. Doctrine of Lapse
  5. Setting up New Administration
  6. Battle of Plassey
  7. Battle of Buxar 1764
  8. Land Revenue Systems of British India
  9. Economic Policy of the British in India
  10. Dual Government of Robert Clive
  11. Anglo Mysore War
  12. Anglo Gorkha War 
  13. Carnatic Wars
  14. Causes for the Decline of Portuguese Power in India
  15. Charter Act 1853
  16. The Blue Rebellion and After
  17. Significance of the Santhal Rebellion 
  18. The Revolt of 1857 (Part-2)
  19. Important Leaders Associated with the Revolt of 1857
  20. Causes of  Failure of the Revolt of 1857
  21. Lord Wellesley
  22. Lord Ripon
  23. Evaluate The Policies of Lord Curzon
  24. Hunter Commission
  25. Who was Birsa Munda and his Contribution to Indian History
  26. Various Peasants movements and Uprisings after 1857
  27. Cause and Impact of Peasant Movements on the Nationalist Phrase
  28. Ghadar Movement
  29. Orientalist – Anglicist controversy
  30. British Forest Policy in India
  31. Role of Sri Aurobindo in Freedom Struggle
  32. Role of Swami Vivekananda in Social Reform-Ramkrishna mission
  33. Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Indian National Movement
  34. Role of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Struggle for Freedom
  35. Role of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in Freedom Struggle
  36. Role of Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj and Satyashodhak Samaj
  37. Annie Besant and Theosophical Society
  38. Role of Theosophical Society, Self-Respect Movement and Prarthana Samaj
  39. Role of Print Culture to Grow Nationalism in British India
  40. Dayananda Saraswati-A Social Reformer of India
  41. Jyotiba 
  42. Partition of Bengal 
  43. Major Issues and Debates Concerning Indian Women of the 19th Century
  44. Development of Indian Press during British Rule in India
  45. Political Associations before Indian National Congress
  46. Discuss the Economic Reforms by Moderates
  47. Who was known as Frontier Gandhi
  48. All India Muslim League 
  49. All India Muslim League and Contribution to Indian National Movement
  50. Syed Ahmad Khan-Aligarh Movement
  51. Role of Ahrar Movement and Ahmadiya Movement in Muslim Reform
  52. Many Voices Strengthened and Enriched the Gandhian Phase
  53. Kheda Satyagraha (1918) – History of Modern India Notes
  54. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  55. Different Strands within the Non-Cooperation Movement
  56. Khilafat Movement 
  57. khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement
  58. Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement
  59. Difference between Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement
  60. Rowlatt Satyagraha
  61. Anti Rowlat Satyagraha
  62. Vaikom Satyagraha
  63. Bardouli Satyagraha
  64. Background of Civil Services in India Before 1923
  65. Swaraj Party
  66. Simon Commission
  67. Nehru’s Report – Gulf Between Congress and Muslim League
  68. Cripps Mission -Objective and Failure
  69. Round Table Conferences
  70. Chittagong Armoury Raid (1930)
  71. Dandi March
  72. Dandi March History and Significance
  73. Why did Mahatma Gandhi Think that English Education had Enslaved Indians?
  74. Civil Disobedience
  75. Poorna Swaraj Resolution
  76. Poona Pact 1932- History, Significance & Facts
  77. Role of British Imperial Power in Complicating the Process of Transfer of Power During 1940s
  78. Role of Several Foreigners in Indian Freedom Struggler
  79. Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference
  80. Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
  81. Indian Independence Act – 1947
  82. Amendments Passed During Emergency (1975–77)
  83. Relevance of Gandhian Principles in the 21st Century
  84. Ideological Difference between Gandhiji and Ambedkar

Tips for Preparing for the Modern History Section

Preparing for modern history for the UPSC exam requires a strategic and structured approach. Here are some tips that can help you prepare for the modern history section of the UPSC exam:

  • Understand the syllabus: Start by understanding the UPSC syllabus for modern history. This will help you identify the topics that you need to focus on and prioritize your preparation accordingly.
  • Study the standard textbooks: Study standard textbooks like NCERT books and other reference books to gain a thorough understanding of the subject. These books cover the critical events, personalities, and cultural aspects of modern history.
  • Take notes: Taking notes is a useful way to retain information and recall it during the exam. Make sure to take concise and organized notes to avoid confusion during revision.
  • Practice previous year question papers: Solving previous year question papers is an excellent way to gauge your understanding of the subject and familiarize yourself with the exam pattern. It also helps you identify the areas that you need to work on.
  • Analyze Contemporary Issues: Analyze contemporary issues and their historical context. It will help you connect the past with the present and develop a holistic understanding of the subject.
  • Make Use of Online Resources: There are many online resources like video lectures, podcasts, and online courses that can supplement your preparation. However, make sure to rely on credible sources and verify the information before including it in your notes.
  • Stay Updated: Stay updated with the latest developments in the field of modern history by reading newspapers, magazines, and academic journals. It will help you connect the past with the present and enrich your understanding of the subject.

By following these tips, you can prepare effectively for the modern history section of the UPSC exam and increase your chances of success.

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Last Updated : 04 May, 2023
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