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Maximum sum of points over K buildings of N floors with M jumps

  • Last Updated : 01 Oct, 2021

Given K buildings with N floors and a person standing on the ground who can make at most M jumps. The person has to climb to the top and collect maximum points. Find the maximum number of points that can be collected if the person can either climb up the stairs to the next floor of the same building or he can jump to the next floor of any of the adjacent buildings.

Example:

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Input: N = 5, M = 2, K = 3, 
points = [ [4, 5, 1, 2, 10], 
[9, 7, 3, 20, 16], 
[ 6, 12, 13, 9, 8] ]
Output: 70
Explanation: Start from building 2. Collect the 9 points in the first floor.
Jump to building 3. Collect the 12 points from the second and 13 points from third floor. (Jump 1)
Jump back to building 2. Collect the 20 points from fourth floor and 16 points in fifth floor. (Jump 2)
Number of jumps made = 2
Number of points collected= 9+12+13+20+16 = 70 points



Input: N = 4, M = 1, K = 3, 
points = [ [7, 5, 4, 10], 
[8, 9, 20, 16], 
[ 12, 13, 3, 8] ]
Output: 61

Approach: Given problem can be solved using dynamic programming:

  • First we define the state of dp
    • dp(i, j, k) state – the maximum number of points that can be collected if the person is at ith floor having made at most j jumps and ended up at kth building
  • Then we will define the base cases
    • If there is only one floor then the person cannot jump, put the number of points at that location.
    • If there are 0 jumps allowed then can choose one of the three building and keep climbing up on the same building.
    • so, person can only take points from prev floor of same building and add current points
  • Then we will define the transition between states
  • if we are on first building then we can:
    • come from the first building, one floor down, no jumps
    • come from the next building, one floor down, one jump added
  • add points stored in building 1 at ith floor for both cases
  • If we are on intermediate building then we can:
    • come from the previous building, one floor down, one jump added
    • come from the current building, one floor down, no jump
    • can come from the next building, one floor down, one jump added
  • will add points stored in intermediate building at ith floor for all 3 cases
  • If we are on last building then we can:
    • come from previous building, one floor down, one jump added
    • come from last building, one floor down, no jump added
  • will add points stored in last building at ith floor for both cases
  • For the final answer, return the maximum of points collected over the top floor of all building after engaging in permissible number of jumps.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++14




// C++ implementation for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
int solve(vector<vector<int> >& a, int floors,
          int jumps, int buildings)
{
    /*
     dp(i, j, k) represents state of the maximum
     number of points that can be collected if
     the person is at ith floor having made at
     most j jumps and ended up at kth building.
    */
    int dp[floors + 1][jumps + 1][buildings + 1];
 
    // Initializing dp with 0
    memset(dp, 0, sizeof(dp));
    for (int i = 1; i <= floors; i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j <= jumps; j++) {
            for (int k = 0; k < buildings; k++) {
 
                // Base case: first floor
                if (i == 1) {
                    // Cannot jump on ground floor
                    // from any other building
                    dp[i][j][k] = a[k][i - 1];
                }
 
                // Base case: no jumps allowed
                else if (j == 0) {
 
                    /* can choose one of the buildings
                    and keep climbing up on the
                    same building so can only take
                    points from prev floor of same
                    building and add current points
                 */
                    dp[i][j][k] = dp[i - 1][j][k]
                                  + a[k][i - 1];
                }
 
                // transition
                else {
 
                    // first building
                    if (k == 0) {
 
                        /*
                        1)can come from building 1,
                        one floor down, no jumps.
                        2)can come from building 2,
                        one floor down, one jump added.
                        add points stored in building 1
                        at the ith floor for both cases.
                        */
                        dp[i][j][k] = max(dp[i - 1][j][k],
                                          dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1])
                                      + a[k][i - 1];
                    }
 
                    // Last Building
                    else if (k == buildings - 1) {
 
                        /*
                       1)Can come from building k-1 from
                         one floor below, one jump added.
                       2)Can come from building k from
                        one floor below, no jump added.
                        add points stored in building k
                        at the ith floor for both cases.
                            */
                        dp[i][j][k]
                            = max(
                                  dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],
                                  dp[i - 1][j][k])
                              + a[k][i - 1];
                    }
 
                    // intermediate buildings
                    else {
 
                        /*
                        1)Can come from the building k-1,
                        one floor down, one jump added
                        2)Can come from the building k,
                        one floor down, no jump
                        3)Can come from the building k+1,
                        one floor down, one jump added.
                        add points stored in building k
                        at the ith floor for all 3 cases
                        */
                        dp[i][j][k]
                            = max(
                                  { dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],
                                    dp[i - 1][j][k],
                                    dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1] })
                              + a[k][i - 1];
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Return the maximum of points collected
    // over the top floor of all building after
    // engaging in permissible number of jumps
    int ans = 0;
    for (int building = 0; building < buildings; building++)
        ans = max(ans, dp[floors][jumps][building]);
 
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // Number of floors
    // and number of jumps allowed.
    int N = 5, M = 2, K = 3;
 
    // Number of points
    // at each floor of the buildings.
    vector<vector<int> > a = {
        { 4, 5, 1, 2, 10 },
        { 9, 7, 3, 20, 16 },
        { 6, 12, 13, 9, 8 }
    };
 
    // Function call
    cout << solve(a, N, M, K) << endl;
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
 
  static int solve(int[][] a, int floors,
                   int jumps, int buildings)
  {
    /*
     dp(i, j, k) represents state of the maximum
     number of points that can be collected if
     the person is at ith floor having made at
     most j jumps and ended up at kth building.
    */
    int [][][]dp = new int[floors + 1][jumps + 1][buildings + 1];
 
    for (int i = 1; i <= floors; i++) {
      for (int j = 0; j <= jumps; j++) {
        for (int k = 0; k < buildings; k++) {
 
          // Base case: first floor
          if (i == 1) {
            // Cannot jump on ground floor
            // from any other building
            dp[i][j][k] = a[k][i - 1];
          }
 
          // Base case: no jumps allowed
          else if (j == 0) {
 
            /* can choose one of the buildings
                    and keep climbing up on the
                    same building so can only take
                    points from prev floor of same
                    building and add current points
                 */
            dp[i][j][k] = dp[i - 1][j][k]
              + a[k][i - 1];
          }
 
          // transition
          else {
 
            // first building
            if (k == 0) {
 
              /*
                        1)can come from building 1,
                        one floor down, no jumps.
                        2)can come from building 2,
                        one floor down, one jump added.
                        add points stored in building 1
                        at the ith floor for both cases.
                        */
              dp[i][j][k] = Math.max(dp[i - 1][j][k],
                                     dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1])
                + a[k][i - 1];
            }
 
            // Last Building
            else if (k == buildings - 1) {
 
              /*
                       1)Can come from building k-1 from
                         one floor below, one jump added.
                       2)Can come from building k from
                        one floor below, no jump added.
                        add points stored in building k
                        at the ith floor for both cases.
                            */
              dp[i][j][k]
                = Math.max(
                dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],
                dp[i - 1][j][k])
                + a[k][i - 1];
            }
 
            // intermediate buildings
            else {
 
              /*
                        1)Can come from the building k-1,
                        one floor down, one jump added
                        2)Can come from the building k,
                        one floor down, no jump
                        3)Can come from the building k+1,
                        one floor down, one jump added.
                        add points stored in building k
                        at the ith floor for all 3 cases
                        */
              dp[i][j][k]
                = Math.max(
                Math.max( dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],
                         dp[i - 1][j][k]),
                dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1] )
                + a[k][i - 1];
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
 
    // Return the maximum of points collected
    // over the top floor of all building after
    // engaging in permissible number of jumps
    int ans = 0;
    for (int building = 0; building < buildings; building++)
      ans = Math.max(ans, dp[floors][jumps][building]);
 
    return ans;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
     
    // Number of floors
    // and number of jumps allowed.
    int N = 5, M = 2, K = 3;
 
    // Number of points
    // at each floor of the buildings.
    int[][] a = {
      { 4, 5, 1, 2, 10 },
      { 9, 7, 3, 20, 16 },
      { 6, 12, 13, 9, 8 }
    };
 
    // Function call
    System.out.print(solve(a, N, M, K) +"\n");
 
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Princi Singh

Python3




# Python 3 implementation for the above approach
 
def solve(a, floors, jumps, buildings):
   
    #dp(i, j, k) represents state of the maximum
    #number of points that can be collected if
    #the person is at ith floor having made at
    #most j jumps and ended up at kth building.
    dp = [[[0 for i in range(buildings + 1)] for j in range(jumps + 1)] for k in range(floors + 1)]
 
    for i in range(1, floors + 1, 1):
        for j in range(0, jumps + 1, 1):
            for k in range(buildings):
               
                # Base case: first floor
                if (i == 1):
                   
                    # Cannot jump on ground floor
                    # from any other building
                    dp[i][j][k] = a[k][i - 1]
 
                # Base case: no jumps allowed
                elif(j == 0):
                   
                    # can choose one of the buildings
                    # and keep climbing up on the
                    # same building so can only take
                    # points from prev floor of same
                    # building and add current points
                    dp[i][j][k] = dp[i - 1][j][k] + a[k][i - 1]
 
                # transition
                else:
 
                    # first building
                    if (k == 0):
                        # 1)can come from building 1,
                        # one floor down, no jumps.
                        # 2)can come from building 2,
                        # one floor down, one jump added.
                        # add points stored in building 1
                        # at the ith floor for both cases.
                        dp[i][j][k] = max(dp[i - 1][j][k], dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1]) + a[k][i - 1]
 
                    # Last Building
                    elif(k == buildings - 1):
                        # 1)Can come from building k-1 from
                        # one floor below, one jump added.
                        # 2)Can come from building k from
                        # one floor below, no jump added.
                        # add points stored in building k
                        # at the ith floor for both cases.
                        dp[i][j][k] = max(dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],dp[i - 1][j][k]) + a[k][i - 1]
 
                    # intermediate buildings
                    else:
                        # 1)Can come from the building k-1,
                        # one floor down, one jump added
                        # 2)Can come from the building k,
                        # one floor down, no jump
                        # 3)Can come from the building k+1,
                        # one floor down, one jump added.
                        # add points stored in building k
                        # at the ith floor for all 3 cases
                        dp[i][j][k] = max([dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],dp[i - 1][j][k],dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1]])+ a[k][i - 1]
 
    # Return the maximum of points collected
    # over the top floor of all building after
    # engaging in permissible number of jumps
    ans = 0
    for temp in range(buildings):
        ans = max(ans, dp[floors][jumps][temp])
 
    return ans
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
   
    # Number of floors
    # and number of jumps allowed.
    N = 5
    M = 2
    K = 3
 
    # Number of points
    # at each floor of the buildings.
    a = [[4, 5, 1, 2, 10],
         [9, 7, 3, 20, 16],
         [6, 12, 13, 9, 8]]
 
    # Function call
    print(solve(a, N, M, K))
     
    # This code is contributed by ipg2016107.

C#




// C# implementation for the above approach
using System;
 
class GFG
{
 
  static int solve(int[,] a, int floors,
                   int jumps, int buildings)
  {
    /*
     dp(i, j, k) represents state of the maximum
     number of points that can be collected if
     the person is at ith floor having made at
     most j jumps and ended up at kth building.
    */
    int [,,]dp = new int[floors + 1,jumps + 1,buildings + 1];
 
    for (int i = 1; i <= floors; i++) {
      for (int j = 0; j <= jumps; j++) {
        for (int k = 0; k < buildings; k++) {
 
          // Base case: first floor
          if (i == 1)
          {
             
            // Cannot jump on ground floor
            // from any other building
            dp[i, j, k] = a[k, i - 1];
          }
 
          // Base case: no jumps allowed
          else if (j == 0) {
 
            /* can choose one of the buildings
                    and keep climbing up on the
                    same building so can only take
                    points from prev floor of same
                    building and add current points
                 */
            dp[i, j, k] = dp[i - 1, j, k]
              + a[k, i - 1];
          }
 
          // transition
          else {
 
            // first building
            if (k == 0) {
 
              /*
                        1)can come from building 1,
                        one floor down, no jumps.
                        2)can come from building 2,
                        one floor down, one jump added.
                        add points stored in building 1
                        at the ith floor for both cases.
                        */
              dp[i, j, k] = Math.Max(dp[i - 1, j, k],
                                     dp[i - 1, j - 1, k + 1])
                + a[k,i - 1];
            }
 
            // Last Building
            else if (k == buildings - 1) {
 
              /*
                       1)Can come from building k-1 from
                         one floor below, one jump added.
                       2)Can come from building k from
                        one floor below, no jump added.
                        add points stored in building k
                        at the ith floor for both cases.
                            */
              dp[i, j, k]
                = Math.Max(
                dp[i - 1,j - 1,k - 1],
                dp[i - 1,j,k])
                + a[k,i - 1];
            }
 
            // intermediate buildings
            else {
 
              /*
                        1)Can come from the building k-1,
                        one floor down, one jump added
                        2)Can come from the building k,
                        one floor down, no jump
                        3)Can come from the building k+1,
                        one floor down, one jump added.
                        add points stored in building k
                        at the ith floor for all 3 cases
                        */
              dp[i, j, k]
                = Math.Max(
                Math.Max( dp[i - 1, j - 1, k - 1],
                         dp[i - 1, j, k]),
                dp[i - 1, j - 1, k + 1] )
                + a[k, i - 1];
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
 
    // Return the maximum of points collected
    // over the top floor of all building after
    // engaging in permissible number of jumps
    int ans = 0;
    for (int building = 0; building < buildings; building++)
      ans = Math.Max(ans, dp[floors,jumps,building]);
 
    return ans;
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void Main(string[] args)
  {
     
    // Number of floors
    // and number of jumps allowed.
    int N = 5, M = 2, K = 3;
 
    // Number of points
    // at each floor of the buildings.
    int[,] a = {
      { 4, 5, 1, 2, 10 },
      { 9, 7, 3, 20, 16 },
      { 6, 12, 13, 9, 8 }
    };
 
    // Function call
    Console.WriteLine(solve(a, N, M, K));
 
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by AnkThon

Javascript




<script>
        // JavaScript Program to implement
        // the above approach
        function solve(a, floors, jumps, buildings)
        {
         
            /*
             dp(i, j, k) represents state of the maximum
             number of points that can be collected if
             the person is at ith floor having made at
             most j jumps and ended up at kth building.
            */
            var dp = new Array(floors + 1);
             
            // create 2D
            for (let i = 0; i < dp.length; i++)
            {
                dp[i] = new Array(jumps + 1).fill(0);
            }
             
            // create 3D
            for (let i = 0; i < dp.length; i++)
            {
                for (let j = 0; j < dp[0].length; j++)
                {
                    dp[i][j] = new Array(buildings + 1).fill(0);
                }
            }
 
            // Initializing dp with 0
            for (let i = 1; i <= floors; i++) {
                for (let j = 0; j <= jumps; j++) {
                    for (let k = 0; k < buildings; k++) {
 
                        // Base case: first floor
                        if (i == 1)
                        {
                         
                            // Cannot jump on ground floor
                            // from any other building
                            dp[i][j][k] = a[k][i - 1];
                        }
 
                        // Base case: no jumps allowed
                        else if (j == 0) {
 
                            /* can choose one of the buildings
                            and keep climbing up on the
                            same building so can only take
                            points from prev floor of same
                            building and add current points
                         */
                            dp[i][j][k] = dp[i - 1][j][k]
                                + a[k][i - 1];
                        }
 
                        // transition
                        else {
 
                            // first building
                            if (k == 0) {
 
                                /*
                                1)can come from building 1,
                                one floor down, no jumps.
                                2)can come from building 2,
                                one floor down, one jump added.
                                add points stored in building 1
                                at the ith floor for both cases.
                                */
                                dp[i][j][k] = Math.max(dp[i - 1][j][k],
                                    dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1])
                                    + a[k][i - 1];
                            }
 
                            // Last Building
                            else if (k == buildings - 1) {
 
                                /*
                               1)Can come from building k-1 from
                                 one floor below, one jump added.
                               2)Can come from building k from
                                one floor below, no jump added.
                                add points stored in building k
                                at the ith floor for both cases.
                                    */
                                dp[i][j][k]
                                    = Math.max(
                                        dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],
                                        dp[i - 1][j][k])
                                    + a[k][i - 1];
                            }
 
                            // intermediate buildings
                            else {
 
                                /*
                                1)Can come from the building k-1,
                                one floor down, one jump added
                                2)Can come from the building k,
                                one floor down, no jump
                                3)Can come from the building k+1,
                                one floor down, one jump added.
                                add points stored in building k
                                at the ith floor for all 3 cases
                                */
                                dp[i][j][k]
                                    = Math.max(
                                        dp[i - 1][j - 1][k - 1],
                                        dp[i - 1][j][k],
                                        dp[i - 1][j - 1][k + 1])
                                    + a[k][i - 1];
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
 
            // Return the maximum of points collected
            // over the top floor of all building after
            // engaging in permissible number of jumps
            let ans = 0;
            for (let building = 0; building < buildings; building++)
                ans = Math.max(ans, dp[floors][jumps][building]);
 
            return ans;
        }
 
        // Driver code
 
        // Number of floors
        // and number of jumps allowed.
        let N = 5, M = 2, K = 3;
 
        // Number of points
        // at each floor of the buildings.
        let a = [
            [4, 5, 1, 2, 10],
            [9, 7, 3, 20, 16],
            [6, 12, 13, 9, 8]
        ];
 
        // Function call
        document.write(solve(a, N, M, K));
 
// This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh
 
    </script>
Output: 
70

 

Time Complexity: O(N*M*K) which means O(floors*jumps*buildings)
Auxiliary Space: O(N*M*K) which means O(floors*jumps*buildings)

 




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