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Maximum time such that absolute difference between hour and minute lies in given range
• Last Updated : 07 Jan, 2021

Given a 24-hour time value, where on some numbers are question marks( ‘?’ ), and two integers L and R. The question mark can be replaced with any number. The task is to find the maximum time such that the absolute difference between hour value and minute value lies in the interval [L, R]. If no possible value of time exists, then print -1.

Examples:

Input : time = “2?:03”, L = 5, R = 18
Output : 21:03
Explanation : Since, the difference is 21 – 3 = 18 and the time value 21:03 is the largest possible value whose difference lies in the range [5, 18]

Input : time = “??:??”, L = 60, R = 69
Output : -1
Explanation : Since maximum possible difference between hour value and minute value is 59. So, no time value is possible.

Approach :
We will run two nested loops, one to represent ‘hour’ value from 23 to 0 and another to represent ‘minute’ value from 59 to 0. We keep decreasing ‘hour’ and ‘minute’ value until we get the desired time value.

1. Since the maximum time value is desired, so we decrease the ‘hour’ value from 23 to 0 and similarly ‘minute’ value from 59 to 0.
2. After decreasing the ‘hour’ and ‘minute’ value, we need to check if the ‘hour’ and ‘minute’ value is valid or not.
3. Change in value of ‘hour’ and ‘minute’ is allowed only at those positions which have ‘?’. Changes at other positions will make time value invalid. To ensure this we will call function isValid().
4. Keep on decreasing ‘hour’ and ‘minute’ value until a valid time is found whose difference lies in the range [ L, R ].
5. If no valid time is found, then print “-1”.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program for the above approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function checks whether``// given time is correct``bool` `isValid(``char` `a1, ``char` `a2,``             ``string str, ``int` `flag)``{` `    ``char` `v1, v2;``    ``// To check minute value of time``    ``if` `(flag == 0) {``        ``v1 = str;``        ``v2 = str;``    ``}``    ``else` `{``        ``// To check hour value of time``        ``v1 = str;``        ``v2 = str;``    ``}` `    ``// Changes in value is not allowed``    ``// at position where '?' is not``    ``// present``    ``if` `(v1 != a1 && v1 != ``'?'``)``        ``return` `false``;``    ``if` `(v2 != a2 && v2 != ``'?'``)``        ``return` `false``;` `    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Function checks whether``// the absolute difference``// between hour and minute``// value is within [L, R]``bool` `inRange(``int` `hh,``             ``int` `mm, ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `a = ``abs``(hh - mm);` `    ``// Checks if the difference is outside``    ``// the give range``    ``if` `(a < L || a > R)``        ``return` `false``;` `    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Displays time in proper``// 24-hour format``void` `displayTime(``int` `hh, ``int` `mm)``{``    ``if` `(hh > 10)``        ``cout << hh << ``":"``;``    ``else` `if` `(hh < 10)``        ``cout << ``"0"` `<< hh << ``":"``;` `    ``if` `(mm > 10)``        ``cout << mm << endl;``    ``else` `if` `(mm < 10)``        ``cout << ``"0"` `<< mm << endl;``}` `// Function find the desired``// value of time whose difference``// lies in the range [L, R]``void` `maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(``    ``string str,``    ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `i, j;``    ``int` `h1, h2, m1, m2;` `    ``// Decrease hour value from 23 to 0``    ``for` `(i = 23; i >= 0; i--) {``        ``h1 = i % 10;``        ``h2 = i / 10;` `        ``// Check if the hour value is valid``        ``// if not valid then no need to change``        ``// minute value, since time will still``        ``// remain in valid, to check hour value``        ``// flag is set to 1.``        ``if` `(!isValid(h1 + ``'0'``, h2 + ``'0'``, str, 1)) {``            ``continue``;``        ``}` `        ``// Decrease minute value from 59 to 0``        ``for` `(j = 59; j >= 0; j--) {``            ``m1 = j % 10;``            ``m2 = j / 10;` `            ``// Check if the minute value is valid,``            ``// if not valid then skip the current``            ``// iteration, to check 'minute' value``            ``// flag is set to 0.``            ``if` `(!isValid(m1 + ``'0'``, m2 + ``'0'``, str, 0)) {``                ``continue``;``            ``}` `            ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R)) {``                ``displayTime(i, j);``                ``return``;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``    ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R))``        ``displayTime(i, j);``    ``else``        ``cout << ``"-1"` `<< endl;``}` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``// Input time``    ``string timeValue = ``"??:??"``;` `    ``// Difference range``    ``int` `L = 20, R = 39;``    ``maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(``        ``timeValue,``        ``L, R);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program for``// the above approach``import` `java.util.*;``class` `GFG {``  ` `// Function checks whether``// given time is correct``static` `boolean` `isValid(``char` `a1, ``char` `a2,``                       ``String str, ``int` `flag)``{``  ``char` `v1, v2;``  ` `  ``// To check minute value of time``  ``if` `(flag == ``0``)``  ``{``    ``v1 = str.charAt(``4``);``    ``v2 = str.charAt(``3``);``  ``}``  ``else``  ``{``    ``// To check hour value of time``    ``v1 = str.charAt(``1``);``    ``v2 = str.charAt(``0``);``  ``}` `  ``// Changes in value is not allowed``  ``// at position where '?' is not``  ``// present``  ``if` `(v1 != a1 && v1 != ``'?'``)``    ``return` `false``;``  ``if` `(v2 != a2 && v2 != ``'?'``)``    ``return` `false``;` `  ``return` `true``;``}` `// Function checks whether``// the absolute difference``// between hour and minute``// value is within [L, R]``static` `boolean` `inRange(``int` `hh, ``int` `mm,``                       ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``  ``int` `a = Math.abs(hh - mm);` `  ``// Checks if the difference``  ``// is outside the give range``  ``if` `(a < L || a > R)``    ``return` `false``;` `  ``return` `true``;``}` `// Displays time in proper``// 24-hour format``static` `void` `displayTime(``int` `hh, ``int` `mm)``{``  ``if` `(hh > ``10``)``    ``System.out.print(hh + ``":"``);``  ``else` `if` `(hh < ``10``)``    ``System.out.print(``"0"` `+ hh + ``":"``);` `  ``if` `(mm > ``10``)``    ``System.out.println(mm);``  ``else` `if` `(mm < ``10``)``    ``System.out.println(``"0"` `+ mm);``}` `// Function find the desired``// value of time whose difference``// lies in the range [L, R]``static` `void` `maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(String str,``                                             ``int` `L,``                                             ``int` `R)``{``  ``int` `i = ``0``, j = ``0``;``  ``int` `h1, h2, m1, m2;` `  ``// Decrease hour value``  ``// from 23 to 0``  ``for` `(i = ``23``; i >= ``0``; i--)``  ``{``    ``h1 = i % ``10``;``    ``h2 = i / ``10``;` `    ``// Check if the hour value``    ``// is valid if not valid``    ``// then no need to change``    ``// minute value, since time``    ``// will still remain in valid,``    ``// to check hour value``    ``// flag is set to 1.``    ``if` `(!isValid((``char``)h1,``                 ``(``char``)h2, str, ``1``))``    ``{``      ``continue``;``    ``}` `    ``// Decrease minute value``    ``// from 59 to 0``    ``for` `(j = ``59``; j >= ``0``; j--)``    ``{``      ``m1 = j % ``10``;``      ``m2 = j / ``10``;` `      ``// Check if the minute value``      ``// is valid, if not valid``      ``// then skip the current``      ``// iteration, to check``      ``// 'minute' value``      ``// flag is set to 0.``      ``if` `(!isValid((``char``)m1,``                   ``(``char``)m2, str, ``0``))``      ``{``        ``continue``;``      ``}` `      ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R))``      ``{``        ``displayTime(i, j);``        ``return``;``      ``}``    ``}``  ``}``  ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R))``    ``displayTime(i, j);``  ``else``    ``System.out.println(``"-1"``);``}` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``  ``// Input time``  ``String timeValue = ``"??:??"``;` `  ``// Difference range``  ``int` `L = ``20``, R = ``39``;``  ``maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(timeValue, L, R);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Chitranayal`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program for the above approach` `# Function checks whether``# given time is correct``def` `isValid(a1, a2, strr, flag):` `    ``v1, v2 ``=` `0``, ``0``    ` `    ``# To check minute value of time``    ``if` `(flag ``=``=` `0``):``        ``v1 ``=` `strr[``4``]``        ``v2 ``=` `strr[``3``]``    ``else``:``        ` `        ``# To check hour value of time``        ``v1 ``=` `strr[``1``]``        ``v2 ``=` `strr[``0``]` `    ``# Changes in value is not allowed``    ``# at position where '?' is not``    ``# present``    ``if` `(v1 !``=` `a1 ``and` `v1 !``=` `'?'``):``        ``return` `False``    ``if` `(v2 !``=` `a2 ``and` `v2 !``=` `'?'``):``        ``return` `False` `    ``return` `True` `# Function checks whether``# the absolute difference``# between hour and minute``# value is within [L, R]``def` `inRange(hh, mm, L, R):``    ``a ``=` `abs``(hh ``-` `mm)` `    ``# Checks if the difference is``    ``# outside the give range``    ``if` `(a < L ``or` `a > R):``        ``return` `False` `    ``return` `True` `# Displays time in proper``# 24-hour format``def` `displayTime(hh, mm):` `    ``if` `(hh > ``10``):``        ``print``(hh, end ``=` `":"``)``    ``elif` `(hh < ``10``):``        ``print``(``"0"``, hh, end ``=` `":"``)` `    ``if` `(mm > ``10``):``        ``print``(mm)``    ``elif` `(mm < ``10``):``        ``print``(``"0"``, mm)` `# Function find the desired``# value of time whose difference``# lies in the range [L, R]``def` `maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(strr, L, R):``    ` `    ``i, j ``=` `0``, ``0``    ``h1, h2, m1, m2 ``=` `0``, ``0``, ``0``, ``0` `    ``# Decrease hour value from 23 to 0``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``23``, ``-``1``, ``-``1``):``        ``h1 ``=` `i ``%` `10``        ``h2 ``=` `i ``/``/` `10` `        ``# Check if the hour value is valid``        ``# if not valid then no need to change``        ``# minute value, since time will still``        ``# remain in valid, to check hour value``        ``# flag is set to 1.``        ``if` `(``not` `isValid(``chr``(h1), ``chr``(h2), strr, ``1``)):``            ``continue` `        ``# Decrease minute value from 59 to 0``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``59``, ``-``1``, ``-``1``):``            ``m1 ``=` `j ``%` `10``            ``m2 ``=` `j ``/``/` `10` `            ``# Check if the minute value is valid,``            ``# if not valid then skip the current``            ``# iteration, to check 'minute' value``            ``# flag is set to 0.``            ``if` `(``not` `isValid(``chr``(m1), ``chr``(m2),``                            ``strr, ``0``)):``                ``continue` `            ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R)):``                ``displayTime(i, j)``                ``return` `                ` `    ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R)):``        ``displayTime(i, j)``    ``else``:``        ``print``(``-``1``)` `# Driver code` `# Input time``timeValue ``=` `"??:??"` `# Difference range``L ``=` `20``R ``=` `39``    ` `maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(timeValue, L, R)` `# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29`

## C#

 `// C# program for the above approach``using` `System;` `class` `GFG{``    ` `// Function checks whether``// given time is correct``static` `bool` `isValid(``char` `a1, ``char` `a2,``                    ``string` `str, ``int` `flag)``{``    ``char` `v1, v2;``    ` `    ``// To check minute value of time``    ``if` `(flag == 0)``    ``{``        ``v1 = str;``        ``v2 = str;``    ``}``    ``else``    ``{``        ` `        ``// To check hour value of time``        ``v1 = str;``        ``v2 = str;``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Changes in value is not allowed``    ``// at position where '?' is not``    ``// present``    ``if` `(v1 != a1 && v1 != ``'?'``)``    ``{``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}``    ``if` `(v2 != a2 && v2 != ``'?'``)``    ``{``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}``    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Function checks whether``// the absolute difference``// between hour and minute``// value is within [L, R]``static` `bool` `inRange(``int` `hh, ``int` `mm,``                    ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `a = Math.Abs(hh - mm);``    ` `    ``// Checks if the difference``    ``// is outside the give range``    ``if` `(a < L || a > R)``    ``{``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}``    ``return` `true``;``}` `// Displays time in proper``// 24-hour format``static` `void` `displayTime(``int` `hh, ``int` `mm)``{``    ``if` `(hh > 10)``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(hh + ``":"``);``    ``}``    ``else` `if` `(hh < 10)``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(``"0"` `+ hh + ``":"``);``    ``}``    ``if` `(mm > 10)``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(mm);``    ``}``    ``else` `if` `(mm < 10)``    ``{``        ``Console.Write(``"0"` `+ mm);``    ``}``}` `// Function find the desired``// value of time whose difference``// lies in the range [L, R]``static` `void` `maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(``    ``string` `str, ``int` `L, ``int` `R)``{``    ``int` `i = 0, j = 0;``    ``int` `h1, h2, m1, m2;``    ` `    ``// Decrease hour value``    ``// from 23 to 0``    ``for``(i = 23; i >= 0; i--)``    ``{``        ``h1 = i % 10;``        ``h2 = i / 10;``        ` `        ``// Check if the hour value``        ``// is valid if not valid``        ``// then no need to change``        ``// minute value, since time``        ``// will still remain in valid,``        ``// to check hour value``        ``// flag is set to 1.   ``        ``if` `(!isValid((``char``)h1, (``char``)h2, str, 1))``        ``{``            ``continue``;``        ``}``        ` `        ``// Decrease minute value``        ``// from 59 to 0``        ``for``(j = 59; j >= 0; j--)``        ``{``            ``m1 = j % 10;``            ``m2 = j / 10;``            ` `            ``// Check if the minute value``            ``// is valid, if not valid``            ``// then skip the current``            ``// iteration, to check``            ``// 'minute' value``            ``// flag is set to 0.``            ``if` `(!isValid((``char``)m1, (``char``)m2, str, 0))``            ``{``                ``continue``;``            ``}``            ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R))``            ``{``                ``displayTime(i, j);``                ``return``;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``    ``if` `(inRange(i, j, L, R))``    ``{``        ``displayTime(i, j);``    ``}``    ``else``    ``{``        ``Console.WriteLine(``"-1"``);``    ``}``}` `// Driver code``static` `public` `void` `Main()``{``    ` `    ``// Input time``    ``string` `timeValue = ``"??:??"``;``    ` `    ``// Difference range``    ``int` `L = 20, R = 39;``    ` `    ``maximumTimeWithDifferenceInRange(timeValue, L, R);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155`
Output:
`23:59`

Time Complexity: O(1)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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