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Making all elements of matrix equal to a given element K
  • Last Updated : 05 Feb, 2020

Given a 2-d array arr[][], the task is to check whether it is possible to make all elements of the array to equal to a given number k if, in one operation, any element can be chosen and the surrounding diagonal elements can be made equal to it.

Examples:

Input:
arr[][] = 1 8 3
          1 2 2
          4 1 9
k = 2
Output: Yes
Explanation: 
In first operation choose element at (2, 2)
New array = 2 8 2
            1 2 2 
            2 1 2
In second operation choose element at (2, 3)
New array = 2 2 2
            1 2 2
            2 2 2 
In third operation choose element at (1, 2)
New array = 2 2 2 
            2 2 2 
            2 2 2

Input:
arr[][] = 3 1 2 3
          2 1 8 6
          9 7 9 9
k = 4 
Output:
No

Approach:

  • The matrix can be considered as a chessboard with black and white boxes.
  • If any element in the black box is chosen which is equal to the given number, then all elements of black boxes can be made equal to it using the given operation,
  • Similarly, it can be checked for the white boxes. So there need to be at least one element equal to the given element in both black and white boxes.
  • So we need to iterate over all elements using a counter. If the value of the counter is odd, it can be considered a black box and for even values, it can be considered a white box.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

C++




// C++ implementation of the above approach.
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to check if all
// elements can be equal or not
void checkEqualMatrix(int arr[][3], int n,
                      int m, int k)
{
    int c = 0, cnt1 = 0, cnt2 = 0;
  
    // Iterate over the matrix
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) {
            if (c % 2 == 0) {
  
                // Update the counter for odd values
                // if array element at that position is k
                if (arr[i][j] == k) {
                    cnt1++;
                }
            }
            else {
  
                // Update the counter for even values
                // if array element at that position is k
                if (arr[i][j] == k) {
                    cnt2++;
                }
            }
            c = c + 1;
        }
    }
    // To check if there is at least one
    // element at both even and odd indices.
    if (cnt1 >= 1 && cnt2 >= 1) {
        cout << "Yes";
    }
    else {
        cout << "No";
    }
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int arr[3][3] = { { 1, 8, 3 },
                      { 1, 2, 2 },
                      { 4, 1, 9 } };
    int k = 2;
    // Function calling
    checkEqualMatrix(arr, 3, 3, k);
}

Java




// Java implementation of the above approach. 
class GFG 
{
      
    // Function to check if all 
    // elements can be equal or not 
    static void checkEqualMatrix(int arr[][], int n, 
                              int m, int k) 
    
        int c = 0, cnt1 = 0, cnt2 = 0
      
        // Iterate over the matrix 
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        
            for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) 
            
                if (c % 2 == 0)
                
      
                    // Update the counter for odd values 
                    // if array element at that position is k 
                    if (arr[i][j] == k)
                    
                        cnt1++; 
                    
                
                else 
                
      
                    // Update the counter for even values 
                    // if array element at that position is k 
                    if (arr[i][j] == k) 
                    
                        cnt2++; 
                    
                
                c = c + 1
            
        
          
        // To check if there is at least one 
        // element at both even and odd indices. 
        if (cnt1 >= 1 && cnt2 >= 1)
        
            System.out.println("Yes"); 
        
        else
        
            System.out.println("No"); 
        
    
      
    // Driver code 
    public static void main (String[] args)
    
        int arr[][] = { { 1, 8, 3 }, 
                        { 1, 2, 2 }, 
                        { 4, 1, 9 } }; 
        int k = 2
          
        // Function calling 
        checkEqualMatrix(arr, 3, 3, k); 
    
}
  
// This code is contributed by AnkitRai01

Python3




# Python3 implementation of the above approach. 
  
# Function to check if all 
# elements can be equal or not 
def checkEqualMatrix(arr, n, m, k) :
  
    c = 0; cnt1 = 0; cnt2 = 0
  
    # Iterate over the matrix 
    for i in range(n) :
        for j in range(m) :
            if (c % 2 == 0) :
                  
                # Update the counter for odd values 
                # if array element at that position is k 
                if (arr[i][j] == k) :
                    cnt1 += 1
              
            else
  
                # Update the counter for even values 
                # if array element at that position is k 
                if (arr[i][j] == k) :
                    cnt2 += 1
  
            c = c + 1
  
    # To check if there is at least one 
    # element at both even and odd indices. 
    if (cnt1 >= 1 and cnt2 >= 1) :
        print("Yes"); 
    else
        print("No"); 
  
# Driver code 
if __name__ == "__main__"
  
    arr =
            [ 1, 8, 3 ], 
            [ 1, 2, 2 ], 
            [ 4, 1, 9
            ]; 
              
    k = 2
      
    # Function calling 
    checkEqualMatrix(arr, 3, 3, k); 
  
# This code is contributed by AnkitRai01

C#




// C# implementation of the above approach. 
using System;
  
class GFG 
      
    // Function to check if all 
    // elements can be equal or not 
    static void checkEqualMatrix(int [,]arr, int n, 
                                        int m, int k) 
    
        int c = 0, cnt1 = 0, cnt2 = 0; 
      
        // Iterate over the matrix 
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) 
        
            for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) 
            
                if (c % 2 == 0) 
                
      
                    // Update the counter for odd values 
                    // if array element at that position is k 
                    if (arr[i,j] == k) 
                    
                        cnt1++; 
                    
                
                else
                
      
                    // Update the counter for even values 
                    // if array element at that position is k 
                    if (arr[i,j] == k) 
                    
                        cnt2++; 
                    
                
                c = c + 1; 
            
        
          
        // To check if there is at least one 
        // element at both even and odd indices. 
        if (cnt1 >= 1 && cnt2 >= 1) 
        
            Console.WriteLine("Yes"); 
        
        else
        
            Console.WriteLine("No"); 
        
    
      
    // Driver code 
    public static void Main() 
    
        int [,]arr = { { 1, 8, 3 }, 
                        { 1, 2, 2 }, 
                        { 4, 1, 9 } }; 
        int k = 2; 
          
        // Function calling 
        checkEqualMatrix(arr, 3, 3, k); 
    
  
// This code is contributed by AnkitRai01 
Output:
Yes

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