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JavaScript function.caller Property

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  • Last Updated : 02 Dec, 2021

The function.caller property of the JavaScript function object returns the function that invoked the specified function. It returns null if the function “f” was invoked by the top-level code in JavaScript. For functions like strict functions, async functions and generator function this method returns null.

Syntax: 

function.caller

Parameters: This function does not accept any parameter.

Return Value: This function returns null for strict, async function and generator function callers.

Few examples are given below for a better understanding of the function methods.

Example 1:

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
 
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content=
        "width=device-width,
        initial-scale=1.0">
</head>
 
<body>
    <script>
 
        // Creating func2
        function func2() {
            console.log("This is from function 2")
        }
        // Creating func1
        function func1() {
            func2();
        }
 
        // Call Function 1
        func1();
 
        // null is returned as function
        // is strict, async function and
        // generator function
        console.log("from function.caller: ",
                                func1.caller)
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>

Output:

Example 2:

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
 
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content=
            "width=device-width,
            initial-scale=1.0">
</head>
 
<body>
    <script>
        function myFunc() {
            if (myFunc.caller == null)
                console.log("The function "
                    + "was called from the top!");
            else
                console.log("This function's "
                    + "caller was " + myFunc.caller);
    }
        myFunc()
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>

Output:

Browsers Supported:

  • Google Chrome 1 and above
  • Microsoft Edge 12 and above
  • Mozilla Firefox 1 and above
  • Internet Explorer 8 and above
  • Safari 3 and above
  • Opera 9.6 and above


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