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JavaScript ReferenceError Deprecated caller or arguments usage

Last Updated : 22 May, 2023
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This JavaScript exception deprecated caller or arguments usage occurs only in strict mode. It occurs if any of the Function.caller or Function.arguments properties are used, Which are depreciated.

Message:

TypeError: 'arguments', 'callee' and 'caller' are 
            restricted function properties and cannot
            be accessed in this context (Edge)
Warning: ReferenceError: deprecated caller usage (Firefox)
Warning: ReferenceError: deprecated arguments usage (Firefox)
TypeError: 'callee' and 'caller' cannot be accessed in strict
            mode. (Safari)

Error Type:

This is a strict-mode warning that a ReferenceError occurred. 
JavaScript execution won't be halted.

Cause of the Error: In the code, the Function.caller or Function.arguments properties are used, Which are depreciated.

Example 1: In this example, the caller property is used, So the error has occurred. 

Javascript




'use strict';
function GFG_Fun() {
    return GFG_Fun.caller; // Error here
}
GFG_Fun();


Output:

TypeError: 'arguments', 'callee' and 'caller' are 
restricted function properties and cannot be accessed 
in this context

Example 2: In this example, the arguments property is used, So the error has occurred. 

Javascript




'use strict';
function gfg(n) {
    return gfg.arguments[0]; // Error here
}
gfg(2);


Output:

TypeError: 'arguments', 'callee' and 'caller' are 
restricted function properties and cannot be accessed
in this context

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