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# Maximum Squares possible parallel to both axes from N distinct points

• Last Updated : 12 Sep, 2022

Given Xi and Yi co-ordinate of N distinct points in the 2-D Plane, the task is to count the number of squares that can be formed from these points that are parallel to both X and Y-axis.
Examples:

Input : X[] = { 0, 2, 0, 2 }, Y[] = { 0, 2, 2, 0 }
Output :
Explanation: Only one Square can be formed using these points –
(0, 2)(2, 2)
(0, 0)(2, 0)
Input : X[] = { 3, 2, 0, 6 }, Y[] = { 0, 2, 0, 6 }
Output :
Explanation: No Square can be formed using these points –
(3,0),(2,0), (0,0), (6,6)

Naive Approach: Iterate over all possible combinations of four points and check if a square can be formed that is parallel to both X and Y-axis. The time complexity of this approach would be O(N4)
Efficient Approach: We can observe that for any four points to make a required square, the following conditions must hold true –

• The points lying in the same horizontal line must have the same Y co-ordinates.

• The points lying in the same vertical line must have the same X co-ordinates.

• The distance between these points should be same.

Thus the four points of any square can be written as P1(X1, Y1), P2(X2, Y1), P3(X2, Y2) and P4(X1, Y2) in clockwise direction.
Consider any two points on the same horizontal or vertical line from the given ones. Calculate the distance between them. Based on that, form the other two points. Now check if both of the given points are present or not. If so, it ensures that a square is present. Hence, increase the count and proceed further.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function that returns the count of``// squares parallel to both X and Y-axis``// from a given set of points``int` `countSquares(``int``* X, ``int``* Y, ``int` `N)``{``    ``// Initialize result``    ``int` `count = 0;` `    ``// Initialize a set to store points``    ``set > points;` `    ``// Initialize a map to store the``    ``// points in the same vertical line``    ``map<``int``, vector<``int``> > vertical;` `    ``// Store the points in a set``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``points.insert({ X[i], Y[i] });``    ``}` `    ``// Store the points in the same vertical line``    ``// i.e. with same X co-ordinates``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``vertical[X[i]].push_back(Y[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// Check for every two points``    ``// in the same vertical line``    ``for` `(``auto` `line : vertical) {``        ``int` `X1 = line.first;``        ``vector<``int``> yList = line.second;` `        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < yList.size(); i++) {``            ``int` `Y1 = yList[i];``            ``for` `(``int` `j = i + 1; j < yList.size(); j++) {``                ``int` `Y2 = yList[j];``                ``int` `side = ``abs``(Y1 - Y2);``                ``int` `X2 = X1 + side;` `                ``// Check if other two point are present or not``                ``if` `(points.find({ X2, Y1 }) != points.end()``                ``and points.find({ X2, Y2 }) != points.end())``                    ``count++;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``return` `count;``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `X[] = { 0, 2, 0, 2 }, Y[] = { 0, 2, 2, 0 };` `    ``int` `N = ``sizeof``(X) / ``sizeof``(X);` `    ``cout << countSquares(X, Y, N);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation of the approach``import` `java.util.*;``public` `class` `GFG``{``    ``// Function that returns the count of``    ``// squares parallel to both X and Y-axis``    ``// from a given set of points``    ``static` `int` `countSquares(``int``[] X, ``int``[] Y, ``int` `N)``    ``{``        ``// Initialize result``        ``int` `count = ``0``;``    ` `        ``// Initialize a set to store points``        ``HashSet points = ``new` `HashSet();``    ` `        ``// Initialize a map to store the``        ``// points in the same vertical line``        ``HashMap > vertical = ``new` `HashMap>();``    ` `        ``// Store the points in a set``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < N; i++) {``            ``points.add( String.valueOf(X[i]) + ``"#"` `+ String.valueOf(Y[i]));``        ``}``    ` `        ``// Store the points in the same vertical line``        ``// i.e. with same X co-ordinates``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < N; i++) {``            ``if` `(!vertical.containsKey(X[i]))``                ``vertical.put(X[i], ``new` `ArrayList());``            ``ArrayList l1 = vertical.get(X[i]);``            ``l1.add(Y[i]);``            ``vertical.put(X[i], l1);``        ``}``    ` `        ``// Check for every two points``        ``// in the same vertical line``        ``for` `(var line : vertical.entrySet()) {``            ``int` `X1 = line.getKey();``            ``ArrayList yList = line.getValue();``    ` `            ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < yList.size(); i++) {``                ``int` `Y1 = yList.get(i);``                ``for` `(``int` `j = i + ``1``; j < yList.size(); j++) {``                    ``int` `Y2 = yList.get(j);``                    ``int` `side = Math.abs(Y1 - Y2);``                    ``int` `X2 = X1 + side;``    ` `                    ``// Check if other two point are present or not``                    ``if` `(points.contains( String.valueOf(X2) + ``"#"` `+ String.valueOf(Y1)) && points.contains( String.valueOf(X2) + ``"#"` `+ String.valueOf(Y2)))``                        ``count++;``                ``}``            ``}``        ``}``    ` `        ``return` `count;``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``int``[] X = { ``0``, ``2``, ``0``, ``2` `};``        ``int``[] Y = { ``0``, ``2``, ``2``, ``0` `};``    ` `        ``int` `N = X.length;``    ` `       ``System.out.println(countSquares(X, Y, N));``    ` `    ``}``}`  `// This code is contributed by phasing17`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the approach` `# Function that returns the count of``# squares parallel to both X and Y-axis``# from a given set of points``def` `countSquares(X,  Y, N) :` `    ``# Initialize result``    ``count ``=` `0``;` `    ``# Initialize a set to store points``    ``points ``=` `[];` `    ``# Initialize a map to store the``    ``# points in the same vertical line``    ``vertical ``=` `dict``.fromkeys(X, ``None``);` `    ``# Store the points in a set``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N) :``        ``points.append((X[i], Y[i]));` `    ``# Store the points in the same vertical line``    ``# i.e. with same X co-ordinates``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N) :``        ``if` `vertical[X[i]] ``is` `None` `:``            ``vertical[X[i]] ``=` `[Y[i]];``        ``else` `:``            ``vertical[X[i]].append(Y[i]);` `    ``# Check for every two points``    ``# in the same vertical line``    ``for` `line ``in` `vertical :``        ``X1 ``=` `line;``        ``yList ``=` `vertical[line];` `        ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``len``(yList)) :``            ``Y1 ``=` `yList[i];``            ``for` `j ``in` `range``(i ``+` `1``, ``len``(yList)) :``                ``Y2 ``=` `yList[j];``                ``side ``=` `abs``(Y1 ``-` `Y2);``                ``X2 ``=` `X1 ``+` `side;` `                ``# Check if other two point are present or not``                ``if` `( X2, Y1 ) ``in` `points ``and` `( X2, Y2 ) ``in` `points :``                    ``count ``+``=` `1``;` `    ``return` `count;` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"` `:` `    ``X ``=` `[ ``0``, ``2``, ``0``, ``2` `]; Y ``=` `[ ``0``, ``2``, ``2``, ``0` `];` `    ``N ``=` `len``(X);` `    ``print``(countSquares(X, Y, N));` `# This code is contributed by AnkitRai01`

## C#

 `// C# implementation of the approach` `using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;`  `class` `GFG``{``    ``// Function that returns the count of``    ``// squares parallel to both X and Y-axis``    ``// from a given set of points``    ``static` `int` `countSquares(``int``[] X, ``int``[] Y, ``int` `N)``    ``{``        ``// Initialize result``        ``int` `count = 0;``    ` `        ``// Initialize a set to store points``        ``HashSet<``string``> points = ``new` `HashSet<``string``>();``    ` `        ``// Initialize a map to store the``        ``// points in the same vertical line``        ``Dictionary<``int``, List<``int``> > vertical = ``new` `Dictionary<``int``, List<``int``>>();``    ` `        ``// Store the points in a set``        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``            ``points.Add( Convert.ToString(X[i]) + ``"#"` `+ Convert.ToString(Y[i]));``        ``}``    ` `        ``// Store the points in the same vertical line``        ``// i.e. with same X co-ordinates``        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``            ``if` `(!vertical.ContainsKey(X[i]))``                ``vertical[X[i]] = ``new` `List<``int``>();``            ``vertical[X[i]].Add(Y[i]);``        ``}``    ` `        ``// Check for every two points``        ``// in the same vertical line``        ``foreach` `(``var` `line ``in` `vertical) {``            ``int` `X1 = line.Key;``            ``List<``int``> yList = line.Value;``    ` `            ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < yList.Count; i++) {``                ``int` `Y1 = yList[i];``                ``for` `(``int` `j = i + 1; j < yList.Count; j++) {``                    ``int` `Y2 = yList[j];``                    ``int` `side = Math.Abs(Y1 - Y2);``                    ``int` `X2 = X1 + side;``    ` `                    ``// Check if other two point are present or not``                    ``if` `(points.Contains( Convert.ToString(X2) + ``"#"` `+ Convert.ToString(Y1)) && points.Contains( Convert.ToString(X2) + ``"#"` `+ Convert.ToString(Y2)))``                        ``count++;``                ``}``            ``}``        ``}``    ` `        ``return` `count;``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main(``string``[] args)``    ``{``        ``int``[] X = { 0, 2, 0, 2 };``        ``int``[] Y = { 0, 2, 2, 0 };``    ` `        ``int` `N = X.Length;``    ` `       ``Console.WriteLine(countSquares(X, Y, N));``    ` `    ``}``}`

## Javascript

 `// JS implementation of the approach`  `// Function that returns the count of``// squares parallel to both X and Y-axis``// from a given set of points``function` `countSquares(X, Y, N)``{``    ``// Initialize result``    ``let count = 0;` `    ``// Initialize a set to store points``    ``let points = ``new` `Set();` `    ``// Initialize a map to store the``    ``// points in the same vertical line``    ``let vertical = {};` `    ``// Store the points in a set``    ``for` `(``var` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``points.add(X[i] + ``"#"` `+ Y[i]);``    ``}` `    ``// Store the points in the same vertical line``    ``// i.e. with same X co-ordinates``    ``for` `(``var` `i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``if` `(!vertical.hasOwnProperty(X[i]))``            ``vertical[X[i]] = [];``        ``vertical[X[i]].push(Y[i]);``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Check for every two points``    ``// in the same vertical line``    ``for` `(``var` `[X1, yList] of Object.entries(vertical)) {``        ``X1 = parseInt(X1)``        ``for` `(``var` `i = 0; i < yList.length; i++) {``            ``let Y1 = yList[i];``            ``for` `(let j = i + 1; j < yList.length; j++) {``                ``let Y2 = yList[j];``                ``let side = Math.abs(Y1 - Y2);``                ``let X2 = X1 + side;``                ` `                ``let p1 = X2 + ``"#"` `+ Y1``                ``let p2 = X2 + ``"#"` `+ Y2` `                ``// Check if other two point are present or not``                ``if` `(points.has(p1) && points.has(p2))``                    ``count++;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``    `   `    ``return` `count;``}`  `// Driver Code``let X = [ 0, 2, 0, 2 ]``let Y = [ 0, 2, 2, 0 ];` `let N = X.length;` `console.log(countSquares(X, Y, N));`   `// This code is contributed by phasing17`

Output:

`1`

Time Complexity: O(N2).

Auxiliary Space: O(N)

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