JavaScript Course | Task Tracker Project

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Project Introduction
In this final article of this course we will learn how to make a simple javascript application where we can add tasks, delete tasks and edit them too. Pure(Vanilla) JavaScript has been used and we will also make use of DOM manipulation a lot so one of the main prerequisites is HTML | DOM.
Project Structure

index.html
styles.css
list.js



  • index.html
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    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    <head>
      <title>Task Tracker</title>
      <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css" type="text/css" 
        media="screen" charset="utf-8">
    </head>
      
    <body>
      <div class="container">
        <p>
          <label for="new-task" class="middle">Add Task</label>
        <input id="new-task" type="text"><button>Add Task</button>
        </p>
      
        <h3 class="middle">Todo</h3>
        <ul id="incomplete-tasks">
        </ul>
      
        <h3 class="middle">Completed Tasks</h3>
        <ul id="completed-tasks">
        </ul>
      </div>
      
      <script type="text/javascript" src="list.js"></script>
      
    </body>
      
    </html>

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  • Explanation:
    The above HTML code contains simple list tags and one text field which we will populate with text when we add, delete tasks. Certain classes are assigned which we make use of while getting that particular element by DOM or by styling it inside the styles.css file. All the above content is inside a div with class ‘container’ that has its own styling and attributes.

  • styles.css
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    /* Basic Style */
    body {
      background: #ecf0f1;
      color: #333;
      font-family: Lato, sans-serif;
    }
      
    .container {
      display: block;
      width: 500px;
      margin: 50px auto 0;
    }
      
    ul {
      margin: 0;
      padding: 0;
    }
      
    li * {
      float: left;
    }
      
    li,
    h3 {
      clear: both;
      list-style: none;
    }
      
    input,
    button {
      outline: none;
    }
      
    button {
      background: none;
      border: 0px;
      color: #888;
      font-size: 15px;
      width: 100px;
      margin: 10px 0 0;
      font-family: Lato, sans-serif;
      cursor: pointer;
    }
      
    button:hover {
      color: #333;
    }
      
    /* Heading */
    h3,
    label[for='new-task'] {
      color: #333;
      font-weight: 700;
      font-size: 15px;
      border-bottom: 2px solid #333;
      padding: 30px 0 10px;
      margin: 0;
      text-transform: uppercase;
    }
      
    input[type="text"] {
      margin: 0;
      font-size: 18px;
      line-height: 18px;
      height: 18px;
      padding: 10px;
      border: 1px solid #ddd;
      background: #fff;
      border-radius: 6px;
      font-family: Lato, sans-serif;
      color: #888;
    }
      
    input[type="text"]:focus {
      color: #333;
    }
      
    .middle {
      text-align: center;
    }
      
      
    /* New Task */
    label[for='new-task'] {
      display: block;
      margin: 0 0 20px;
    }
      
    input#new-task {
      float: right;
      width: 318px;
    }
      
    p>button:hover {
      color: #0FC57C;
    }
      
    /* Task list */
    li {
      overflow: hidden;
      padding: 20px 0;
      border-bottom: 1px solid #eee;
    }
      
    li>input[type="checkbox"] {
      margin: 0 10px;
      position: relative;
      top: 15px;
    }
      
    li>label {
      font-size: 18px;
      line-height: 40px;
      width: 237px;
      padding: 0 0 0 11px;
    }
      
    li>input[type="text"] {
      width: 226px;
    }
      
    li>.delete:hover {
      color: #CF2323;
    }
      
    /* Completed */
    #completed-tasks label {
      text-decoration: line-through;
      color: #888;
    }
      
    /* Edit Task */
    ul li input[type=text] {
      display: none;
    }
      
    ul li.editMode input[type=text] {
      display: block;
    }
      
    ul li.editMode label {
      display: none;
    }

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  • Note: The above HTML and CSS files are for the presentation part mainly.

  • list.js
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    // Add a new task.
    let taskInput = document.getElementById("new-task"); 
      
    // first button
    let addButton = document.getElementsByTagName("button")[0]; 
      
    // ul of #incomplete-tasks
    let incompleteTaskHolder = document.getElementById("incomplete-tasks"); 
      
    // completed-tasks
    let completedTasksHolder = document.getElementById("completed-tasks"); 
       
    /*---- Part 1 ----*/
    // function to create new task item
    let createNewTaskElement = function (taskString) {
       
        let listItem = document.createElement("li");
       
        // input (checkbox)
        let checkBox = document.createElement("input"); // checkbox
        // label
        let label = document.createElement("label"); // label
        // input (text)
        let editInput = document.createElement("input"); // text
        // button.edit
        let editButton = document.createElement("button"); // edit button
       
        // button.delete
        let deleteButton = document.createElement("button"); // delete button
       
        label.innerText = taskString;
       
        // Each elements, needs appending
        checkBox.type = "checkbox";
        editInput.type = "text";
       
      
        // innerText encodes special characters, HTML does not.
        editButton.innerText = "Edit";     
        editButton.className = "edit";
        deleteButton.innerText = "Delete";
        deleteButton.className = "delete";
       
        // and appending.
        listItem.appendChild(checkBox);
        listItem.appendChild(label);
        listItem.appendChild(editInput);
        listItem.appendChild(editButton);
        listItem.appendChild(deleteButton);
        return listItem;
    }
    /*---- Part 2 ----*/
    let addTask = function () {
        console.log("Add Task...");
       
        let listItem = createNewTaskElement(taskInput.value);
       
        if (taskInput.value == "") {
            return;
        }
       
        // Append listItem to incompleteTaskHolder
        incompleteTaskHolder.appendChild(listItem);
        bindTaskEvents(listItem, taskCompleted);
       
        taskInput.value = "";
       
    }
       
    /*---- Part 3 ----*/
    let editTask = function () {
        console.log("Edit Task...");
        console.log("Change 'edit' to 'save'");
       
       
        let listItem = this.parentNode;
       
        let editInput = listItem.querySelector('input[type=text]');
        let label = listItem.querySelector("label");
        let containsClass = listItem.classList.contains("editMode");
        // If class of the parent is .editmode
        if (containsClass) {
            label.innerText = editInput.value;
        } else {
            editInput.value = label.innerText;
        }
        listItem.classList.toggle("editMode");
    }
       
    /*---- Part 4 ----*/
    let deleteTask = function () {
        console.log("Delete Task...");
       
        let listItem = this.parentNode;
        let ul = listItem.parentNode;
        // Remove the parent list item from the ul.
        ul.removeChild(listItem);
       
    }
       
    /*---- Part 5 ----*/
       
    let taskCompleted = function () {
        console.log("Complete Task...");
       
        // Append the task list item to the #completed-tasks
        let listItem = this.parentNode;
        completedTasksHolder.appendChild(listItem);
        bindTaskEvents(listItem, taskIncomplete);
       
    }
       
    /*---- Part 6 ----*/
    let taskIncomplete = function () {
        console.log("Incomplete Task...");
        // Mark task as incomplete.
        let listItem = this.parentNode;
        incompleteTaskHolder.appendChild(listItem);
        bindTaskEvents(listItem, taskCompleted);
    }
       
    /*---- Part 7 ----*/
    addButton.onclick = addTask;
    addButton.addEventListener("click", addTask);
       
    let bindTaskEvents = function (taskListItem, checkBoxEventHandler) {
        console.log("bind list item events");
        // select ListItems children
        let checkBox = taskListItem.querySelector("input[type=checkbox]");
        let editButton = taskListItem.querySelector("button.edit");
        let deleteButton = taskListItem.querySelector("button.delete");
       
       
        // Bind editTask to edit button.
        editButton.onclick = editTask;
        // Bind deleteTask to delete button.
        deleteButton.onclick = deleteTask;
        // Bind taskCompleted to checkBoxEventHandler.
        checkBox.onchange = checkBoxEventHandler;
    }
       
    /*---- Part 8 ----*/
    // cycle over incompleteTaskHolder ul list items
    // for each list item
    for (let i = 0; i < incompleteTaskHolder.children.length; i++) {
       
        // bind events to list items chldren(tasksCompleted)
        bindTaskEvents(incompleteTaskHolder.children[i], taskCompleted);
    }
       
    // cycle over completedTasksHolder ul list items
    for (let i = 0; i < completedTasksHolder.children.length; i++) {
        // bind events to list items chldren(tasksIncompleted)
        bindTaskEvents(completedTasksHolder.children[i], taskIncomplete);
    }

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  • Explanation

    1. Part 1
      • The way this function wrorks is that it takes the ‘inputString’ i.e the text that we pass inside the HTML text field as a task and then it creates several elements using DOM properties and append them specific classes. After appending we insert all the elements inside the list as listItems.
    2. Part 2
      • This addTask function is called when we click the button ‘addButton'(line 115) and then inside it we create a listItem with the value the user entered and then check the value, as it must not be an empty string then we simply add the above value inside the ‘inputTaskHolder’ and finally setting the value inside it as an empty string before calling the ‘bindFunction’.
    3. Part 3
      • This code function is used to edit an existing task and we do so keeping track of the parent node and then a simple if-else check that whether the ‘editMode’ button is clicked or not, if clicked then simply assign the value of the label innerText to value inside the editInput, if not then vice versa. Then after editing, we toggle the value of the ‘editMode’ as we have edited.
    4. Part 4
      • In this part we delete a task and the way we do it by making use of the parent node of the current node and then storing the parent of the parent node and then simply deleting the child of this node.
    5. Part 5
      • In this function we mark the task as complete by simply appending the child of the parent node inside the completeTaskHolder element and then calling the bindFunction.
    6. Part 6
      • In this function we mark the task as incomplete by simply appending the child of the parent node inside the inCompleteTaskHolder element and then calling the bindFunction.
    7. Part 7
      • In this part we call the BindFunction where we respond to the several user interaction activities and make several buttons work.
    8. Part 8
      • In this final section we iterate over several parts binding childrens with the help of for loop inside the incomplete and complete TaskHolder element.

    Output:(Before adding any task)

    Output:(After adding task)

    Output:(After Completing the task)

    Next article: JavaScript Course | Practice Quiz-3



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    Executive Software Developer at Cavisson Systems

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